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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP00782
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 6062
  • HMDBP03826
Name Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B
Synonyms
  1. Alcohol dehydrogenase subunit beta
Gene Name ADH1B
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific Function Not Available
Pathways
  • Celecoxib Action Pathway
  • Celecoxib Metabolism Pathway
  • Chemical carcinogenesis
  • Disulfiram Action Pathway
  • Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
  • Ethanol Degradation
  • fatty acid metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
  • Retinol metabolism
  • Tyrosine metabolism
Reactions
An alcohol + NAD → an aldehyde or ketone + NADH details
Primary alcohol + NAD → Aldehyde + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Ethanol + NAD → Acetaldehyde + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Vitamin A + NAD → Retinal + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylglycol + NAD → 3,4-Dihydroxymandelaldehyde + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Chloral hydrate + NADH + Hydrogen Ion → 2,2,2-Trichloroethanol + NAD + Water details
Aldophosphamide + NADH + Hydrogen Ion → Alcophosphamide + NAD details
2-Phenyl-1,3-propanediol monocarbamate + NAD → 3-Carbamoyl-2-phenylpropionaldehyde + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
4-Hydroxy-5-phenyltetrahydro-1,3-oxazin-2-one + NAD → 5-Phenyl-1,3-oxazinane-2,4-dione + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
GO Classification
Biological Process
xenobiotic metabolic process
ethanol oxidation
Cellular Component
cytosol
Function
ion binding
cation binding
metal ion binding
binding
catalytic activity
transition metal ion binding
zinc ion binding
oxidoreductase activity
Molecular Function
alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependent
metal ion binding
zinc ion binding
nucleotide binding
Process
metabolic process
oxidation reduction
Cellular Location
  1. Cytoplasm
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 4
Locus 4q23
SNPs ADH1B
Gene Sequence
>1128 bp
ATGAGCACAGCAGGAAAAGTAATCAAATGCAAAGCAGCTGTGCTATGGGAGGTAAAGAAA
CCCTTTTCCATTGAGGATGTGGAGGTTGCACCTCCTAAGGCTTATGAAGTTCGCATTAAG
ATGGTGGCTGTAGGAATCTGTCACACAGATGACCACGTGGTTAGTGGCAACCTGGTGACC
CCCCTTCCTGTGATTTTAGGCCATGAGGCAGCCGGCATCGTGGAGAGTGTTGGAGAAGGG
GTGACTACAGTCAAACCAGGTGATAAAGTCATCCCGCTCTTTACTCCTCAGTGTGGAAAA
TGCAGAGTTTGTAAAAACCCGGAGAGCAACTACTGCTTGAAAAATGATCTAGGCAATCCT
CGGGGGACCCTGCAGGATGGCACCAGGAGGTTCACCTGCAGGGGGAAGCCCATTCACCAC
TTCCTTGGCACCAGCACCTTCTCCCAGTACACGGTGGTGGATGAGAATGCAGTGGCCAAA
ATTGATGCAGCCTCGCCCCTGGAGAAAGTCTGCCTCATTGGCTGTGGATTCTCGACTGGT
TATGGGTCTGCAGTTAACGTTGCCAAGGTCACCCCAGGCTCTACCTGTGCTGTGTTTGGC
CTGGGAGGGGTCGGCCTATCTGCTGTTATGGGCTGTAAAGCAGCTGGAGCAGCCAGAATC
ATTGCGGTGGACATCAACAAGGACAAATTTGCAAAGGCCAAAGAGTTGGGTGCCACTGAA
TGCATCAACCCTCAAGACTACAAGAAACCCATTCAGGAAGTGCTAAAGGAAATGACTGAT
GGAGGTGTGGATTTTTCGTTTGAAGTCATCGGTCGGCTTGACACCATGATGGCTTCCCTG
TTATGTTGTCATGAGGCATGTGGCACAAGCGTCATCGTAGGGGTACCTCCTGCTTCCCAG
AACCTCTCAATAAACCCTATGCTGCTACTGACTGGACGCACCTGGAAGGGGGCTGTTTAT
GGTGGCTTTAAGAGTAAAGAAGGTATCCCAAAACTTGTGGCTGATTTTATGGCTAAGAAG
TTTTCACTGGATGCGTTAATAACCCATGTTTTACCTTTTGAAAAAATAAATGAAGGATTT
GACCTGCTTCACTCTGGGAAAAGTATCCGTACCGTCCTGACGTTTTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 375
Molecular Weight 39835.17
Theoretical pI 8.195
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B
MSTAGKVIKCKAAVLWEVKKPFSIEDVEVAPPKAYEVRIKMVAVGICRTDDHVVSGNLVT
PLPVILGHEAAGIVESVGEGVTTVKPGDKVIPLFTPQCGKCRVCKNPESNYCLKNDLGNP
RGTLQDGTRRFTCRGKPIHHFLGTSTFSQYTVVDENAVAKIDAASPLEKVCLIGCGFSTG
YGSAVNVAKVTPGSTCAVFGLGGVGLSAVMGCKAAGAARIIAVDINKDKFAKAKELGATE
CINPQDYKKPIQEVLKEMTDGGVDFSFEVIGRLDTMMASLLCCHEACGTSVIVGVPPASQ
NLSINPMLLLTGRTWKGAVYGGFKSKEGIPKLVADFMAKKFSLDALITHVLPFEKINEGF
DLLHSGKSIRTVLTF
GenBank ID Protein 34577061
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P00325
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name ADH1B_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID NM_000668.4
