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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-01-11 19:14:15 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000272
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00272
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhosphoserine
DescriptionThe phosphoric acid ester of serine. As a constituent (residue) of proteins, its side chain can undergo O-linked glycosylation. This might be important in explaining some of the devastating consequences of diabetes. It is one of three amino acid residues that are commonly phosphorylated by kinases during cell signalling in eukaryotes. Phosphorylated serine residues are often referred to as phosphoserine. Serine proteases are a common type of protease. Serine, organic compound, one of the 20 amino acids commonly found in animal proteins. Only the L-stereoisomer appears in mammalian protein. It is not essential to the human diet, since it can be synthesized in the body from other metabolites, including glycine. Serine was first obtained from silk protein, a particularly rich source, in 1865. Its name is derived from the Latin for silk, sericum. Serine's structure was established in 1902.
Structure
Data?1547234055
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-L-Serine dihydrogen phosphate (ester)ChEBI
(2S)-2-Amino-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acidChEBI
(S)-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid 3-phosphateChEBI
3-PhosphoserineChEBI
DexfosfoserineChEBI
L-O-PhosphoserineChEBI
O-PhosphoserineChEBI
3-Phospho-L-serineKegg
(+)-L-Serine dihydrogen phosphoric acid (ester)Generator
(2S)-2-Amino-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoateGenerator
(S)-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropanoate 3-phosphateGenerator
(S)-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid 3-phosphoric acidGenerator
3-O-PhosphoserineHMDB
FosforinaHMDB
L-3-PhosphoserineHMDB
L-O-Serine phosphateHMDB
L-PhosphoserineHMDB
L-Serine dihydrogen phosphate (ester)HMDB
L-Serine phosphateHMDB
L-SerinephosphorateHMDB
L-Serinephosphoric acidHMDB
L-Seryl phosphateHMDB
PlasmenylserineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H8NO6P
Average Molecular Weight185.0725
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight185.008923505
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-amino-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
Traditional Namephosphoserine
CAS Registry Number407-41-0
SMILES
N[C@@H](COP(O)(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H8NO6P/c4-2(3(5)6)1-10-11(7,8)9/h2H,1,4H2,(H,5,6)(H2,7,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1
InChI KeyBZQFBWGGLXLEPQ-REOHCLBHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as l-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the L-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentL-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Phosphoethanolamine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point170 - 171 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility71 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility19.9 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-3.2ChemAxon
logS-0.97ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.2ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.39ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area130.08 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity32.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.97 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (x TMS)splash10-02u1-0930000000-c899f07d021f46de8c59JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (x TMS)splash10-02am-0980000000-224ebb540cc8cfeee7bfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0k92-0943000000-2c96e781366647a38c1bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0rka-2965000000-6295c9d3aab0dbbdbe06JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-02u1-0930000000-c899f07d021f46de8c59JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-02am-0980000000-224ebb540cc8cfeee7bfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0k92-0943000000-2c96e781366647a38c1bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0rka-2965000000-6295c9d3aab0dbbdbe06JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-052b-0943000000-925dbf1f579400fe1275JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-03yl-0890000000-f853ba80cc56b6057d3eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9200000000-579f933727173ebf1101JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9720000000-0c93ad0358d5840580e0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9000000000-07c4d8f30a6ca83b8b55JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00dr-9000000000-c5a74679d970f7b6e2d5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0006-9000000000-1d94e50890f1499da7f4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-3900000000-0424244742b82164682fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-9100000000-f86c85cff0432259c764JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-00kr-9000000000-997762f62b3a2e22b12bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-4732d51a493c7bf13c29JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-00kf-9000000000-5d40f9a41d75ac08b4c2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0002-9000000000-f653dafdf17fa74b83a5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0002-9000000000-f653dafdf17fa74b83a5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-000i-3900000000-76c6900db1ecb22c9dc6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-000i-9100000000-f86c85cff0432259c764JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-00kr-9000000000-25381bf668ede8881af0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-63cde6935414b6893a5fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-00kf-9000000000-5d40f9a41d75ac08b4c2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000l-9800000000-672ba3fb65a9cac25044JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9300000000-e63c25df326283cc3b7fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-dbc8b3072add030d1711JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-003r-9800000000-10234b7ff1b336489a5aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-8a4c753dfa69ac6720e0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-ebe13ec0e44d8c4f4771JSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Prostate
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified17.0 +/- 3.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified4.2 +/- 1.7 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified5.0 +/- 0.9 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified59.051 +/- 21.239 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified4.605 (1.645-7.566) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified2.0 (0.53-3.28) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified6.0 (2.71-10.4) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
    UrineDetected and Quantified146.693 +/- 9.722 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Eosinophilic esophagitis
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease References
    Eosinophilic esophagitis
    1. (). Mordechai, Hien, and David S. Wishart. .
    Associated OMIM IDs
    DrugBank IDDB04522
    Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
    FoodDB IDFDB021926
    KNApSAcK IDC00007287
    Chemspider ID62074
    KEGG Compound IDC01005
    BioCyc ID3-P-SERINE
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia Link3-phosphoserine
    METLIN ID5270
    PubChem Compound68841
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI ID15811
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceBarruel, Elena Mery. Biosynthesis of phosphoserine in vitro. Anales Fac. Quim. y Farm. (1960), 12 228-33.
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
    General References
    1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
    2. Molina JA, Jimenez-Jimenez FJ, Gomez P, Vargas C, Navarro JA, Orti-Pareja M, Gasalla T, Benito-Leon J, Bermejo F, Arenas J: Decreased cerebrospinal fluid levels of neutral and basic amino acids in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Sci. 1997 Sep 10;150(2):123-7. [PubMed:9268238 ]

    Enzymes

    General function:
    Involved in metabolic process
    Specific function:
    Catalyzes the reversible conversion of 3-phosphohydroxypyruvate to phosphoserine and of 3-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-phosphonooxybutanoate to phosphohydroxythreonine (By similarity).
    Gene Name:
    PSAT1
    Uniprot ID:
    Q9Y617
    Molecular weight:
    35188.305
    Reactions
    Phosphoserine + Oxoglutaric acid → Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + L-Glutamic aciddetails
    General function:
    Involved in catalytic activity
    Specific function:
    Catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of serine from carbohydrates. The reaction mechanism proceeds via the formation of a phosphoryl-enzyme intermediates.
    Gene Name:
    PSPH
    Uniprot ID:
    P78330
    Molecular weight:
    25007.49
    Reactions
    Phosphoserine + Water → L-Serine + Phosphatedetails