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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:33:33 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15601
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameVapreotide
DescriptionVapreotide is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a synthetic octapeptide somatostatin analog. It was being studied for the treatment of cancer.The exact mechanism of action is unknown, although one study has provided in vitro and in vivo evidence for a tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist effect in the analgesic effects of vapreotide (PMID: 7556407 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
BMY 41606HMDB
OctastatinHMDB
RC-160HMDB
Vapreotide acetateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC57H70N12O9S2
Average Molecular Weight1131.371
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1130.483013278
IUPAC Name2-amino-N-[10-(4-aminobutyl)-4-{[1-carbamoyl-2-(1H-indol-2-yl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-16-[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl]-13-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-6,9,12,15,18-pentaoxo-7-(propan-2-yl)-1,2-dithia-5,8,11,14,17-pentaazacycloicosan-19-yl]-3-phenylpropanamide
Traditional Nameoctastatin
CAS Registry Number103222-11-3
SMILES
CC(C)C1NC(=O)C(CCCCN)NC(=O)C(CC2=CNC3=C2C=CC=C3)NC(=O)C(CC2=CC=C(O)C=C2)NC(=O)C(CSSCC(NC1=O)C(=O)NC(CC1=CC2=CC=CC=C2N1)C(N)=O)NC(=O)C(N)CC1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C57H70N12O9S2/c1-32(2)49-57(78)68-48(55(76)64-44(50(60)71)28-37-26-35-14-6-8-16-41(35)62-37)31-80-79-30-47(67-51(72)40(59)24-33-12-4-3-5-13-33)56(77)65-45(25-34-19-21-38(70)22-20-34)53(74)66-46(27-36-29-61-42-17-9-7-15-39(36)42)54(75)63-43(52(73)69-49)18-10-11-23-58/h3-9,12-17,19-22,26,29,32,40,43-49,61-62,70H,10-11,18,23-25,27-28,30-31,58-59H2,1-2H3,(H2,60,71)(H,63,75)(H,64,76)(H,65,77)(H,66,74)(H,67,72)(H,68,78)(H,69,73)
InChI KeyInChIKey=GAWXLRUZZFSQON-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cyclic peptides. These are compounds containing a cyclic moiety bearing a peptide backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentCyclic peptides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cyclic alpha peptide
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Macrolactam
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • Phenylpropylamine
  • Amphetamine or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Indole or derivatives
  • Indole
  • Aralkylamine
  • Phenol
  • Fatty acyl
  • Benzenoid
  • Substituted pyrrole
  • Fatty amide
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Pyrrole
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Primary carboxylic acid amide
  • Organic disulfide
  • Lactam
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Analgesics
  • Antineoplastic Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility3.99e-03 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.004 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.7ALOGPS
logP0.76ChemAxon
logS-5.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.43ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.26ChemAxon
Physiological Charge2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count13ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area350.64 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count18ChemAxon
Refractivity306.2 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability118.82 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04894
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04894
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-1 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-0 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB04894
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID26330333
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15601
Metagene LinkHMDB15601
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound23725064
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Betoin F, Advenier C, Fardin V, Wilcox G, Lavarenne J, Eschalier A: In vitro and in vivo evidence for a tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist effect of vapreotide, an analgesic cyclic analog of somatostatin. Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 Jun 12;279(2-3):241-9. [7556407 ]
  2. Girard PM, Goldschmidt E, Vittecoq D, Massip P, Gastiaburu J, Meyohas MC, Coulaud JP, Schally AV: Vapreotide, a somatostatin analogue, in cryptosporidiosis and other AIDS-related diarrhoeal diseases. AIDS. 1992 Jul;6(7):715-8. [1354449 ]
  3. Stiefel F, Morant R: Vapreotide, a new somatostatin analogue in the palliative management of obstructive ileus in advanced cancer. Support Care Cancer. 1993 Jan;1(1):57-8. [7511473 ]
  4. Betoin F, Ardid D, Herbet A, Aumaitre O, Kemeny JL, Duchene-Marullaz P, Lavarenne J, Eschalier A: Evidence for a central long-lasting antinociceptive effect of vapreotide, an analog of somatostatin, involving an opioidergic mechanism. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1994 Apr;269(1):7-14. [7909563 ]
  5. Betoin F, Eschalier A, Duchene-Marullaz P, Lavarenne J: Seven-day antinociceptive effect of a sustained release vapreotide formulation. Neuroreport. 1994 Jan 31;5(5):642-4. [7912964 ]
  6. Sarr MG: The potent somatostatin analogue vapreotide does not decrease pancreas-specific complications after elective pancreatectomy: a prospective, multicenter, double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Am Coll Surg. 2003 Apr;196(4):556-64; discussion 564-5; author reply 565. [12691930 ]
  7. Vapreotide: BMY 41606, RC 160, Sanvar. Drugs R D. 2003;4(5):326-30. [12952505 ]
  8. Norman P: Vapreotide (Debipharm). IDrugs. 2000 Nov;3(11):1358-72. [16047258 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
This is a receptor for the tachykinin neuropeptide substance P. It is probably associated with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. The rank order of affinity of this receptor to tachykinins is:substance P > substance K > neuromedin-K
Gene Name:
TACR1
Uniprot ID:
P25103
Molecular weight:
46250.5
References
  1. Betoin F, Advenier C, Fardin V, Wilcox G, Lavarenne J, Eschalier A: In vitro and in vivo evidence for a tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist effect of vapreotide, an analgesic cyclic analog of somatostatin. Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 Jun 12;279(2-3):241-9. [7556407 ]
  2. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for somatostatins-14 and -28. This receptor is coupled via pertussis toxin sensitive G proteins to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. In addition it stimulates phosphotyrosine phosphatase and PLC via pertussis toxin insensitive as well as sensitive G proteins. In RIN-5F cells, this receptor inhibits calcium entry by suppressing voltage dependent calcium-channels
Gene Name:
SSTR2
Uniprot ID:
P30874
Molecular weight:
41332.4
References
  1. Fortune BE, Jackson J, Leonard J, Trotter JF: Vapreotide: a somatostatin analog for the treatment of acute variceal bleeding. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009 Oct;10(14):2337-42. [19708854 ]