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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:33:32 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15598
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameVoglibose
DescriptionVoglibose is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. Voglibose (INN and USAN) is an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor used for lowering post-prandial blood glucose levels in people with diabetes mellitus. It is made in India by Ranbaxy Labs and sold under the trade name Volix. [Wikipedia]Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are saccharides that act as competitive inhibitors of enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates: specifically alpha-glucosidase enzymes in the brush border of the small intestines. The membrane-bound intestinal alpha-glucosidases hydrolyze oligosaccharides, trisaccharides, and disaccharides to glucose and other monosaccharides in the small intestine. Acarbose also blocks pancreatic alpha-amylase in addition to inhibiting membrane-bound alpha-glucosidases. Pancreatic alpha-amylase hydrolyzes complex starches to oligosaccharides in the lumen of the small intestine. Inhibition of these enzyme systems reduces the rate of digestion of complex carbohydrates. Less glucose is absorbed because the carbohydrates are not broken down into glucose molecules. In diabetic patients, the short-term effect of these drugs therapies is to decrease current blood glucose levels: the long term effect is a small reduction in hemoglobin-A1c level. (From Drug Therapy in Nursing, 2nd ed)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
BasenKegg
Chemical FormulaC10H21NO7
Average Molecular Weight267.2762
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight267.131802031
IUPAC Name(1S,2S,3R,4S,5S)-5-[(1,3-dihydroxypropan-2-yl)amino]-1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclohexane-1,2,3,4-tetrol
Traditional Namevoglibose
CAS Registry Number83480-29-9
SMILES
OCC(CO)N[C@H]1C[C@](O)(CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H21NO7/c12-2-5(3-13)11-6-1-10(18,4-14)9(17)8(16)7(6)15/h5-9,11-18H,1-4H2/t6-,7-,8+,9-,10-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=FZNCGRZWXLXZSZ-CIQUZCHMSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aminocyclitols and derivatives. These are cyclitols with at least one hydroxyl group replace by an amino group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassAlcohols and polyols
Sub ClassCyclic alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentAminocyclitols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Aminocyclitol derivative
  • Cyclohexylamine
  • Cyclohexanol
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • 1,2-diol
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.90e+02 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility190.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-4.9ChemAxon
logS-0.15ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.46ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)7.66ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area153.64 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity59.55 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability26.02 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04878
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04878
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB04878
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID392046
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkVoglibose
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15598
Metagene LinkHMDB15598
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound444020
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID590151
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Satoh N, Shimatsu A, Yamada K, Aizawa-Abe M, Suganami T, Kuzuya H, Ogawa Y: An alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, voglibose, reduces oxidative stress markers and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 in obese type 2 diabetic patients. Metabolism. 2006 Jun;55(6):786-93. [16713439 ]
  2. Kurebayashi S, Watada H, Tanaka Y, Kawasumi M, Kawamori R, Hirose T: Efficacy and adverse effects of nateglinide in early type 2 diabetes. Comparison with voglibose in a cross-over study. Endocr J. 2006 Apr;53(2):213-7. [16618980 ]
  3. Aso Y, Yamamoto R, Suetsugu M, Matsumoto S, Wakabayashi S, Matsutomo R, Takebayashi K, Inukai T: Comparison of the effects of pioglitazone and voglibose on circulating total and high-molecular-weight adiponectin, and on two fibrinolysis inhibitors, in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2007 Sep;24(9):962-8. Epub 2007 May 17. [17509067 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
May serve as an alternate pathway for starch digestion when luminal alpha-amylase activity is reduced because of immaturity or malnutrition. May play a unique role in the digestion of malted dietary oligosaccharides used in food manufacturing.
Gene Name:
MGAM
Uniprot ID:
O43451
Molecular weight:
Not Available
References
  1. Satoh N, Shimatsu A, Yamada K, Aizawa-Abe M, Suganami T, Kuzuya H, Ogawa Y: An alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, voglibose, reduces oxidative stress markers and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 in obese type 2 diabetic patients. Metabolism. 2006 Jun;55(6):786-93. [16713439 ]
  2. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
  3. Matsumura M, Monden T, Miyashita Y, Kawagoe Y, Shimizu H, Nakatani Y, Domeki N, Yanagi K, Ikeda S, Kasai K: Effects of changeover from voglibose to acarbose on postprandial triglycerides in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Adv Ther. 2009 Jun;26(6):660-6. Epub 2009 Jun 30. [19568704 ]
  4. Abe M, Okada K, Maruyama T, Maruyama N, Matsumoto K: Combination therapy with mitiglinide and voglibose improves glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients on hemodialysis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010 Feb;11(2):169-76. [20025554 ]
  5. Iwasa M, Kobayashi H, Yasuda S, Kawamura I, Sumi S, Yamada Y, Shiraki T, Yamaki T, Ushikoshi H, Aoyama T, Nishigaki K, Takemura G, Fujiwara T, Fujiwara H, Minatoguchi S: Antidiabetic drug voglibose is protective against ischemia-reperfusion injury through glucagon-like peptide 1 receptors and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-Akt-endothelial nitric oxide synthase pathway in rabbits. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2010 Jun;55(6):625-34. [20351564 ]
  6. Fujimori Y, Katsuno K, Ojima K, Nakashima I, Nakano S, Ishikawa-Takemura Y, Kusama H, Isaji M: Sergliflozin etabonate, a selective SGLT2 inhibitor, improves glycemic control in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and Zucker fatty rats. Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 May 1;609(1-3):148-54. Epub 2009 Mar 10. [19281809 ]