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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2013-06-15 17:24:02 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 17:21:58 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0060593
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB60593
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAlpha-dihydroartemisinin
DescriptionAlpha-dihydroartemisinin is a metabolite of artemisinin. Artemisinin, also known as Qinghaosu, and its derivatives are a group of drugs that possess the most rapid action of all current drugs against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Treatments containing an artemisinin derivative (artemisinin-combination therapies, ACTs) are now standard treatment worldwide for P. falciparum malaria. The starting compound artemisinin is isolated from the plant Artemisia annua, sweet wormwood, an herb employed in Chinese traditional medicine. (Wikipedia)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Dihydroquinghaosu, (3R-(3alpha,5abeta,6beta,8abeta,9alpha,10alpha,12alpha,12ar*))-isomerMeSH
Dihydroquinghaosu, (3R-(3alpha,5abeta,6beta,8abeta,9alpha,10beta,12alpha,12ar*))-isomerMeSH
DihydroartemisinineMeSH
DihydroqinghaosuMeSH
DihydroquinghaosuMeSH
DihydroartemisininMeSH
Chemical FormulaC15H24O5
Average Molecular Weight284.3481
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight284.162373878
IUPAC Name(4S,5R,8S,9R,10S,12R,13R)-1,5,9-trimethyl-11,14,15,16-tetraoxatetracyclo[10.3.1.0⁴,¹³.0⁸,¹³]hexadecan-10-ol
Traditional Nameartenimol
CAS Registry Number81496-81-3
SMILES
C[C@@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@@H](C)[C@@H](O)O[C@@H]3OC4(C)CC[C@@H]1[C@@]23OO4
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C15H24O5/c1-8-4-5-11-9(2)12(16)17-13-15(11)10(8)6-7-14(3,18-13)19-20-15/h8-13,16H,4-7H2,1-3H3/t8-,9-,10+,11+,12+,13-,14?,15-/m1/s1
InChI KeyBJDCWCLMFKKGEE-KXTPALSWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as artemisinins. These are sesquiterpenoids originally isolated from the herb Artemisia annua. Their structure is based on artemisinin, a tetracyclic compound that contains a 1,2-dioxepane fused to an octahydrobenzopyran moiety. The internal peroxide bridge is believed to be a key to the mode of action of artemisinins.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassSesquiterpenoids
Direct ParentArtemisinins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Artemisinin skeleton
  • Oxepane
  • 1,2,4-trioxane
  • Oxane
  • Dialkyl peroxide
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Acetal
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.16 g/LALOGPS
logP2.25ALOGPS
logP2.84ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.11ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.15 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity69.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability30.08 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05r0-5090000000-2c3d5f82fba0d14e9a07View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-009l-9044000000-2064a50503f409cfea9dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0090000000-957508038617389e634aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0090000000-2f125a25192ab9dac3ffView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00kf-9120000000-c175280a233f4849aab7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0019-0090000000-73c4d85a7f84863d34b5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0019-0090000000-03701af12b5b9b5f19d1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-2930000000-61834bfa8e89873f8831View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      details
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDNot Available
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider IDNot Available
      KEGG Compound IDNot Available
      BioCyc IDNot Available
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      METLIN IDNot Available
      PubChem Compound456410
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      References
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General References
      1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
      2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
      3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
      4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
      5. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.