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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-11 18:57:44 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 02:24:26 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB34168
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameToluene
DescriptionToluene is found in allspice. Toluene is isolated from distilled tolu balsam (Myroxylon balsamum). Minor constituent of lime oil (Citrus aurantifolia).Toluene, formerly known as toluol, is a clear, water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners. It is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent. (Wikipedia) Toluene has been shown to exhibit beta-oxidant, depressant, hepatoprotective, anesthetic and neurotransmitter functions (PMID 8706665 , 12753431 , 21343225 , 2345401 , 17145141 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
MethylbenzeneKegg
ToluolKegg
Methyl-benzeneHMDB
Methylbenzene, 9ciHMDB
MethylbenzolHMDB
Monomethyl benzeneHMDB
Phenyl-methaneHMDB
PhenylmethaneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC7H8
Average Molecular Weight92.1384
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight92.062600256
IUPAC Nametoluene
Traditional Nametoluene
CAS Registry Number108-88-3
SMILES
CC1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H8/c1-7-5-3-2-4-6-7/h2-6H,1H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as toluenes. These are compounds containing a benzene ring which bears a methane group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassToluenes
Direct ParentToluenes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Toluene
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Food
  • Toxin/Pollutant
Biofunction
  • Nutrient
  • anesthetic
  • beta-oxidant
  • depressant
  • hepatoprotective
  • neurotransmitter
Application
  • Drug
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-95 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.526 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP2.73Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.51 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.56ALOGPS
logP2.49ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity31.1 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability10.97 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0006-9000000000-93f195a62ea6129f7e07View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.00160 (0.00144-0.00177) uMAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal
    • National Health a...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.00119 (0.00106-0.00132) uMChildren (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal
    • National Health a...
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableChildren (1-13 years old)BothCeliac disease details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothBreast cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01900
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012454
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID1108
KEGG Compound IDC01455
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkToluene
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB34168
Metagene LinkHMDB34168
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound1140
PDB IDMBN
ChEBI ID17578
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Biegert T, Fuchs G, Heider J: Evidence that anaerobic oxidation of toluene in the denitrifying bacterium Thauera aromatica is initiated by formation of benzylsuccinate from toluene and fumarate. Eur J Biochem. 1996 Jun 15;238(3):661-8. [8706665 ]
  2. Hougaard KS, Hansen AM, Hass U, Lund SP: Toluene depresses plasma corticosterone in pregnant rats. Pharmacol Toxicol. 2003 Mar;92(3):148-52. [12753431 ]
  3. Tas U, Ogeturk M, Meydan S, Kus I, Kuloglu T, Ilhan N, Kose E, Sarsilmaz M: Hepatotoxic activity of toluene inhalation and protective role of melatonin. Toxicol Ind Health. 2011 Jun;27(5):465-73. doi: 10.1177/0748233710389853. Epub 2011 Feb 22. [21343225 ]
  4. Aono J, Takimoto E, Komatsu T, Takeda A, Ueda W, Hirakawa M: [Anesthetic care of a patient intoxicated with thinner]. Masui. 1990 Mar;39(3):388-90. [2345401 ]
  5. Win-Shwe TT, Mitsushima D, Nakajima D, Ahmed S, Yamamoto S, Tsukahara S, Kakeyama M, Goto S, Fujimaki H: Toluene induces rapid and reversible rise of hippocampal glutamate and taurine neurotransmitter levels in mice. Toxicol Lett. 2007 Jan 10;168(1):75-82. Epub 2006 Dec 4. [17145141 ]
  6. Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.