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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP01582
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 6878
  • HMDBP06135
Name Catalase
Synonyms Not Available
Gene Name CAT
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in catalase activity
Specific Function Occurs in almost all aerobically respiring organisms and serves to protect cells from the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide. Promotes growth of cells including T-cells, B-cells, myeloid leukemia cells, melanoma cells, mastocytoma cells and normal and transformed fibroblast cells.
Pathways
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Degradation of Superoxides
  • Disulfiram Action Pathway
  • Ethanol Degradation
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Peroxisome
  • Tryptophan Metabolism
  • Tryptophan metabolism
Reactions
Hydrogen peroxide → Oxygen + Water details
Methanol + Hydrogen peroxide → Formaldehyde + Water details
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + Oxygen → Cinnavalininate + Superoxide + Hydrogen peroxide + Hydrogen Ion details
GO Classification
Biological Process
purine nucleobase metabolic process
purine nucleotide catabolic process
negative regulation of apoptotic process
cholesterol metabolic process
negative regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity
protein homotetramerization
aerobic respiration
cellular response to growth factor stimulus
hemoglobin metabolic process
hydrogen peroxide catabolic process
menopause
positive regulation of cell division
positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity
positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase cascade
response to hyperoxia
triglyceride metabolic process
UV protection
response to hypoxia
response to vitamin E
Cellular Component
cytosol
endoplasmic reticulum
plasma membrane
Golgi apparatus
lysosome
peroxisomal matrix
peroxisomal membrane
mitochondrial intermembrane space
Function
peroxidase activity
ion binding
cation binding
metal ion binding
binding
transition metal ion binding
iron ion binding
antioxidant activity
heme binding
catalase activity
Molecular Function
metal ion binding
NADP binding
heme binding
protein homodimerization activity
aminoacylase activity
catalase activity
Process
response to stimulus
response to stress
response to oxidative stress
metabolic process
oxidation reduction
Cellular Location
  1. Peroxisome
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 11
Locus 11p13
SNPs CAT
Gene Sequence
>1584 bp
ATGGCTGACAGCCGGGATCCCGCCAGCGACCAGATGCAGCACTGGAAGGAGCAGCGGGCC
GCGCAGAAAGCTGATGTCCTGACCACTGGAGCTGGTAACCCAGTAGGAGACAAACTTAAT
GTTATTACAGTAGGGCCCCGTGGGCCCCTTCTTGTTCAGGATGTGGTTTTCACTGATGAA
ATGGCTCATTTTGACCGAGAGAGAATTCCTGAGAGAGTTGTGCATGCTAAAGGAGCAGGG
GCCTTTGGCTACTTTGAGGTCACACATGACATTACCAAATACTCCAAGGCAAAGGTATTT
GAGCATATTGGAAAGAAGACTCCCATCGCAGTTCGGTTCTCCACTGTTGCTGGAGAATCG
GGTTCAGCTGACACAGTTCGGGACCCTCGTGGGTTTGCAGTGAAATTTTACACAGAAGAT
GGTAACTGGGATCTCGTTGGAAATAACACCCCCATTTTCTTCATCAGGGATCCCATATTG
TTTCCATCTTTTATCCACAGCCAAAAGAGAAATCCTCAGACACATCTGAAGGATCCGGAC
ATGGTCTGGGACTTCTGGAGCCTACGTCCTGAGTCTCTGCATCAGGTTTCTTTCTTGTTC
AGTGATCGGGGGATTCCAGATGGACATCGCCACATGAATGGATATGGATCACATACTTTC
AAGCTGGTTAATGCAAATGGGGAGGCAGTTTATTGCAAATTCCATTATAAGACTGACCAG
GGCATCAAAAACCTTTCTGTTGAAGATGCGGCGAGACTTTCCCAGGAAGATCCTGACTAT
GGCATCCGGGATCTTTTTAACGCCATTGCCACAGGAAAGTACCCCTCCTGGACTTTTTAC
