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Record Information
Version4.0
Creation Date2013-06-15 17:24:02 UTC
Update Date2017-09-23 14:24:19 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0060593
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB60593
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAlpha-dihydroartemisinin
DescriptionAlpha-dihydroartemisinin is a metabolite of artemisinin. Artemisinin, also known as Qinghaosu, and its derivatives are a group of drugs that possess the most rapid action of all current drugs against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Treatments containing an artemisinin derivative (artemisinin-combination therapies, ACTs) are now standard treatment worldwide for P. falciparum malaria. The starting compound artemisinin is isolated from the plant Artemisia annua, sweet wormwood, an herb employed in Chinese traditional medicine. (Wikipedia)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Dihydroquinghaosu, (3R-(3alpha,5abeta,6beta,8abeta,9alpha,10alpha,12alpha,12ar*))-isomerMeSH
Dihydroquinghaosu, (3R-(3alpha,5abeta,6beta,8abeta,9alpha,10beta,12alpha,12ar*))-isomerMeSH
DihydroartemisinineMeSH
DihydroqinghaosuMeSH
DihydroquinghaosuMeSH
DihydroartemisininMeSH
Chemical FormulaC15H24O5
Average Molecular Weight284.3481
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight284.162373878
IUPAC Name(4S,5R,8S,9R,10S,12R,13R)-1,5,9-trimethyl-11,14,15,16-tetraoxatetracyclo[10.3.1.0⁴,¹³.0⁸,¹³]hexadecan-10-ol
Traditional Nameartenimol
CAS Registry Number81496-81-3
SMILES
C[C@@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@@H](C)[C@@H](O)O[C@@H]3OC4(C)CC[C@@H]1[C@@]23OO4
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C15H24O5/c1-8-4-5-11-9(2)12(16)17-13-15(11)10(8)6-7-14(3,18-13)19-20-15/h8-13,16H,4-7H2,1-3H3/t8-,9-,10+,11+,12+,13-,14?,15-/m1/s1
InChI KeyBJDCWCLMFKKGEE-KXTPALSWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as artemisinins. These are sesquiterpenoids originally isolated from the herb Artemisia annua. Their structure is based on artemisinin, a tetracyclic compound that contains a 1,2-dioxepane fused to an octahydrobenzopyran moiety. The internal peroxide bridge is believed to be a key to the mode of action of artemisinins.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassPrenol lipids
Direct ParentArtemisinins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Artemisinin skeleton
  • Oxepane
  • 1,2,4-trioxane
  • Oxane
  • Dialkyl peroxide
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Acetal
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Waste products
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.16 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.25ALOGPS
logP2.84ChemAxon
logS-1.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.11ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.15 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity69.91 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability30.08 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
No entries found
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      details
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00793
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDNot Available
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider IDNot Available
      KEGG Compound IDNot Available
      BioCyc IDNot Available
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0060593
      METLIN IDNot Available
      PubChem Compound456410
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      References
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General ReferencesNot Available