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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:18 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 20:42:59 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002899
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02899
Metabolite Identification
Common NameEllagic acid
DescriptionEllagic acid is a Polyphenol compound found in numerous fruits and vegetables, including, raspberries; strawberries; cranberries; walnuts; pecans; pomegranates; and other plant foods. It is often regarded as an antioxidant. Ellagic Acid Clinical Tests on cultured human cells also show that Ellagic acid prevents the destruction of the p53 gene by cancer cells. Additional studies suggest that one of the mechanisms by which Ellagic acid inhibits mutagenesis and carcinogenesis is by forming adducts with DNA, thus masking binding sites to be occupied by the mutagen or carcinogen.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2,3,7,8-Tetrahydroxy[1]benzopyrano[5,4,3-cde][1]benzopyran-5,10-dioneChEBI
4,4',5,5',6,6'-Hexahydroxydiphenic acid 2,6,2',6'-dilactoneChEBI
Acide ellagiqueChEBI
acido ElagicoChEBI
Acidum ellagicumChEBI
Benzoaric acidChEBI
EllagsaeureChEBI
LagistaseChEBI
EllagateGenerator
4,4',5,5',6,6'-Hexahydroxydiphenate 2,6,2',6'-dilactoneGenerator
BenzoarateGenerator
Alizarine yellowHMDB
ElagostasineHMDB
EleagateHMDB
Eleagic acidHMDB
Ellagic acid dihydrateHMDB
Ellagic acid hydrateHMDB
GallogenHMDB
LlagateHMDB
Llagic acidHMDB
Acid, benzoaricMeSH
Acid, ellagicMeSH
Chemical FormulaC14H6O8
Average Molecular Weight302.194
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight302.006267153
IUPAC Name6,7,13,14-tetrahydroxy-2,9-dioxatetracyclo[6.6.2.0⁴,¹⁶.0¹¹,¹⁵]hexadeca-1(15),4,6,8(16),11,13-hexaene-3,10-dione
Traditional Nameellagic acid
CAS Registry Number476-66-4
SMILES
OC1=C(O)C2=C3C(=C1)C(=O)OC1=C3C(=CC(O)=C1O)C(=O)O2
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C14H6O8/c15-5-1-3-7-8-4(14(20)22-11(7)9(5)17)2-6(16)10(18)12(8)21-13(3)19/h1-2,15-18H
InChI KeyAFSDNFLWKVMVRB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydrolyzable tannins. These are tannins with a structure characterized by either of the following models. In model 1, the structure contains galloyl units (in some cases, shikimic acid units) that are linked to diverse polyol carbohydrate-, catechin-, or triterpenoid units. In model 2, contains at least two galloyl units C-C coupled to each other, and do not contain a glycosidically linked catechin unit.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassTannins
Sub ClassHydrolyzable tannins
Direct ParentHydrolyzable tannins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hydrolyzable tannin
  • Ellagic_acid
  • 7,8-dihydroxycoumarin
  • Coumarin
  • Isocoumarin
  • Benzopyran
  • 2-benzopyran
  • 1-benzopyran
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Pyranone
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Lactone
  • Polyol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point> 360 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.82 g/LALOGPS
logP1.59ALOGPS
logP2.32ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5.54ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area133.52 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity70.61 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability26.34 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0uk9-0095000000-fbb3052375510a43a32eView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0100-3000090000-98c2eaf6f099a674f556View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0009000000-40fcade2aa63aa93a2aeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0zi0-0192000000-778eac8f3ed58bcaac74View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - DI-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-0zi0-0093000000-8a6cc05fc65249815e82View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-0zfr-1589000000-a4f6e3a25012f7426f7dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0a6r-0192000000-39923f8b1dd96716ea79View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-001i-0090000000-a1f823c8fd710f0476d9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-0udi-0039000000-911cfbddb0cc618af274View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0zfr-1589000000-a4f6e3a25012f7426f7dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0009000000-67c5a949d6d186ed40d5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0039000000-d2f61e8b5cdaa0f142baView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-0090000000-961daa97dff240069d92View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0029000000-246b5797e3aacdc8f2f2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0059000000-cc29f1c85d471f50bb6bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-114i-0190000000-6c3c3d5d2c468609b612View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Fibroblasts
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.067 +/- 0.0056 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 417 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB08846
Phenol Explorer Compound ID417
FoodDB IDFDB012575
KNApSAcK IDC00011153
Chemspider ID4445149
KEGG Compound IDC10788
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkEllagic_acid
METLIN ID3430
PubChem Compound5281855
PDB IDREF
ChEBI ID4775
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Stoner GD, Sardo C, Apseloff G, Mullet D, Wargo W, Pound V, Singh A, Sanders J, Aziz R, Casto B, Sun X: Pharmacokinetics of anthocyanins and ellagic acid in healthy volunteers fed freeze-dried black raspberries daily for 7 days. J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Oct;45(10):1153-64. [PubMed:16172180 ]
  2. Glover D, Warner ED: The CLUE test. A multiparameter coagulation and fibrinolysis screening test using the platelet aggregometer. Am J Clin Pathol. 1975 Jan;63(1):74-80. [PubMed:1111277 ]
  3. Banzouzi JT, Prado R, Menan H, Valentin A, Roumestan C, Mallie M, Pelissier Y, Blache Y: In vitro antiplasmodial activity of extracts of Alchornea cordifolia and identification of an active constituent: ellagic acid. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002 Aug;81(3):399-401. [PubMed:12127243 ]
  4. Cerda B, Espin JC, Parra S, Martinez P, Tomas-Barberan FA: The potent in vitro antioxidant ellagitannins from pomegranate juice are metabolised into bioavailable but poor antioxidant hydroxy-6H-dibenzopyran-6-one derivatives by the colonic microflora of healthy humans. Eur J Nutr. 2004 Aug;43(4):205-20. Epub 2004 Jan 6. [PubMed:15309440 ]
  5. Kaiser B, Fareed J, Hoppensteadt D, Birdsong B, Walenga JM, Markwardt F: Influence of recombinant hirudin and unfractionated heparin on thrombin and factor Xa generation in extrinsic and intrinsic activated systems. Thromb Res. 1992 Jan 15;65(2):157-64. [PubMed:1579892 ]
  6. Jimenez F, Mitts TF, Liu K, Wang Y, Hinek A: Ellagic and tannic acids protect newly synthesized elastic fibers from premature enzymatic degradation in dermal fibroblast cultures. J Invest Dermatol. 2006 Jun;126(6):1272-80. [PubMed:16601672 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
Reactions
Ellagic acid → 3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-({6,13,14-trihydroxy-3,10-dioxo-2,9-dioxatetracyclo[6.6.2.0⁴,¹⁶.0¹¹,¹⁵]hexadeca-1(15),4,6,8(16),11,13-hexaen-7-yl}oxy)oxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails
Ellagic acid → 3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-({7,13,14-trihydroxy-3,10-dioxo-2,9-dioxatetracyclo[6.6.2.0⁴,¹⁶.0¹¹,¹⁵]hexadeca-1(15),4,6,8(16),11,13-hexaen-6-yl}oxy)oxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails