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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:33:40 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15632
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTemsirolimus
DescriptionTemsirolimus is an intravenous drug for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), developed by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals and approved by the FDA in late May 2007, and was also approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) on November 2007. It is a derivative of sirolimus and is sold as Torisel.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
ToriselKegg
CCI 779Kegg
42-[3-Hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate]rapamycinKegg
CCI-779HMDB
Chemical FormulaC56H87NO16
Average Molecular Weight1030.2871
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1029.602485741
IUPAC Name(1R,2R,4S)-4-[(2R)-2-[(1R,9S,12S,15R,16E,18R,19R,21R,23S,24E,26E,28E,30S,32S,35R)-1,18-dihydroxy-19,30-dimethoxy-15,17,21,23,29,35-hexamethyl-2,3,10,14,20-pentaoxo-11,36-dioxa-4-azatricyclo[30.3.1.0⁴,⁹]hexatriaconta-16,24,26,28-tetraen-12-yl]propyl]-2-methoxycyclohexyl 3-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate
Traditional Nametemsirolimus
CAS Registry Number162635-04-3
SMILES
OCC(C)(CO)C(=O)O[C@@H]1CC[C@@H](C[C@@H](C)[C@]2([H])CC(=O)[C@H](C)\C=C(C)\[C@@H](O)[C@@H](OC)C(=O)[C@H](C)C[C@H](C)\C=C\C=C\C=C(C)\[C@@H](OC)C[C@]3([H])CC[C@@H](C)[C@@](O)(O3)C(=O)C(=O)N3CCCC[C@H]3C(=O)O2)C[C@H]1OC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C56H87NO16/c1-33-17-13-12-14-18-34(2)45(68-9)29-41-22-20-39(7)56(67,73-41)51(63)52(64)57-24-16-15-19-42(57)53(65)71-46(30-43(60)35(3)26-38(6)49(62)50(70-11)48(61)37(5)25-33)36(4)27-40-21-23-44(47(28-40)69-10)72-54(66)55(8,31-58)32-59/h12-14,17-18,26,33,35-37,39-42,44-47,49-50,58-59,62,67H,15-16,19-25,27-32H2,1-11H3/b14-12+,17-13+,34-18+,38-26+/t33-,35-,36-,37-,39-,40+,41+,42+,44-,45+,46+,47-,49-,50+,56-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=CBPNZQVSJQDFBE-FUXHJELOSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as macrolide lactams. These are cyclic polyketides containing both a cyclic amide and a cyclic ester group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassMacrolide lactams
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentMacrolide lactams
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Macrolide lactam
  • Macrolide
  • Alpha-amino acid ester
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Piperidine
  • Oxane
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Tertiary amine
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Lactone
  • Lactam
  • Ketone
  • Hemiacetal
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.35e-03 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0024 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.39ALOGPS
logP7.13ChemAxon
logS-5.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.96ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count14ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area241.96 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity277.07 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability112.71 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06287
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06287
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB06287
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID21468899
KEGG Compound IDC15182
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkTemsirolimus
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15632
Metagene LinkHMDB15632
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6918289
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID775133
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Shuuin T, Karashima H: [Mammalian target of rapamycin, its mode of action and clinical response in metastatic clear cell carcinoma]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2009 Jul;36(7):1076-9. [19620795 ]
  2. Boni J, Leister C, Burns J, Cincotta M, Hug B, Moore L: Pharmacokinetic profile of temsirolimus with concomitant administration of cytochrome p450-inducing medications. J Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Nov;47(11):1430-9. Epub 2007 Oct 3. [17913896 ]
  3. Mounier N, Vignot S, Spano JP: [Update on clinical activity of CCI779 (temsirolimus), mTOR inhibitor]. Bull Cancer. 2006 Nov;93(11):1139-43. [17145584 ]
  4. Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc. Torisel® (temsirolimus) injection prescribing information. Philadelphia, PA: 2010 Sep.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular weight:
55768.94
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics.
Gene Name:
CYP3A5
Uniprot ID:
P20815
Molecular weight:
57108.065
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics.
Gene Name:
CYP3A7
Uniprot ID:
P24462
Molecular weight:
57525.03
General function:
Involved in binding
Specific function:
Kinase subunit of both mTORC1 and mTORC2, which regulate cell growth and survival in response to nutrient and hormonal signals. mTORC1 is activated in response to growth factors or amino-acids. Amino-acid-signaling to mTORC1 is mediated by Rag GTPases, which cause amino-acid-induced relocalization of mTOR within the endomembrane system. Growth factor-stimulated mTORC1 activation involves AKT1-mediated phosphorylation of TSC1-TSC2, which leads to the activation of the RHEB GTPase that potently activates the protein kinase activity of mTORC1. Activated mTORC1 up-regulates protein synthesis by phosphorylating key regulators of mRNA translation and ribosome synthesis. mTORC1 phosphorylates EIF4EBP1 and releases it from inhibiting the elongation initiation factor 4E (eiF4E). mTORC1 phosphorylates and activates S6K1 at 'Thr-421', which then promotes protein synthesis by phosphorylating PDCD4 and targeting it for degradation. mTORC2 is also activated by growth factors, but seems to be nutrient- insensitive. mTORC2 seems to function upstream of Rho GTPases to regulate the actin cytoskeleton, probably by activating one or more Rho-type guanine nucleotide exchange factors. mTORC2 promotes the serum-induced formation of stress-fibers or F-actin. mTORC2 plays a critical role in AKT1 'Ser-473' phosphorylation, which may facilitate the phosphorylation of the activation loop of AKT1 on 'Thr-308' by PDK1 which is a prerequisite for full activation. mTORC2 regulates the phosphorylation of SGK1 at 'Ser-422'. mTORC2 also modulates the phosphorylation of PRKCA on 'Ser-657'
Gene Name:
MTOR
Uniprot ID:
P42345
Molecular weight:
288889.0
References
  1. Patard JJ, Pouessel D, Bensalah K, Culine S: Targeted therapy in renal cell carcinoma. World J Urol. 2008 Apr;26(2):135-40. Epub 2008 Feb 12. [18265991 ]
  2. Radulovic S, Bjelogrlic SK: Sunitinib, sorafenib and mTOR inhibitors in renal cancer. J BUON. 2007 Sep;12 Suppl 1:S151-62. [17935273 ]
  3. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular weight:
141477.3