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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:33:56 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15676
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDifluprednate
DescriptionDifluprednate is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a topical corticosteroid indicated for the treatment of infammation and pain associated with ocular surgery. It was approved by the the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on June 24, 2008.Corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins (lipocortins). It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of infammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
DurezolKegg
Difluprednic acidGenerator
DFBAHMDB
Difluoroprednisolone butyrate acetateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H34F2O7
Average Molecular Weight508.5515
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight508.227259852
IUPAC Name(1R,2S,8S,10S,11S,14R,15S,17S)-14-[2-(acetyloxy)acetyl]-1,8-difluoro-17-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-5-oxotetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadeca-3,6-dien-14-yl butanoate
Traditional Namedifluprednate
CAS Registry Number23674-86-4
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@](OC(=O)CCC)(C(=O)COC(C)=O)[C@@]1(C)C[C@H](O)[C@@]1(F)[C@@]2([H])C[C@H](F)C2=CC(=O)C=C[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H34F2O7/c1-5-6-23(34)36-26(22(33)14-35-15(2)30)10-8-17-18-12-20(28)19-11-16(31)7-9-24(19,3)27(18,29)21(32)13-25(17,26)4/h7,9,11,17-18,20-21,32H,5-6,8,10,12-14H2,1-4H3/t17-,18-,20-,21-,24-,25-,26-,27-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=WYQPLTPSGFELIB-JTQPXKBDSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivatives. These are steroids with a structure based on a hydroxylated prostane moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassPregnane steroids
Direct ParentGluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • Steroid ester
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • 11-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Halo-steroid
  • 6-halo-steroid
  • 9-halo-steroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-delta-1,4-steroid
  • Delta-1,4-steroid
  • Alpha-acyloxy ketone
  • Acetate salt
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Halohydrin
  • Fluorohydrin
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organofluoride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alkyl halide
  • Alkyl fluoride
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Corticosteroids
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Topical Anti-inflammatory Agent
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0097 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.28ALOGPS
logP3ChemAxon
logS-4.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.55ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area106.97 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity125.38 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability51.46 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06781
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06781
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB06781
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID391990
KEGG Compound IDC12695
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDifluprednate
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15676
Metagene LinkHMDB15676
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound443936
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID775700
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Morton KD, Van de Kar LD, Brownfield MS, Bethea CL: Neuronal cell bodies in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus mediate stress-induced renin and corticosterone secretion. Neuroendocrinology. 1989 Jul;50(1):73-80. [2666872 ]
  2. Korenfeld MS, Silverstein SM, Cooke DL, Vogel R, Crockett RS: Difluprednate ophthalmic emulsion 0.05% for postoperative inflammation and pain. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2009 Jan;35(1):26-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2008.09.024. [19101421 ]
  3. Jamal KN, Callanan DG: The role of difluprednate ophthalmic emulsion in clinical practice. Clin Ophthalmol. 2009;3:381-90. Epub 2009 Jun 29. [19668594 ]
  4. Epocrates [Link]