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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP04363
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 9953
Name Thymidylate synthase
Synonyms
  1. TS
  2. TSase
Gene Name TYMS
Protein Type Enzyme
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in thymidylate synthase activity
Specific Function Contributes to the de novo mitochondrial thymidylate biosynthesis pathway.
Pathways
  • Beta Ureidopropionase Deficiency
  • Capecitabine Action Pathway
  • Capecitabine Metabolism Pathway
  • Dihydropyrimidinase Deficiency
  • dTTP biosynthesis
  • Fluorouracil Action Pathway
  • Fluorouracil Metabolism Pathway
  • Folate Metabolism
  • Gemcitabine Action Pathway
  • Gemcitabine Metabolism Pathway
  • MNGIE (Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy)
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Pyrimidine Metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • UMP Synthase Deficiency (Orotic Aciduria)
Reactions
5,10-Methylene-THF + dUMP → Dihydrofolic acid + 5-Thymidylic acid details
GO Classification
Biological Process
pyrimidine nucleoside biosynthetic process
dTTP biosynthetic process
pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process
organ regeneration
DNA repair
DNA replication
deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process
dTMP biosynthetic process
dUMP metabolic process
developmental growth
immortalization of host cell by virus
intestinal epithelial cell maturation
response to drug
response to glucocorticoid stimulus
response to organophosphorus
regulation of transcription involved in G1/S phase of mitotic cell cycle
cartilage development
phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling
aging
Cellular Component
cytosol
mitochondrial matrix
nucleoplasm
mitochondrial inner membrane
Function
catalytic activity
transferase activity
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate-dependent methyltransferase activity
thymidylate synthase activity
transferase activity, transferring one-carbon groups
methyltransferase activity
Molecular Function
thymidylate synthase activity
cofactor binding
folic acid binding
nucleotide binding
Process
metabolic process
nitrogen compound metabolic process
cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process
nucleobase, nucleoside, nucleotide and nucleic acid metabolic process
nucleobase, nucleoside and nucleotide metabolic process
nucleoside phosphate metabolic process
nucleotide metabolic process
pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process
dtmp biosynthetic process
pyrimidine nucleotide metabolic process
pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic process
Cellular Location Not Available
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 18
Locus 18p11.32
SNPs TYMS
Gene Sequence
>942 bp
ATGCCTGTGGCCGGCTCGGAGCTGCCGCGCCGGCCCTTGCCCCCCGCCGCACAGGAGCGG
GACGCCGAGCCGCGTCCGCCGCACGGGGAGCTGCAGTACCTGGGGCAGATCCAACACATC
CTCCGCTGCGGCGTCAGGAAGGACGACCGCACGGGCACCGGCACCCTGTCGGTATTCGGC
ATGCAGGCGCGCTACAGCCTGAGAGATGAATTCCCTCTGCTGACAACCAAACGTGTGTTC
TGGAAGGGTGTTTTGGAGGAGTTGCTGTGGTTTATCAAGGGATCCACAAATGCTAAAGAG
CTGTCTTCCAAGGGAGTGAAAATCTGGGATGCCAATGGATCCCGAGACTTTTTGGACAGC
CTGGGATTCTCCACCAGAGAAGAAGGGGACTTGGGCCCAGTTTATGGCTTCCAGTGGAGG
CATTTTGGGGCAGAATACAGAGATATGGAATCAGATTATTCAGGACAGGGAGTTGACCAA
CTGCAAAGAGTGATTGACACCATCAAAACCAACCCTGACGACAGAAGAATCATCATGTGC
GCTTGGAATCCAAGAGATCTTCCTCTGATGGCGCTGCCTCCATGCCATGCCCTCTGCCAG
TTCTATGTGGTGAACAGTGAGCTGTCCTGCCAGCTGTACCAGAGATCGGGAGACATGGGC
