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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:33:29 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15586
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCyclandelate
DescriptionCyclandelate is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a direct-acting smooth muscle relaxant used to dilate blood vessels. It may cause gastrointestinal distress and tachycardia. Cyclandelate is not approved for use in the U.S. or Canada, but is approved in various European countries.Cyclandelate produces peripheral vasodilation by a direct effect on vascular smooth muscle. Pharmacological action may be due to calcium-channel antagonism.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexyl mandelateChEBI
3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexyl amygdalateChEBI
CiclandelatoChEBI
CyclandelatumChEBI
3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexyl mandelic acidGenerator
Cyclandelic acidGenerator
3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexyl amygdalic acidGenerator
3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexyl mandelateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC17H24O3
Average Molecular Weight276.3707
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight276.172544634
IUPAC Name3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexyl 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate
Traditional Namecyclandelate
CAS Registry Number456-59-7
SMILES
CC1CC(CC(C)(C)C1)OC(=O)C(O)C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C17H24O3/c1-12-9-14(11-17(2,3)10-12)20-16(19)15(18)13-7-5-4-6-8-13/h4-8,12,14-15,18H,9-11H2,1-3H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=WZHCOOQXZCIUNC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylacetic acid derivatives. These are compounds containing a phenylacetic acid moiety, which consists of a phenyl group substituted at the second position by an acetic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassPhenylacetic acid derivatives
Direct ParentPhenylacetic acid derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenylacetate
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Vasodilator Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point56 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility9.97e-02 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.1 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.79ALOGPS
logP3.72ChemAxon
logS-3.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.99ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area46.53 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity78.06 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability30.95 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04838
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04838
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB04838
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID2790
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15586
Metagene LinkHMDB15586
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound2893
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID3988
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in the detoxification of xenobiotics and in the activation of ester and amide prodrugs. Hydrolyzes aromatic and aliphatic esters, but has no catalytic activity toward amides or a fatty acyl-CoA ester. Hydrolyzes the methyl ester group of cocaine to form benzoylecgonine. Catalyzes the transesterification of cocaine to form cocaethylene. Displays fatty acid ethyl ester synthase activity, catalyzing the ethyl esterification of oleic acid to ethyloleate.
Gene Name:
CES1
Uniprot ID:
P23141
Molecular weight:
62520.62
References
  1. Heffron F, Middleton B, White DA: Inhibition of acyl coenzyme A: cholesterol acyl transferase by trimethylcyclohexanylmandelate (cyclandelate). Biochem Pharmacol. 1990 Feb 1;39(3):575-80. [2306268 ]
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
The alpha-2/delta subunit of voltage-dependent calcium channels regulates calcium current density and activation/inactivation kinetics of the calcium channel. Plays an important role in excitation-contraction coupling
Gene Name:
CACNA2D1
Uniprot ID:
P54289
Molecular weight:
124566.9
References
  1. Pascual J: [New prospects in the treatment of migraine]. Neurologia. 1999 Dec;14 Suppl 6:26-35. [10659603 ]