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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP01788
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 7141
Name Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2
Synonyms
  1. GX
  2. Small G protein
  3. p21-Rac2
Gene Name RAC2
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in GTP binding
Specific Function Plasma membrane-associated small GTPase which cycles between an active GTP-bound and inactive GDP-bound state. In active state binds to a variety of effector proteins to regulate cellular responses, such as secretory processes, phagocytose of apoptotic cells and epithelial cell polarization. Augments the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by NADPH oxidase
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Component
cell part
intracellular
Function
purine nucleotide binding
binding
nucleotide binding
guanyl nucleotide binding
guanyl ribonucleotide binding
gtp binding
Process
biological regulation
regulation of biological process
regulation of cellular process
signal transduction
intracellular signal transduction
small gtpase mediated signal transduction
Cellular Location
  1. Cytoplasm
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:2
Locus 22q13.1
SNPs RAC2
Gene Sequence
>579 bp
ATGCAGGCCATCAAGTGTGTGGTGGTGGGAGATGGGGCCGTGGGCAAGACCTGCCTTCTC
ATCAGCTACACCACCAACGCCTTTCCCGGAGAGTACATCCCCACCGTGTTTGACAACTAT
TCAGCCAATGTGATGGTGGACAGCAAGCCAGTGAACCTGGGGCTGTGGGACACTGCTGGG
CAGGAGGACTACGACCGTCTCCGGCCGCTCTCCTATCCACAGACGGACGTCTTCCTCATC
TGCTTCTCCCTCGTCAGCCCAGCCTCTTATGAGAACGTCCGCGCCAAGTGGTTCCCAGAA
GTGCGGCACCACTGCCCCAGCACACCCATCATCCTGGTGGGCACCAAGCTGGACCTGCGG
GACGACAAGGACACCATCGAGAAACTGAAGGAGAAGAAGCTGGCTCCCATCACCTACCCG
CAGGGCCTGGCACTGGCCAAGGAGATTGACTCGGTGAAATACCTGGAGTGCTCAGCCCTC
ACCCAGAGAGGCCTGAAAACCGTGTTCGACGAGGCCATCCGGGCCGTGCTGTGCCCTCAG
CCCACGCGGCAGCAGAAGCGCGCCTGCAGCCTCCTCTAG
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 192
Molecular Weight 21428.6
Theoretical pI 7.7
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • None
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2
MQAIKCVVVGDGAVGKTCLLISYTTNAFPGEYIPTVFDNYSANVMVDSKPVNLGLWDTAG
QEDYDRLRPLSYPQTDVFLICFSLVSPASYENVRAKWFPEVRHHCPSTPIILVGTKLDLR
DDKDTIEKLKEKKLAPITYPQGLALAKEIDSVKYLECSALTQRGLKTVFDEAIRAVLCPQ
PTRQQKRACSLL
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P15153
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name RAC2_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID M29871
GeneCard ID RAC2
GenAtlas ID RAC2
HGNC ID HGNC:9802
References
General References
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  2. Choudhary C, Kumar C, Gnad F, Nielsen ML, Rehman M, Walther TC, Olsen JV, Mann M: Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions. Science. 2009 Aug 14;325(5942):834-40. doi: 10.1126/science.1175371. Epub 2009 Jul 16. [PubMed:19608861 ]
  3. Dunham I, Shimizu N, Roe BA, Chissoe S, Hunt AR, Collins JE, Bruskiewich R, Beare DM, Clamp M, Smink LJ, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Babbage A, Bagguley C, Bailey J, Barlow K, Bates KN, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bridgeman AM, Buck D, Burgess J, Burrill WD, O'Brien KP, et al.: The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22. Nature. 1999 Dec 2;402(6761):489-95. [PubMed:10591208 ]
  4. Sjoblom T, Jones S, Wood LD, Parsons DW, Lin J, Barber TD, Mandelker D, Leary RJ, Ptak J, Silliman N, Szabo S, Buckhaults P, Farrell C, Meeh P, Markowitz SD, Willis J, Dawson D, Willson JK, Gazdar AF, Hartigan J, Wu L, Liu C, Parmigiani G, Park BH, Bachman KE, Papadopoulos N, Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, Velculescu VE: The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers. Science. 2006 Oct 13;314(5797):268-74. Epub 2006 Sep 7. [PubMed:16959974 ]
  5. Collins JE, Wright CL, Edwards CA, Davis MP, Grinham JA, Cole CG, Goward ME, Aguado B, Mallya M, Mokrab Y, Huckle EJ, Beare DM, Dunham I: A genome annotation-driven approach to cloning the human ORFeome. Genome Biol. 2004;5(10):R84. Epub 2004 Sep 30. [PubMed:15461802 ]
  6. Didsbury J, Weber RF, Bokoch GM, Evans T, Snyderman R: rac, a novel ras-related family of proteins that are botulinum toxin substrates. J Biol Chem. 1989 Oct 5;264(28):16378-82. [PubMed:2674130 ]
  7. Kinsella BT, Erdman RA, Maltese WA: Carboxyl-terminal isoprenylation of ras-related GTP-binding proteins encoded by rac1, rac2, and ralA. J Biol Chem. 1991 May 25;266(15):9786-94. [PubMed:1903399 ]
  8. Nishihara H, Kobayashi S, Hashimoto Y, Ohba F, Mochizuki N, Kurata T, Nagashima K, Matsuda M: Non-adherent cell-specific expression of DOCK2, a member of the human CDM-family proteins. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Nov 11;1452(2):179-87. [PubMed:10559471 ]
  9. Kwong CH, Malech HL, Rotrosen D, Leto TL: Regulation of the human neutrophil NADPH oxidase by rho-related G-proteins. Biochemistry. 1993 Jun 1;32(21):5711-7. [PubMed:8504089 ]
  10. Scheffzek K, Stephan I, Jensen ON, Illenberger D, Gierschik P: The Rac-RhoGDI complex and the structural basis for the regulation of Rho proteins by RhoGDI. Nat Struct Biol. 2000 Feb;7(2):122-6. [PubMed:10655614 ]
  11. Mizuno T, Kaibuchi K, Ando S, Musha T, Hiraoka K, Takaishi K, Asada M, Nunoi H, Matsuda I, Takai Y: Regulation of the superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase by a small GTP-binding protein and its stimulatory and inhibitory GDP/GTP exchange proteins. J Biol Chem. 1992 May 25;267(15):10215-8. [PubMed:1316893 ]
  12. Knaus UG, Heyworth PG, Evans T, Curnutte JT, Bokoch GM: Regulation of phagocyte oxygen radical production by the GTP-binding protein Rac 2. Science. 1991 Dec 6;254(5037):1512-5. [PubMed:1660188 ]
  13. Reibel L, Dorseuil O, Stancou R, Bertoglio J, Gacon G: A hemopoietic specific gene encoding a small GTP binding protein is overexpressed during T cell activation. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Mar 15;175(2):451-8. [PubMed:1902092 ]
  14. Ambruso DR, Knall C, Abell AN, Panepinto J, Kurkchubasche A, Thurman G, Gonzalez-Aller C, Hiester A, deBoer M, Harbeck RJ, Oyer R, Johnson GL, Roos D: Human neutrophil immunodeficiency syndrome is associated with an inhibitory Rac2 mutation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Apr 25;97(9):4654-9. [PubMed:10758162 ]