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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:33:39 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15629
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameSitaxentan
DescriptionSitaxentan is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. Sitaxentan is a competitive antagonist of endothelin-1 at the endothelin-A (ET-A) and endothelin-B (ET-B) receptors. Under normal conditions, endothelin-1 binding of ET-A or ET-B receptors causes pulmonary vasoconstriction. By blocking this interaction, Sitaxentan decreases pulmonary vascular resistance. Sitaxentan has a higher affinity for ET-A than ET-B.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
SitaxsentanHMDB
TBC-11251HMDB
Chemical FormulaC18H15ClN2O6S2
Average Molecular Weight454.905
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight454.006005309
IUPAC NameN-(4-chloro-3-methyl-1,2-oxazol-5-yl)-2-[2-(6-methyl-2H-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)acetyl]thiophene-3-sulfonamide
Traditional Namethelin
CAS Registry Number210421-64-0
SMILES
CC1=NOC(NS(=O)(=O)C2=C(SC=C2)C(=O)CC2=CC3=C(OCO3)C=C2C)=C1Cl
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C18H15ClN2O6S2/c1-9-5-13-14(26-8-25-13)7-11(9)6-12(22)17-15(3-4-28-17)29(23,24)21-18-16(19)10(2)20-27-18/h3-5,7,21H,6,8H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=PHWXUGHIIBDVKD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzodioxoles. These are organic compounds containing a benzene ring fused to either isomers of dioxole. Dioxole is a five-membered unsaturated ring of two oxygen atoms and three carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassBenzodioxoles
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentBenzodioxoles
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Benzodioxole
  • Aryl alkyl ketone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Benzenoid
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl chloride
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Aminosulfonyl compound
  • Thiophene
  • Sulfonyl
  • Sulfonic acid derivative
  • Sulfonamide
  • Oxazole
  • Isoxazole
  • Azole
  • Ketone
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
BiofunctionNot Available
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.018 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.35ALOGPS
logP3.09ChemAxon
logS-4.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)6.89ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.75ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area107.73 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity105.8 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability43.12 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06268
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06268
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB06268
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID187436
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkSitaxentan
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15629
Metagene LinkHMDB15629
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound216235
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID123417
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Stavros F, Kramer WG, Wilkins MR: The effects of sitaxentan on sildenafil pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in healthy subjects. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2010 Jan;69(1):23-6. [20078609 ]
  2. Barst RJ, Rich S, Widlitz A, Horn EM, McLaughlin V, McFarlin J: Clinical efficacy of sitaxsentan, an endothelin-A receptor antagonist, in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: open-label pilot study. Chest. 2002 Jun;121(6):1860-8. [12065350 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular weight:
55627.365
References
  1. Pulido T, Sandoval J, Roquet I, Gutierrez R, Rueda T, Pena H, Santos E, Miranda MT, Lupi E: Interaction of acenocoumarol and sitaxentan in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur J Clin Invest. 2009 Jun;39 Suppl 2:14-8. [19335742 ]
  2. Opitz CF, Ewert R, Kirch W, Pittrow D: Inhibition of endothelin receptors in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension: does selectivity matter? Eur Heart J. 2008 Aug;29(16):1936-48. Epub 2008 Jun 17. [18562303 ]
  3. Barst RJ, Rich S, Widlitz A, Horn EM, McLaughlin V, McFarlin J: Clinical efficacy of sitaxsentan, an endothelin-A receptor antagonist, in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: open-label pilot study. Chest. 2002 Jun;121(6):1860-8. [12065350 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of a number of therapeutic agents such as the anticonvulsant drug S-mephenytoin, omeprazole, proguanil, certain barbiturates, diazepam, propranolol, citalopram and imipramine.
