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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-11 17:43:24 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:59:38 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB31456
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Methylpropan-2-ol
Description2-Methylpropan-2-ol is found in ginger. tert-Butanol, or 2-methyl-2-propanol (colourless liquid or white solid, depending on the ambient temperature), is the simplest tertiary alcohol. It is one of the four isomers of butanol. tert-Butanol is a clear liquid with a camphor-like odor. It is very soluble in water and miscible with ethanol and diethyl ether. It is unique among the isomers of butanol because it tends to be a solid at room temperature, with a melting point slightly above 25C. (Wikipedia) 2-Methylpropan-2-ol belongs to the family of Tertiary Alcohols. These are compounds in which a hydroxy group, -OH, is attached to a saturated carbon atom R3COH (R a H )[1]. (Reference: [1] IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook. (PAC, 1995, 67, 1307 (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1312)).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(CH3)3C-OHChEBI
1,1-DimethylethanolChEBI
t-ButanolChEBI
t-Butyl alchoholChEBI
t-ButylalkoholChEBI
Tert-butyl alcoholChEBI
TERTIARY-butyl alcoholChEBI
TrimethylcarbinolChEBI
TrimethylmethanolChEBI
2-Methyl N-propan-2-olHMDB
2-Methyl-2-propanolHMDB
Alcohol, tert-butylHMDB
DimethylethanolHMDB
t-Butyl alcoholHMDB
t-Butyl hydroxideHMDB
Tert-butanolHMDB
Tert-butyl hydroxideHMDB
Tert-butylalcoholHMDB
Trimethyl carbinolHMDB
Trimethyl methanolHMDB
Trimethyl-methanolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC4H10O
Average Molecular Weight74.1216
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight74.073164942
IUPAC Name2-methylpropan-2-ol
Traditional Name2-methyl-2-propanol
CAS Registry Number75-65-0
SMILES
CC(C)(C)O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H10O/c1-4(2,3)5/h5H,1-3H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=DKGAVHZHDRPRBM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tertiary alcohols. These are compounds in which a hydroxy group, -OH, is attached to a saturated carbon atom R3COH (R not H ).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassAlcohols and polyols
Sub ClassTertiary alcohols
Direct ParentTertiary alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
BiofunctionNot Available
Application
  • Drug
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point25.4 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1000 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP0.35Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility154.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.7ALOGPS
logP0.54ChemAxon
logS0.32ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.09ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity22.07 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability8.94 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB03900
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB006719
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID6146
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkTert-Butanol
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB31456
Metagene LinkHMDB31456
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6386
PDB IDTBU
ChEBI ID45895
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Nally J, Nazareno J, Polesuk J, Maulding HV: Alcoholysis of medicinally active 5-aminodibenzo(a,d)cycloheptenes. J Pharm Sci. 1975 Mar;64(3):437-40. [1151629 ]
  2. Simon LM, Laczko I, Demcsak A, Toth D, Kotorman M, Fulop L: The formation of amyloid-like fibrils of alpha-chymotrypsin in different aqueous organic solvents. Protein Pept Lett. 2012 May;19(5):544-50. [22185498 ]
  3. Duke, James A. (1992) Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in nucleic acid binding
Specific function:
Endonuclease that catalyzes the cleavage of RNA on the 3' side of pyrimidine nucleotides. Acts on single stranded and double stranded RNA
Gene Name:
RNASE1
Uniprot ID:
P07998
Molecular weight:
17644.1
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [10592235 ]
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
TPI1
Uniprot ID:
P60174
Molecular weight:
26669.33
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [10592235 ]
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calmodulin mediates the control of a large number of enzymes and other proteins by Ca(2+). Among the enzymes to be stimulated by the calmodulin-Ca(2+) complex are a number of protein kinases and phosphatases. Together with CEP110 and centrin, is involved in a genetic pathway that regulates the centrosome cycle and progression through cytokinesis
Gene Name:
CALM1
Uniprot ID:
P62158
Molecular weight:
16837.5
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
General function:
Involved in aminopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Removes the amino-terminal methionine from nascent proteins. The catalytic activity of human METAP2 toward Met-Val peptides is consistently two orders of magnitude higher than that of METAP1, suggesting that it is responsible for processing proteins containing N-terminal Met-Val and Met-Thr sequences in vivo
Gene Name:
METAP2
Uniprot ID:
P50579
Molecular weight:
52891.1
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]