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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP00922
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 6210
  • HMDBP04975
Name D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
Synonyms
  1. 3-PGDH
Gene Name PHGDH
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase activity
Specific Function Not Available
Pathways
  • 3-Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency
  • Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Deficiency (DHPD)
  • Dimethylglycine Dehydrogenase Deficiency
  • Dimethylglycine Dehydrogenase Deficiency
  • Glycine and Serine Metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Hyperglycinemia, non-ketotic
  • L-serine biosynthesis
  • Non Ketotic Hyperglycinemia
  • Sarcosinemia
Reactions
3-Phosphoglyceric acid + NAD → Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + NADH details
2-Hydroxyglutarate + NAD → Oxoglutaric acid + NADH details
3-Phosphoglyceric acid + NAD → Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
GO Classification
Biological Process
cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process
brain development
L-serine biosynthetic process
Cellular Component
cytosol
Function
binding
nucleotide binding
catalytic activity
nad or nadh binding
phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase activity
oxidoreductase activity, acting on the ch-oh group of donors, nad or nadp as acceptor
cofactor binding
oxidoreductase activity, acting on ch-oh group of donors
oxidoreductase activity
Molecular Function
electron carrier activity
NAD binding
phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase activity
Process
metabolic process
cellular metabolic process
serine family amino acid metabolic process
oxidation reduction
l-serine metabolic process
cellular amino acid and derivative metabolic process
cellular amino acid metabolic process
l-serine biosynthetic process
Cellular Location Not Available
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 1
Locus 1p12
SNPs PHGDH
Gene Sequence
>1602 bp
ATGGCTTTTGCAAATCTGCGGAAAGTGCTCATCAGTGACAGCCTGGACCCTTGCTGCCGG
AAGATCTTGCAAGAGGGAGGGCTGCAGGTGGTGGAAAAGCAGAACCTTAGCAAAGAGGAG
CTGATAGCGGAGCTGCAGGACTGTGAAGGCCTTATTGTTCGCTCTGCCACCAAGGTGACC
GCTGATGTCATCAACGCAGCTGAGAAACTCCAGGTGGTGGGCAGGGCTGGCACAGGTGTG
GACAATGTGGATCTGGAGGCCGCAACAAGGAAGGGCATCTTGGTTATGAACACCCCCAAT
GGGAACAGCCTCAGTGCCGCAGAACTCACTTGTGGAATGATCATGTGCCTGGCCAGGCAG
ATTCCCCAGGCGACGGCTTCGATGAAGGACGGCAAATGGGAGCGGAAGAAGTTCATGGGA
ACAGAGCTGAATGGAAAGACCCTGGGAATTCTTGGCCTGGGCAGGATTGGGAGAGAGGTA
GCTACCCGGATGCAGTCCTTTGGGATGAAGACTATAGGGTATGACCCCATCATTTCCCCA
GAGGTCTCGGCCTCCTTTGGTGTTCAGCAGCTGCCCCTGGAGGAGATCTGGCCTCTCTGT
GATTTCATCACTGTGCACACTCCTCTCCTGCCCTCCACGACAGGCTTGCTGAATGACAAC
ACCTTTGCCCAGTGCAAGAAGGGGGTGCGTGTGGTGAACTGTGCCCGTGGAGGGATCGTG
GACGAAGGCGCCCTGCTCCGGGCCCTGCAGTCTGGCCAGTGTGCCGGGGCTGCACTGGAC
GTGTTTACGGAAGAGCCGCCACGGGACCGGGCCTTGGTGGACCATGAGAATGTCATCAGC
TGTCCCCACCTGGGTGCCAGCACCAAGGAGGCTCAGAGCCGCTGTGGGGAGGAAATTGCT
GTTCAGTTCGTGGACATGGTGAAGGGGAAATCTCTCACGGGGGTTGTGAATGCCCAGGCC
CTTACCAGTGCCTTCTCTCCACACACCAAGCCTTGGATTGGTCTGGCAGAAGCTCTGGGG
ACACTGATGCGAGCCTGGGCTGGGTCCCCCAAAGGGACCATCCAGGTGATAACACAGGGA
ACATCCCTGAAGAATGCTGGGAACTGCCTAAGCCCCGCAGTCATTGTCGGCCTCCTGAAA
GAGGCTTCCAAGCAGGCGGATGTGAACTTGGTGAACGCTAAGCTGCTGGTGAAAGAGGCT
GGCCTCAATGTCACCACCTCCCACAGCCCTGCTGCACCAGGGGAGCAAGGCTTCGGGGAA
TGCCTCCTGGCCGTGGCCCTGGCAGGCGCCCCTTACCAGGCTGTGGGCTTGGTCCAAGGC
ACTACACCTGTACTGCAGGGGCTCAATGGAGCTGTCTTCAGGCCAGAAGTGCCTCTCCGC