Gene Name:
CYP2C19
Uniprot ID:
P33261
Molecular weight:
55944.565
References
  1. Barst RJ, Rich S, Widlitz A, Horn EM, McLaughlin V, McFarlin J: Clinical efficacy of sitaxsentan, an endothelin-A receptor antagonist, in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: open-label pilot study. Chest. 2002 Jun;121(6):1860-8. [12065350 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for endothelin-1. Mediates its action by association with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol- calcium second messenger system. The rank order of binding affinities for ET-A is:ET1 > ET2 >> ET3
Gene Name:
EDNRA
Uniprot ID:
P25101
Molecular weight:
48721.8
References
  1. Girgis RE, Frost AE, Hill NS, Horn EM, Langleben D, McLaughlin VV, Oudiz RJ, Robbins IM, Seibold JR, Shapiro S, Tapson VF, Barst RJ: Selective endothelin A receptor antagonism with sitaxsentan for pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with connective tissue disease. Ann Rheum Dis. 2007 Nov;66(11):1467-72. Epub 2007 May 1. [17472992 ]
  2. Albertini M, Lafortuna CL, Ciminaghi B, Mazzola S, Clement MG: Endothelin involvement in respiratory centre activity. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2001 Sep;65(3):157-63. [11728166 ]
  3. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
  4. Kiowski W, Sutsch G, Oechslin E, Bertel O: Hemodynamic effects of bosentan in patients with chronic heart failure. Heart Fail Rev. 2001 Dec;6(4):325-34. [11447307 ]
  5. Kramp R, Fourmanoir P, Caron N: Endothelin resets renal blood flow autoregulatory efficiency during acute blockade of NO in the rat. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2001 Dec;281(6):F1132-40. [11704565 ]
  6. Martin C, Held HD, Uhlig S: Differential effects of the mixed ET(A)/ET(B)-receptor antagonist bosentan on endothelin-induced bronchoconstriction, vasoconstriction and prostacyclin release. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2000 Aug;362(2):128-36. [10961375 ]
  7. Sihvola RK, Pulkkinen VP, Koskinen PK, Lemstrom KB: Crosstalk of endothelin-1 and platelet-derived growth factor in cardiac allograft arteriosclerosis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Feb 20;39(4):710-7. [11849873 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Non-specific receptor for endothelin 1, 2, and 3. Mediates its action by association with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system
Gene Name:
EDNRB
Uniprot ID:
P24530
Molecular weight:
49643.3
References
  1. Girgis RE, Frost AE, Hill NS, Horn EM, Langleben D, McLaughlin VV, Oudiz RJ, Robbins IM, Seibold JR, Shapiro S, Tapson VF, Barst RJ: Selective endothelin A receptor antagonism with sitaxsentan for pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with connective tissue disease. Ann Rheum Dis. 2007 Nov;66(11):1467-72. Epub 2007 May 1. [17472992 ]
  2. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
  3. Gardiner SM, Kemp PA, March JE, Bennett T: Effects of bosentan (Ro 47-0203), an ETA-, ETB-receptor antagonist, on regional haemodynamic responses to endothelins in conscious rats. Br J Pharmacol. 1994 Jul;112(3):823-30. [7921608 ]
  4. Gupta SK, Saxena A, Singh U, Arya DS: Bosentan, the mixed ETA-ETB endothelin receptor antagonist, attenuated oxidative stress after experimental myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. Mol Cell Biochem. 2005 Jul;275(1-2):67-74. [16335785 ]
  5. Marano G, Palazzesi S, Bernucci P, Grigioni M, Formigari R, Ballerini L: ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist bosentan inhibits neointimal development in collared carotid arteries of rabbits. Life Sci. 1998;63(18):PL259-66. [9806221 ]
  6. Richard V, Kaeffer N, Hogie M, Tron C, Blanc T, Thuillez C: Role of endogenous endothelin in myocardial and coronary endothelial injury after ischaemia and reperfusion in rats: studies with bosentan, a mixed ETA-ETB antagonist. Br J Pharmacol. 1994 Nov;113(3):869-76. [7858879 ]
  7. Said SA, Ammar el SM, Suddek GM: Effect of bosentan (ETA/ETB receptor antagonist) on metabolic changes during stress and diabetes. Pharmacol Res. 2005 Feb;51(2):107-15. [15629255 ]