ATCCAGGTCATGACATTTAATCAGGCAGAAACTTTTCCATTTAATCCATTCGATCTCACC
AAGGTTTGGCCTCACAAGGACTACCCTCTCATCCCAGTTGGTAAACTGGTCTTAAACCGG
AATCCAGTTAATTACTTTGCTGAGGTTGAACAGATAGCCTTCGACCCAAGCAACATGCCA
CCTGGCATTGAGGCCAGTCCTGACAAAATGCTTCAGGGCCGCCTTTTTGCCTATCCTGAC
ACTCACCGCCATCGCCTGGGACCCAATTATCTTCATATACCTGTGAACTGTCCCTACCGT
GCTCGAGTGGCCAACTACCAGCGTGATGGCCCGATGTGCATGCAGGACAATCAGGGTGGT
GCTCCAAATTACTACCCCAACAGCTTTGGTGCTCCGGAACAACAGCCTTCTGCCCTGGAG
CACAGCATCCAATATTCTGGAGAAGTGCGGAGATTCAACACTGCCAATGATGATAACGTT
ACTCAGGTGCGGGCATTCTATGTGAACGTGCTGAATGAGGAACAGAGGAAACGTCTGTGT
GAGAACATTGCCGGCCACCTGAAGGATGCACAAATTTTCATCCAGAAGAAAGCGGTCAAG
AACTTCACTGAGGTCCACCCTGACTACGGGAGCCACATCCAGGCTCTTCTGGACAAGTAC
AATGCTGAGAAGCCTAAGAATGCGATTCACACCTTTGTGCAGTCCGGATCTCACTTGGCG
GCAAGGGAGAAGGCAAATCTGTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 527
Molecular Weight 59755.82
Theoretical pI 7.384
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Catalase
MADSRDPASDQMQHWKEQRAAQKADVLTTGAGNPVGDKLNVITVGPRGPLLVQDVVFTDE
MAHFDRERIPERVVHAKGAGAFGYFEVTHDITKYSKAKVFEHIGKKTPIAVRFSTVAGES
GSADTVRDPRGFAVKFYTEDGNWDLVGNNTPIFFIRDPILFPSFIHSQKRNPQTHLKDPD
MVWDFWSLRPESLHQVSFLFSDRGIPDGHRHMNGYGSHTFKLVNANGEAVYCKFHYKTDQ
GIKNLSVEDAARLSQEDPDYGIRDLFNAIATGKYPSWTFYIQVMTFNQAETFPFNPFDLT
KVWPHKDYPLIPVGKLVLNRNPVNYFAEVEQIAFDPSNMPPGIEASPDKMLQGRLFAYPD
THRHRLGPNYLHIPVNCPYRARVANYQRDGPMCMQDNQGGAPNYYPNSFGAPEQQPSALE
HSIQYSGEVRRFNTANDDNVTQVRAFYVNVLNEEQRKRLCENIAGHLKDAQIFIQKKAVK
NFTEVHPDYGSHIQALLDKYNAEKPKNAIHTFVQSGSHLAAREKANL
GenBank ID Protein 29721
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P04040
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name CATA_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID X04076
GeneCard ID CAT
GenAtlas ID CAT
HGNC ID HGNC:1516
References
General References
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  6. Quan F, Korneluk RG, Tropak MB, Gravel RA: Isolation and characterization of the human catalase gene. Nucleic Acids Res. 1986 Jul 11;14(13):5321-35. [PubMed:3755525 ]
  7. Bell GI, Najarian RC, Mullenbach GT, Hallewell RA: cDNA sequence coding for human kidney catalase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1986 Jul 11;14(13):5561-2. [PubMed:3755526 ]
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  9. Yoo JH, Erzurum SC, Hay JG, Lemarchand P, Crystal RG: Vulnerability of the human airway epithelium to hyperoxia. Constitutive expression of the catalase gene in human bronchial epithelial cells despite oxidant stress. J Clin Invest. 1994 Jan;93(1):297-302. [PubMed:8282800 ]
  10. Takeuchi A, Miyamoto T, Yamaji K, Masuho Y, Hayashi M, Hayashi H, Onozaki K: A human erythrocyte-derived growth-promoting factor with a wide target cell spectrum: identification as catalase. Cancer Res. 1995 Apr 1;55(7):1586-9. [PubMed:7882369 ]
  11. Korneluk RG, Quan F, Lewis WH, Guise KS, Willard HF, Holmes MT, Gravel RA: Isolation of human fibroblast catalase cDNA clones. Sequence of clones derived from spliced and unspliced mRNA. J Biol Chem. 1984 Nov 25;259(22):13819-23. [PubMed:6548744 ]
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  13. Putnam CD, Arvai AS, Bourne Y, Tainer JA: Active and inhibited human catalase structures: ligand and NADPH binding and catalytic mechanism. J Mol Biol. 2000 Feb 11;296(1):295-309. [PubMed:10656833 ]
  14. Safo MK, Musayev FN, Wu SH, Abraham DJ, Ko TP: Structure of tetragonal crystals of human erythrocyte catalase. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2001 Jan;57(Pt 1):1-7. [PubMed:11134921 ]