You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2007-01-23 13:20:48 UTC
Update Date2019-01-11 19:18:58 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0005808
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB05808
Metabolite Identification
Common NameFormononetin
DescriptionFormononetin are abundant in vegetables. It is a phyto-oestrogen that is a polyphenolic non-steroidal plant compound with oestrogen-like biological activity (PMID: 16108819 ). It can be the source of considerable estrogenic activity (http://www.herbalchem.net/Intermediate.htm).
Structure
Data?1547234338
Synonyms
ValueSource
4'-O-MethyldaidzeinChEBI
7-Hydroxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-benzopyroneChEBI
7-Hydroxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4H-benzopyran-4-oneChEBI
7-Hydroxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4H-chromen-4-oneChEBI
7-Hydroxy-4'-methoxyisoflavoneChEBI
Biochanin bChEBI
FormononetolChEBI
7-Hydroxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4H-benzopyran-4-one(9ci)HMDB
7-Hydroxy-4'-methoxy-isoflavoneHMDB
7-Hydroxy-4'-methoxy-isoflavone (8ci)HMDB
Formononetin, 4-(14)C-labeledMeSH
Chemical FormulaC16H12O4
Average Molecular Weight268.268
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight268.073558866
IUPAC Name7-hydroxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
Traditional Nameformononetin
CAS Registry Number485-72-3
SMILES
COC1=CC=C(C=C1)C1=COC2=C(C=CC(O)=C2)C1=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C16H12O4/c1-19-12-5-2-10(3-6-12)14-9-20-15-8-11(17)4-7-13(15)16(14)18/h2-9,17H,1H3
InChI KeyHKQYGTCOTHHOMP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 4'-o-methylisoflavones. These are isoflavones with methoxy groups attached to the C4' atom of the isoflavone backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassIsoflavonoids
Sub ClassO-methylated isoflavonoids
Direct Parent4'-O-methylisoflavones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 4p-o-methylisoflavone
  • Hydroxyisoflavonoid
  • Isoflavone
  • Chromone
  • Benzopyran
  • 1-benzopyran
  • Phenoxy compound
  • Anisole
  • Methoxybenzene
  • Phenol ether
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Pyranone
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point256 - 258 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.04 g/LALOGPS
logP3.56ALOGPS
logP2.88ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)6.48ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area55.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity74.18 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability27.86 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0016-2914000000-92598f879b703e3e34beJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0016-2914000000-92598f879b703e3e34beJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000f-0490000000-e26e3143b0047535b40cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-02or-3897000000-5e35eab52b4bd3010fa5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 50V, Negativesplash10-006t-0960000000-882facb1d6090879f469JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 30V, Negativesplash10-006t-0960000000-882facb1d6090879f469JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 10V, Negativesplash10-006t-0960000000-882facb1d6090879f469JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 40V, Negativesplash10-0fk9-0390000000-60bac2bf99a8a69fbfa0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 20V, Negativesplash10-0fk9-0390000000-60bac2bf99a8a69fbfa0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF , Negativesplash10-0fk9-0390000000-60bac2bf99a8a69fbfa0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 50V, Negativesplash10-006t-0960000000-882facb1d6090879f469JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 30V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-c85f2c5d083aef27307aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-1c961341bd2d8a5a1789JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 40V, Negativesplash10-0fk9-0390000000-60bac2bf99a8a69fbfa0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 20V, Negativesplash10-0uxr-0090000000-0755787b026efa8867b7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF , Negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-9e7db78f88f3bcea3676JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - DI-ESI-qTof , Negativesplash10-0fka-0590000000-9b048aa233ab295b38b6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0uxr-0290000000-14118223ff7a3a92da15JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-641b16fcdf1e38d31ff3JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-b0f1307bbe6403a8d785JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0fl1-0970000000-c5c59bf872295bb5bd11JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-f27b95e98c653affcd28JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-5f9bf767f99890c80fc6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0uxr-0090000000-27bc455d2b7dd9e8c49bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0uxr-0090000000-40ec683117d5ddae2909JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0uxr-0090000000-13fe7148a164de5bc698JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-TOF , negativesplash10-006t-0960000000-882facb1d6090879f469JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-TOF , negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-c85f2c5d083aef27307aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-TOF , negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-1c961341bd2d8a5a1789JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.0007 (0.0002-0.0011) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 395 details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 395 details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 395 details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    Not Available
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease ReferencesNone
    Associated OMIM IDsNone
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound ID395
    FoodDB IDFDB012219
    KNApSAcK IDC00002525
    Chemspider ID4444070
    KEGG Compound IDC00858
    BioCyc IDFORMONONETIN
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia LinkFormononetin
    METLIN IDNot Available
    PubChem Compound5280378
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI ID18088
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceWhalley J L; Bond T J; Botting N P Synthesis of 13C labelled daidzein and formononetin. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (1998), 8(18), 2569-72.
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
    General References
    1. Park J, Kim SH, Cho D, Kim TS: Formononetin, a phyto-oestrogen, and its metabolites up-regulate interleukin-4 production in activated T cells via increased AP-1 DNA binding activity. Immunology. 2005 Sep;116(1):71-81. [PubMed:16108819 ]