You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2013-07-09 16:17:55 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 08:18:25 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB61095
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name18-Hydroxyretinoic acid
Description18-Hydroxyretinoic acid is a metabolite of tretinoin. Tretinoin is the acid form of vitamin A and is also known as all-trans retinoic acid or ATRA. It is a drug commonly used to treat acne vulgaris and keratosis pilaris. It is available as a cream or gel (brand names Aberela, Airol, Renova, Atralin, Retin-A, Avita, Retacnyl, Refissa, or Stieva-A). It is also used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and is sold for this indication by Roche under the brand name Vesanoid. It is also available as a generic. (Wikipedia)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
18-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoateHMDB
18-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoic acidHMDB
rac-18-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoateHMDB
rac-18-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H28O3
Average Molecular Weight316.4345
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight316.203844762
IUPAC Name(2E,4E,6E,8E)-9-[2-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl]-3,7-dimethylnona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acid
Traditional Name(2E,4E,6E,8E)-9-[2-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl]-3,7-dimethylnona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
C\C(\C=C\C1=C(CO)CCCC1(C)C)=C/C=C/C(/C)=C/C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H28O3/c1-15(7-5-8-16(2)13-19(22)23)10-11-18-17(14-21)9-6-12-20(18,3)4/h5,7-8,10-11,13,21H,6,9,12,14H2,1-4H3,(H,22,23)/b8-5+,11-10+,15-7+,16-13+
InChI KeyInChIKey=XSJOIRFEYHJNAW-FCKHSPHMSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as retinoids. These are oxygenated derivatives of 3,7-dimethyl-1-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)nona-1,3,5,7-tetraene and derivatives thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassRetinoids
Direct ParentRetinoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Retinoid skeleton
  • Diterpenoid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
Biofunction
  • Waste products
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0085 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.79ALOGPS
logP3.73ChemAxon
logS-4.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity99.57 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability37.47 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Retinol MetabolismSMP00074map00830
Vitamin A DeficiencySMP00336Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00453
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC16679
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB61095
Metagene LinkHMDB61095
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6506224
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available