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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-11 17:30:46 UTC
Update Date2017-03-02 21:34:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB29500
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameKaempferol 3-glucuronide
DescriptionKaempferol 3-glucuronide is found in chicory. Kaempferol 3-glucuronide is isolated from the leaves of Euphorbia lathyris, Euphorbia cyparissias, Anemone alpina and Phaseolus vulgaris (kidney bean) and many other plants [CCD] Kaempferol 3-glucuronide belongs to the family of Flavonoid O-Glycosides. These are compounds containing a carbohydrate moiety which is o-glycosidically linked to one of the flavonoid backbones (2-phenylchromen-4-one, 3-phenylchromen-4-one or 4-phenylcoumarin).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Kaempferol 3-O-glucuronideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC21H18O12
Average Molecular Weight462.3604
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight462.07982604
IUPAC Name6-{[5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Name6-{[5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxochromen-3-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
CAS Registry Number22688-78-4
SMILES
OC1C(O)C(OC2=C(OC3=CC(O)=CC(O)=C3C2=O)C2=CC=C(O)C=C2)OC(C1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H18O12/c22-8-3-1-7(2-4-8)17-18(13(25)12-10(24)5-9(23)6-11(12)31-17)32-21-16(28)14(26)15(27)19(33-21)20(29)30/h1-6,14-16,19,21-24,26-28H,(H,29,30)
InChI KeyFNTJVYCFNVUBOL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as flavonoid-3-o-glucuronides. These are phenolic compounds containing a flavonoid moiety which is O-glycosidically linked to glucuronic acid at the C3-position.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
Sub ClassFlavonoids
Direct ParentFlavonoid-3-O-glucuronides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Flavonoid-3-o-glucuronide
  • Flavonoid-3-o-glycoside
  • 4'-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 5-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 7-hydroxyflavonoid
  • Flavone
  • Hydroxyflavonoid
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • O-glucuronide
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • Chromone
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Benzopyran
  • 1-benzopyran
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Pyranone
  • Phenol
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyran
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Acetal
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Waste products
Application
  • Nutrient
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point189 - 190.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.96 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.4ALOGPS
logP0.48ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.71ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area203.44 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity107.16 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability42.39 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000j-0170900000-1e4e727a77229b6993ebView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0090100000-404ced678a3392b5aa5cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00kr-2590000000-d78ceaa8baa9bf67cd33View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000j-0170900000-1e4e727a77229b6993ebView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0090100000-404ced678a3392b5aa5cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00kr-2590000000-d78ceaa8baa9bf67cd33View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03dr-1141900000-2de4c77a59276fcc79f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-2191200000-821a7aa34257929af469View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-000i-3490000000-03573ca62c35318e4268View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03dr-1141900000-2de4c77a59276fcc79f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-2191200000-821a7aa34257929af469View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-000i-3490000000-03573ca62c35318e4268View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
    Normal
    details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    Not Available
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease ReferencesNone
    Associated OMIM IDsNone
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound ID305
    Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
    FoodDB IDFDB000634
    KNApSAcK IDC00005141
    Chemspider ID11500908
    KEGG Compound IDNot Available
    BioCyc IDNot Available
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia LinkNot Available
    NuGOwiki LinkHMDB29500
    Metagene LinkHMDB29500
    METLIN IDNot Available
    PubChem Compound14185731
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI IDNot Available
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
    General References
    1. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .

    Enzymes

    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B4
    Uniprot ID:
    P06133
    Molecular weight:
    60512.035
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A4
    Uniprot ID:
    P22310
    Molecular weight:
    60024.535
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B7
    Uniprot ID:
    P16662
    Molecular weight:
    60720.15
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A1
    Uniprot ID:
    P22309
    Molecular weight:
    59590.91
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A9
    Uniprot ID:
    O60656
    Molecular weight:
    59940.495
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A6
    Uniprot ID:
    P19224
    Molecular weight:
    60750.215