AGGGACCTGCCCCTGCTCCTATTCCGGACTCAGACCTCTGACCCTGCAATGCTGCCTACC
ATGATTGGCCTCCTGGCAGAGGCAGGCGTGCGGCTGCTGTCCTACCAGACTTCACTGGTG
TCAGATGGGGAGACCTGGCACGTCATGGGCATCTCCTCCTTGCTGCCCAGCCTGGAAGCG
TGGAAGCAGCATGTGACTGAAGCCTTCCAGTTCCACTTCTAA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 533
Molecular Weight 56650.03
Theoretical pI 6.715
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
MAFANLRKVLISDSLDPCCRKILQDGGLQVVEKQNLSKEELIAELQDCEGLIVRSATKVT
ADVINAAEKLQVVGRAGTGVDNVDLEAATRKGILVMNTPNGNSLSAAELTCGMIMCLARQ
IPQATASMKDGKWERKKFMGTELNGKTLGILGLGRIGREVATRMQSFGMKTIGYDPIISP
EVSASFGVQQLPLEEIWPLCDFITVHTPLLPSTTGLLNDNTFAQCKKGVRVVNCARGGIV
DEGALLRALQSGQCAGAALDVFTEEPPRDRALVDHENVISCPHLGASTKEAQSRCGEEIA
VQFVDMVKGKSLTGVVNAQALTSAFSPHTKPWIGLAEALGTLMRAWAGSPKGTIQVITQG
TSLKNAGNCLSPAVIVGLLKEASKQADVNLVNAKLLVKEAGLNVTTSHSPAAPGEQGFGE
CLLAVALAGAPYQAVGLVQGTTPVLQGLNGAVFRPEVPLRRDLPLLLFRTQTSDPAMLPT
MIGLLAEAGVRLLSYQTSLVSDGETWHVMGISSLLPSLEAWKQHVTEAFQFHF
GenBank ID Protein 2674062
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID O43175
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name SERA_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID AF006043
GeneCard ID PHGDH
GenAtlas ID PHGDH
HGNC ID HGNC:8923
References
General References
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  4. Dephoure N, Zhou C, Villen J, Beausoleil SA, Bakalarski CE, Elledge SJ, Gygi SP: A quantitative atlas of mitotic phosphorylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 5;105(31):10762-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805139105. Epub 2008 Jul 31. [PubMed:18669648 ]
  5. Cho HM, Jun DY, Bae MA, Ahn JD, Kim YH: Nucleotide sequence and differential expression of the human 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase gene. Gene. 2000 Mar 7;245(1):193-201. [PubMed:10713460 ]
  6. Klomp LW, de Koning TJ, Malingre HE, van Beurden EA, Brink M, Opdam FL, Duran M, Jaeken J, Pineda M, Van Maldergem L, Poll-The BT, van den Berg IE, Berger R: Molecular characterization of 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency--a neurometabolic disorder associated with reduced L-serine biosynthesis. Am J Hum Genet. 2000 Dec;67(6):1389-99. Epub 2000 Oct 27. [PubMed:11055895 ]
  7. Pind S, Slominski E, Mauthe J, Pearlman K, Swoboda KJ, Wilkins JA, Sauder P, Natowicz MR: V490M, a common mutation in 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency, causes enzyme deficiency by decreasing the yield of mature enzyme. J Biol Chem. 2002 Mar 1;277(9):7136-43. Epub 2001 Dec 20. [PubMed:11751922 ]
  8. Al-Dhaheri MH, Shah YM, Basrur V, Pind S, Rowan BG: Identification of novel proteins induced by estradiol, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and acolbifene in T47D breast cancer cells. Steroids. 2006 Nov;71(11-12):966-78. Epub 2006 Sep 1. [PubMed:16949628 ]
  9. Jun DY, Park HS, Lee JY, Baek JY, Park HK, Fukui K, Kim YH: Positive regulation of promoter activity of human 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) gene is mediated by transcription factors Sp1 and NF-Y. Gene. 2008 May 15;414(1-2):106-14. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2008.02.018. Epub 2008 Mar 4. [PubMed:18378410 ]
  10. Tabatabaie L, de Koning TJ, Geboers AJ, van den Berg IE, Berger R, Klomp LW: Novel mutations in 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) are distributed throughout the protein and result in altered enzyme kinetics. Hum Mutat. 2009 May;30(5):749-56. doi: 10.1002/humu.20934. [PubMed:19235232 ]