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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-13 02:07:10 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00127
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameD-Glucuronic acid
DescriptionGlucuronic acid is a carboxylic acid that has the structure of a glucose molecule that has had its sixth carbon atom (of six total) oxidized. The salts of glucuronic acid are known as glucuronates. Glucuronic acid is highly soluble in water. In humans, glucuronic acid is often linked to toxic or poisonous substances to allow for subsequent elimination, and to hormones to allow for easier transport. These linkages involve O-glycosidic bonds. The process is known as glucuronidation, and the resulting substances are known as glucuronides (or glucuronosides). Glucuronidation uses UDP-glucuronic acid (glucuronic acid linked via a glycosidic bond to uridine diphosphate) as an intermediate. UDP-glucuronic acid is formed in the liver of all animals.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
D-GLUCURONIC ACIDChEBI
GlcAaChEBI
GlcAalphaChEBI
D-GLUCURONateGenerator
a-D-GlucuronateGenerator
a-D-Glucuronic acidGenerator
alpha-D-GlucuronateGenerator
α-D-glucuronateGenerator
α-D-glucuronic acidGenerator
alpha-D-Glucopyranuronic acidHMDB
alpha-delta-Glucopyranuronic acidHMDB
alpha-delta-Glucuronic acidHMDB
D-(+)-GlucuronateHMDB
D-(+)-Glucuronic acidHMDB
delta-(+)-GlucuronateHMDB
delta-(+)-Glucuronic acidHMDB
delta-GlucuronateHMDB
GCUHMDB
GlucosiduronateHMDB
Glucosiduronic acidHMDB
GlucuronateHMDB
Glucuronic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H10O7
Average Molecular Weight194.1394
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight194.042652674
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5,6-tetrahydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Nameglucuronic acid
CAS Registry Number6556-12-3
SMILES
O[C@H]1O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H10O7/c7-1-2(8)4(5(10)11)13-6(12)3(1)9/h1-4,6-9,12H,(H,10,11)/t1-,2-,3+,4-,6-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=AEMOLEFTQBMNLQ-WAXACMCWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glucuronic acid derivatives. These are compounds containing a glucuronic acid moiety (or a derivative), which consists of a glucose moiety with the C6 carbon oxidized to a carboxylic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Sub ClassSugar acids and derivatives
Direct ParentGlucuronic acid derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • Pyran carboxylic acid
  • Pyran carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • Monosaccharide
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Hemiacetal
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Chondroitin / Heparan sulfate biosynthesis
  • Component of Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Component of Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Component of Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Waste products
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point143 - 144 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility485 mg/mLNot Available
LogP-2.57HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility295.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-2.6ChemAxon
logS0.18ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.21ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area127.45 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity35.79 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability16.32 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0h9c-7900000000-36121a46a2890d86232eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0ab9-9000000000-8c30084b43ecb0cf7818View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Glycogen synthetase deficiencySMP00552Not Available
Glycogenosis, Type III. Cori disease, Debrancher glycogenosisSMP00553Not Available
Glycogenosis, Type IV. Amylopectinosis, Anderson diseaseSMP00554Not Available
Glycogenosis, Type VI. Hers diseaseSMP00555Not Available
Inositol MetabolismSMP00011map00562
Mucopolysaccharidosis VI. Sly syndromeSMP00556Not Available
Starch and Sucrose MetabolismSMP00058map00500
Sucrase-isomaltase deficiencySMP00557Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified165.0 +/- 32.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified165.0 +/- 23.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableInfant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified9.7 (3.7-20.6) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified36.07-453.51 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • David F. Putnam C...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified125.0 +/- 30.0 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified3.0 (1.38-5.00) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified33.82 +/- 20.95 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified5.9 umol/mmol creatinineNewborn (0-30 days old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified30.5 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified144.7 +/- 27.0 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Cryptosporidium infection
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00488
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021897
KNApSAcK IDC00001123
Chemspider ID392615
KEGG Compound IDC00191
BioCyc IDGLUCURONATE
BiGG ID34196
Wikipedia LinkGCU
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00127
Metagene LinkHMDB00127
METLIN ID161
PubChem Compound444791
PDB IDGCU
ChEBI ID42717
References
Synthesis ReferenceHamayasu, Kenichi; Tadokoro, Hiroki; Kishino, Eriko; Ito, Tetsuya; Fujita, Koki; Hara, Kozo. Preparation of glucuronic acid and/or glucuronolactone from sucrose. PCT Int. Appl. (2006), 21pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Nishida T, Gatmaitan Z, Roy-Chowdhry J, Arias IM: Two distinct mechanisms for bilirubin glucuronide transport by rat bile canalicular membrane vesicles. Demonstration of defective ATP-dependent transport in rats (TR-) with inherited conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. J Clin Invest. 1992 Nov;90(5):2130-5. [1430236 ]
  2. Shoemaker JD, Elliott WH: Automated screening of urine samples for carbohydrates, organic and amino acids after treatment with urease. J Chromatogr. 1991 Jan 2;562(1-2):125-38. [2026685 ]
  3. Jowett TP, Slater JD: A radioimmunoassay for the measurement of tetrahydroaldosterone 3-glucosiduronic acid in human plasma. Clin Chim Acta. 1981 Jan 22;109(2):133-44. [7193539 ]
