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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-01-11 19:15:46 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001263
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01263
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAllysine
DescriptionAllysine is a derivative of Lysine, used in the production of elastin and collagen. It is produced by the actions of the enzyme lysyl oxidase in the extracellular matrix and is essential in the crosslink formation that stabilizes collagen and elastin.
Structure
Data?1547234146
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Amino-5-formylvaleric acidChEBI
2-Aminoadipate 6-semialdehydeChEBI
6-OxonorleucineChEBI
alpha-Aminoadipic acid delta-semialdehydeChEBI
alpha-Aminoadipic delta-semialdehydeChEBI
HCO-[CH2]3-CH(NH2)-COOHChEBI
2-Amino-5-formylvalerateGenerator
2-Aminoadipic acid 6-semialdehydeGenerator
a-Aminoadipate delta-semialdehydeGenerator
a-Aminoadipic acid delta-semialdehydeGenerator
alpha-Aminoadipate delta-semialdehydeGenerator
Α-aminoadipate δ-semialdehydeGenerator
Α-aminoadipic acid δ-semialdehydeGenerator
a-Aminoadipic delta-semialdehydeGenerator
Α-aminoadipic δ-semialdehydeGenerator
a-Aminoadipate δ-semialdehydeHMDB
a-Aminoadipic acid δ-semialdehydeHMDB
a-Aminoadipic δ-semialdehydeHMDB
(2S)-2-Amino-6-oxohexanoateHMDB
(2S)-2-Amino-6-oxohexanoic acidHMDB
2-Amino-hexanedioateHMDB
2-Amino-hexanedioic acidHMDB
2-Amino-hexanedioic acid semialdhydeHMDB
2-Aminoadipate semialdehydeHMDB
2-Aminoadipate-6-semialdehydeHMDB
5-Formyl-norvalineHMDB
6-oxo-L-NorleucineHMDB
6-oxo-NorleucineHMDB
alpha-Aminoadipic semialdehydeHMDB
L-2-Aminoadipate 6-semialdehydeHMDB
L-6-OxonorleucineHMDB
L-AllysineHMDB
2-Aminoadipic semialdehydeHMDB
alpha-AASAHMDB
alpha-Aminoadipate semialdehydeHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H11NO3
Average Molecular Weight145.1564
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight145.073893223
IUPAC Name2-amino-6-oxohexanoic acid
Traditional Nameallysine
CAS Registry Number1962-83-0
SMILES
NC(CCCC=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H11NO3/c7-5(6(9)10)3-1-2-4-8/h4-5H,1-3,7H2,(H,9,10)
InChI KeyGFXYTQPNNXGICT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Alpha-hydrogen aldehyde
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Aldehyde
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility49.4 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.2ALOGPS
logP-2.9ChemAxon
logS-0.47ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.25ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.33ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area80.39 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity34.96 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability14.59 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9100000000-e7c5c166681ba0316b25JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-8910000000-8fb215d3dd09e5553352JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0ufs-2900000000-cc3c3ade4cefc6b57880JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0ue9-9700000000-1f5f0f3378ed80283ec8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0abc-9000000000-dd87ab890dceec9e01cbJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0900000000-5623b839bf292d641b92JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-4900000000-7473bdea5b2f626515f1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-12c42805d877e4f712b6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified<0.2 uMInfant (0-1 year old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified<1 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified1.6-28 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Not SpecifiedPyridoxine dependency with seizures (PDE) details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy
  1. Plecko B, Paul K, Paschke E, Stoeckler-Ipsiroglu S, Struys E, Jakobs C, Hartmann H, Luecke T, di Capua M, Korenke C, Hikel C, Reutershahn E, Freilinger M, Baumeister F, Bosch F, Erwa W: Biochemical and molecular characterization of 18 patients with pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy and mutations of the antiquitin (ALDH7A1) gene. Hum Mutat. 2007 Jan;28(1):19-26. [PubMed:17068770 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 266100 (Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy)
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB010644
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID202
KEGG Compound IDC01475
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID1445244
Wikipedia LinkAllysine
METLIN ID6118
PubChem Compound207
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17027
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
NADPH-dependent reductase with broad substrate specificity. Catalyzes the reduction of a wide variety of carbonyl compounds including quinones, prostaglandins, menadione, plus various xenobiotics. Catalyzes the reduction of the antitumor anthracyclines doxorubicin and daunorubicin to the cardiotoxic compounds doxorubicinol and daunorubicinol. Can convert prostaglandin E2 to prostaglandin F2-alpha. Can bind glutathione, which explains its higher affinity for glutathione-conjugated substrates. Catalyzes the reduction of S-nitrosoglutathione.
Gene Name:
CBR1
Uniprot ID:
P16152
Molecular weight:
30374.73
Reactions
Allysine → 2-amino-6-hydroxyhexanoic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
AOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q06278
Molecular weight:
147916.735
Reactions
Allysine → Aminoadipic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the first two steps in lysine degradation. The N-terminal and the C-terminal contain lysine-ketoglutarate reductase and saccharopine dehydrogenase activity, respectively.
Gene Name:
AASS
Uniprot ID:
Q9UDR5
Molecular weight:
102130.895
General function:
Involved in acyl carrier activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA synthases catalyze the initial reaction in fatty acid metabolism, by forming a thioester with CoA
Gene Name:
AASDH
Uniprot ID:
Q4L235
Molecular weight:
122596.1