CTCGGTGTGCCTTTCAACATCGCCAGCTACGCCCTGCTCACGTACATGATTGCGCACATC
ACGGGCCTGAAGCCAGGTGACTTTATACACACTTTGGGAGATGCACATATTTACCTGAAT
CACATCGAGCCACTGAAAATTCAGCTTCAGCGAGAACCCAGACCTTTCCCAAAGCTCAGG
ATTCTTCGAAAAGTTGAGAAAATTGATGACTTCAAAGCTGAAGACTTTCAGATTGAAGGG
TACAATCCGCATCCAACTATTAAAATGGAAATGGCTGTTTAG
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 313
Molecular Weight 35715.65
Theoretical pI 6.998
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Thymidylate synthase
MPVAGSELPRRPLPPAAQERDAEPRPPHGELQYLGQIQHILRCGVRKDDRTGTGTLSVFG
MQARYSLRDEFPLLTTKRVFWKGVLEELLWFIKGSTNAKELSSKGVKIWDANGSRDFLDS
LGFSTREEGDLGPVYGFQWRHFGAEYRDMESDYSGQGVDQLQRVIDTIKTNPDDRRIIMC
AWNPRDLPLMALPPCHALCQFYVVNSELSCQLYQRSGDMGLGVPFNIASYALLTYMIAHI
TGLKPGDFIHTLGDAHIYLNHIEPLKIQLQREPRPFPKLRILRKVEKIDDFKAEDFQIEG
YNPHPTIKMEMAV
GenBank ID Protein 37479
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P04818
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name TYSY_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID X02308
GeneCard ID TYMS
GenAtlas ID TYMS
HGNC ID HGNC:12441
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Mayya V, Lundgren DH, Hwang SI, Rezaul K, Wu L, Eng JK, Rodionov V, Han DK: Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of T cell receptor signaling reveals system-wide modulation of protein-protein interactions. Sci Signal. 2009 Aug 18;2(84):ra46. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2000007. [PubMed:19690332 ]
  3. Takeishi K, Kaneda S, Ayusawa D, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T: Nucleotide sequence of a functional cDNA for human thymidylate synthase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1985 Mar 25;13(6):2035-43. [PubMed:2987839 ]
  4. Kaneda S, Nalbantoglu J, Takeishi K, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T, Ayusawa D: Structural and functional analysis of the human thymidylate synthase gene. J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov 25;265(33):20277-84. [PubMed:2243092 ]
  5. Takeishi K, Kaneda S, Ayusawa D, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T: Human thymidylate synthase gene: isolation of phage clones which cover a functionally active gene and structural analysis of the region upstream from the translation initiation codon. J Biochem. 1989 Oct;106(4):575-83. [PubMed:2532645 ]
  6. Shimizu K, Ayusawa D, Takeishi K, Seno T: Purification and NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of human thymidylate synthase in an overproducing transformant of mouse FM3A cells. J Biochem. 1985 Mar;97(3):845-50. [PubMed:3839505 ]
  7. Davisson VJ, Sirawaraporn W, Santi DV: Expression of human thymidylate synthase in Escherichia coli. J Biol Chem. 1989 Jun 5;264(16):9145-8. [PubMed:2656695 ]
  8. Schiffer CA, Clifton IJ, Davisson VJ, Santi DV, Stroud RM: Crystal structure of human thymidylate synthase: a structural mechanism for guiding substrates into the active site. Biochemistry. 1995 Dec 19;34(50):16279-87. [PubMed:8845352 ]
  9. Phan J, Koli S, Minor W, Dunlap RB, Berger SH, Lebioda L: Human thymidylate synthase is in the closed conformation when complexed with dUMP and raltitrexed, an antifolate drug. Biochemistry. 2001 Feb 20;40(7):1897-902. [PubMed:11329255 ]
  10. Phan J, Steadman DJ, Koli S, Ding WC, Minor W, Dunlap RB, Berger SH, Lebioda L: Structure of human thymidylate synthase suggests advantages of chemotherapy with noncompetitive inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 2001 Apr 27;276(17):14170-7. Epub 2001 Jan 24. [PubMed:11278511 ]