  4. Schmitt G, Aderjan R, Keller T, Wu M: Ethyl glucuronide: an unusual ethanol metabolite in humans. Synthesis, analytical data, and determination in serum and urine. J Anal Toxicol. 1995 Mar-Apr;19(2):91-4. [7769794 ]
  5. Karasawa E: [Supplementary findings on urinary glucuronic acid excretion in pediatrics. I. Total glucuronic acid in 24-hour urine of normal infants determined by the modified Fishman's method with NaBH4] Nippon Shonika Gakkai Zasshi. 1968 Aug 1;72(8):1122-7. [5755643 ]
  6. Carpenter PC, Mattox VR: Isolation, determination of structure and synthesis of the acid-labile conjugate of aldosterone. Biochem J. 1976 Jul 1;157(1):1-14. [962850 ]
  7. Raju U, Sklarew RJ, Post J, Levitz M: Steroid metabolism in human breast cancer cell lines. Steroids. 1978 Dec;32(5):669-80. [734701 ]
  8. Stearns RA, Miller RR, Doss GA, Chakravarty PK, Rosegay A, Gatto GJ, Chiu SH: The metabolism of DuP 753, a nonpeptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist, by rat, monkey, and human liver slices. Drug Metab Dispos. 1992 Mar-Apr;20(2):281-7. [1352222 ]
  9. Little JM, St Pyrek J, Lester R: Hepatic metabolism of 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-etianic acid (3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-androstan-17 beta-carboxylic acid) in the adult rat. J Clin Invest. 1983 Jan;71(1):73-80. [6848561 ]
  10. Pfeiffer E, Graf E, Gerstner S, Metzler M: Stimulation of estradiol glucuronidation: a protective mechanism against estradiol-mediated carcinogenesis? Mol Nutr Food Res. 2006 Apr;50(4-5):385-9. [16598814 ]
  11. McDonagh AF, Palma LA, Lauff JJ, Wu TW: Origin of mammalian biliprotein and rearrangement of bilirubin glucuronides in vivo in the rat. J Clin Invest. 1984 Sep;74(3):763-70. [6470139 ]
  12. Murano PS, Robichaud VY, Webb RE: Urinary excretion of sulfate and glucuronate conjugates in a free living population of adult males. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 1989 Jul;43(1):13-6. [2758129 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
Gene Name:
UGT2B28
Uniprot ID:
Q9BY64
Molecular weight:
38742.9
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
Gene Name:
UGT2B4
Uniprot ID:
P06133
Molecular weight:
60512.035
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
Gene Name:
UGT1A4
Uniprot ID:
P22310
Molecular weight:
60024.535
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT2B10
Uniprot ID:
P36537
Molecular weight:
60773.485
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
UGT2B7
Uniprot ID:
P16662
Molecular weight:
60720.15
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
Gene Name:
UGT2B15
Uniprot ID:
P54855
Molecular weight:
61035.815
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
Gene Name:
UGT2A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y4X1
Molecular weight:
60771.605
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A9
Uniprot ID:
O60656
Molecular weight:
59940.495
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A8
Uniprot ID:
Q9HAW9
Molecular weight:
59741.035
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A3
Uniprot ID:
P35503
Molecular weight:
60337.835
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A10
Uniprot ID:
Q9HAW8
Molecular weight:
59809.075
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
Gene Name:
UGT2B17
Uniprot ID:
O75795
Molecular weight:
61094.915
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A6
Uniprot ID:
P19224
Molecular weight:
60750.215
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A5
Uniprot ID:
P35504
Molecular weight:
60070.565
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT2B11
Uniprot ID:
O75310
Molecular weight:
61037.8
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A7
Uniprot ID:
Q9HAW7
Molecular weight:
59818.315
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
Gene Name:
GUSB
Uniprot ID:
P08236
Molecular weight:
74731.46
Reactions
A beta-D-glucuronoside + Water → D-Glucuronic acid + an alcoholdetails
Water + beta-D-Glucuronoside → D-Glucuronic acid + Alcoholdetails
Bilirubin diglucuronide + Water + Reduced acceptor → D-Urobilinogen + D-Glucuronic acid + Acceptordetails
+ Water → + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
Luteolin 7-O-[beta-D-glucuronosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucuronide]-4'-O-beta-D-glucuronide + Water → Luteolin 7-O-[beta-D-glucuronosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucuronide] + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
SN38 glucuronide + Water → SN-38 + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in iron ion binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
MIOX
Uniprot ID:
Q9UGB7
Molecular weight:
33009.33
Reactions
Myoinositol + Oxygen → D-Glucuronic acid + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
Gene Name:
UGT2A3
Uniprot ID:
Q6UWM9
Molecular weight:
60253.94
Reactions
Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + Water → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-Glucuronic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
May have weak glycosidase activity towards glucuronylated steroids. However, it lacks essential active site Glu residues at positions 239 and 872, suggesting it may be inactive as a glycosidase in vivo. May be involved in the regulation of calcium and phosphorus homeostasis by inhibiting the synthesis of active vitamin D (By similarity). Essential factor for the specific interaction between FGF23 and FGFR1 (By similarity). The Klotho peptide generated by cleavage of the membrane-bound isoform may be an anti-aging circulating hormone which would extend life span by inhibiting insulin/IGF1 signaling (By similarity).
Gene Name:
KL
Uniprot ID:
Q9UEF7
Molecular weight:
116179.815
Reactions
A beta-D-glucuronoside + Water → D-Glucuronic acid + an alcoholdetails
Water + beta-D-Glucuronoside → D-Glucuronic acid + Alcoholdetails
General function:
Involved in chondroitin-glucuronate 5-epimerase activity
Specific function:
Converts D-glucuronic acid to L-iduronic acid (IdoUA) residues.
Gene Name:
DSE
Uniprot ID:
Q9UL01
Molecular weight:
109772.235
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Catalyzes the deglucuronidation of mycophenolic acid acyl-glucuronide, a metabolite of the immunosuppressant drug mycophenolate.
Gene Name:
ABHD10
Uniprot ID:
Q9NUJ1
Molecular weight:
33932.165
Reactions
Mycophenolic acid O-acyl-glucuronide + Water → Mycophenolic acid + D-Glucuronic aciddetails