GeneCard ID ADH1B
GenAtlas ID ADH1B
HGNC ID HGNC:250
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Ikuta T, Fujiyoshi T, Kurachi K, Yoshida A: Molecular cloning of a full-length cDNA for human alcohol dehydrogenase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 May;82(9):2703-7. [PubMed:2986130 ]
  3. Heden LO, Hoog JO, Larsson K, Lake M, Lagerholm E, Holmgren A, Vallee BL, Jornvall H, von Bahr-Lindstrom H: cDNA clones coding for the beta-subunit of human liver alcohol dehydrogenase have differently sized 3'-non-coding regions. FEBS Lett. 1986 Jan 6;194(2):327-32. [PubMed:3000832 ]
  4. Duester G, Smith M, Bilanchone V, Hatfield GW: Molecular analysis of the human class I alcohol dehydrogenase gene family and nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding the beta subunit. J Biol Chem. 1986 Feb 15;261(5):2027-33. [PubMed:2935533 ]
  5. Ikuta T, Szeto S, Yoshida A: Three human alcohol dehydrogenase subunits: cDNA structure and molecular and evolutionary divergence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Feb;83(3):634-8. [PubMed:2935875 ]
  6. Carr LG, Xu Y, Ho WH, Edenberg HJ: Nucleotide sequence of the ADH2(3) gene encoding the human alcohol dehydrogenase beta 3 subunit. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1989 Aug;13(4):594-6. [PubMed:2679216 ]
  7. Matsuo Y, Yokoyama R, Yokoyama S: The genes for human alcohol dehydrogenases beta 1 and beta 2 differ by only one nucleotide. Eur J Biochem. 1989 Aug 1;183(2):317-20. [PubMed:2547609 ]
  8. Hempel J, Buhler R, Kaiser R, Holmquist B, de Zalenski C, von Wartburg JP, Vallee B, Jornvall H: Human liver alcohol dehydrogenase. 1. The primary structure of the beta 1 beta 1 isoenzyme. Eur J Biochem. 1984 Dec 17;145(3):437-45. [PubMed:6391920 ]
  9. Xu YL, Carr LG, Bosron WF, Li TK, Edenberg HJ: Genotyping of human alcohol dehydrogenases at the ADH2 and ADH3 loci following DNA sequence amplification. Genomics. 1988 Apr;2(3):209-14. [PubMed:3397059 ]
  10. Jornvall H, Hempel J, Vallee BL, Bosron WF, Li TK: Human liver alcohol dehydrogenase: amino acid substitution in the beta 2 beta 2 Oriental isozyme explains functional properties, establishes an active site structure, and parallels mutational exchanges in the yeast enzyme. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984 May;81(10):3024-8. [PubMed:6374651 ]
  11. Burnell JC, Carr LG, Dwulet FE, Edenberg HJ, Li TK, Bosron WF: The human beta 3 alcohol dehydrogenase subunit differs from beta 1 by a Cys for Arg-369 substitution which decreases NAD(H) binding. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 Aug 14;146(3):1127-33. [PubMed:3619918 ]
  12. Hurley TD, Bosron WF, Hamilton JA, Amzel LM: Structure of human beta 1 beta 1 alcohol dehydrogenase: catalytic effects of non-active-site substitutions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Sep 15;88(18):8149-53. [PubMed:1896463 ]
  13. Hurley TD, Bosron WF, Stone CL, Amzel LM: Structures of three human beta alcohol dehydrogenase variants. Correlations with their functional differences. J Mol Biol. 1994 Jun 10;239(3):415-29. [PubMed:8201622 ]
  14. Davis GJ, Bosron WF, Stone CL, Owusu-Dekyi K, Hurley TD: X-ray structure of human beta3beta3 alcohol dehydrogenase. The contribution of ionic interactions to coenzyme binding. J Biol Chem. 1996 Jul 19;271(29):17057-61. [PubMed:8663387 ]
  15. Niederhut MS, Gibbons BJ, Perez-Miller S, Hurley TD: Three-dimensional structures of the three human class I alcohol dehydrogenases. Protein Sci. 2001 Apr;10(4):697-706. [PubMed:11274460 ]
  16. Borras E, Coutelle C, Rosell A, Fernandez-Muixi F, Broch M, Crosas B, Hjelmqvist L, Lorenzo A, Gutierrez C, Santos M, Szczepanek M, Heilig M, Quattrocchi P, Farres J, Vidal F, Richart C, Mach T, Bogdal J, Jornvall H, Seitz HK, Couzigou P, Pares X: Genetic polymorphism of alcohol dehydrogenase in europeans: the ADH2*2 allele decreases the risk for alcoholism and is associated with ADH3*1. Hepatology. 2000 Apr;31(4):984-9. [PubMed:10733556 ]