You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:02:27 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00268
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTetrahydrocorticosterone
DescriptionTetrahydrocorticosterone is one of the major urinary metabolites from corticosterone. Premenopausal patients with early breast cancer excrete subnormal amounts of tetrahydrocorticosterone as compared with the normal subjects of corresponding ages. (PMID 1133844 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3a,5b,11b)-3,11,21-Trihydroxy-pregnan-20-oneHMDB
3a,11b,21-Trihydroxy-5b-pregnan-20-oneHMDB
3a,5b-TetrahydrocorticosteroneHMDB
5b-Pregnane-3a,11b,21-triol-20-oneHMDB
tetrahydro-CorticosteroneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC21H34O4
Average Molecular Weight350.4923
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight350.245709576
IUPAC Name1-[(1S,2S,5R,7R,11S,14S,15S,17S)-5,17-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]-2-hydroxyethan-1-one
Traditional Name1-[(1S,2S,5R,7R,11S,14S,15S,17S)-5,17-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]-2-hydroxyethanone
CAS Registry Number68-42-8
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@H](C(=O)CO)[C@@]1(C)C[C@H](O)[C@@]1([H])C2CC[C@]2([H])C[C@H](O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H34O4/c1-20-8-7-13(23)9-12(20)3-4-14-15-5-6-16(18(25)11-22)21(15,2)10-17(24)19(14)20/h12-17,19,22-24H,3-11H2,1-2H3/t12-,13-,14?,15+,16-,17+,19-,20+,21+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=RHQQHZQUAMFINJ-DSCSGEDNSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 21-hydroxysteroids. These are steroids carrying a hydroxyl group at the 21-position of the steroid backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassHydroxysteroids
Direct Parent21-hydroxysteroids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 21-hydroxysteroid
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • Pregnane-skeleton
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.12 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.07ALOGPS
logP1.86ChemAxon
logS-3.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.25ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area77.76 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity96.2 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability39.88 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0fsi-0019000000-af4f3ddd3ced5ac6a173View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0159-0139000000-18a0ded92a545e3c90c5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0kor-3193000000-9a25977072100bec8900View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0009000000-52ceed4bcc2f2e338ba5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00ls-1029000000-8c2fa7b60265d580fd01View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0adl-4094000000-354b1a13a490563ea7b9View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP11B1)SMP00575Not Available
17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP17)SMP00566Not Available
21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21)SMP00576Not Available
3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00718Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 3 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00373Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 5 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 17 Alpha-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00372Not Available
Apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndromeSMP00717Not Available
Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia (CLAH) or Lipoid CAHSMP00371Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase I deficiency (CMO I)SMP00577Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase II deficiency - CMO IISMP00578Not Available
SteroidogenesisSMP00130map00140
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0011 +/- 0.000014 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified0.042 +/- 0.017 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemalePregnant with an anencephalic foetus details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.12 +/- 0.061 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemalePregnant with a normal foetus details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.00063 +/- 0.00054 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleStress urinary incontinence details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021923
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID8038941
KEGG Compound IDC05476
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00268
Metagene LinkHMDB00268
METLIN ID5267
PubChem Compound9863245
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceHigashi, Tatsuya; Yokoi, Hiroyuki; Maekubo, Hitoe; Honda, Ayako; Shimada, Kazutake. Studies on neurosteroids. XXIII. Analysis of tetrahydrocorticosterone isomers in the brain of rats exposed to immobilization using LC-MS. Steroids (2007), 72(13), 865-874.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Lee SH, Nam SY, Chung BC: Altered profile of endogenous steroids in the urine of patients with prolactinoma. Clin Biochem. 1998 Oct;31(7):529-35. [9812172 ]
  2. Cawood ML, Heys RF, Oakey RE: Corticosteroid production by the human foetus: evidence from analysis of urine from women pregnant with a normal or an anencephalic foetus. J Endocrinol. 1976 Jul;70(1):117-26. [932595 ]
  3. Fuster D, Escher G, Vogt B, Ackermann D, Dick B, Frey BM, Frey FJ: Furosemide inhibits 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2. Endocrinology. 1998 Sep;139(9):3849-54. [9724039 ]
  4. Akgun S, Ertel NH, Imperato-McGinley J, Sayli BS, Shackleton C: Familial male pseudohermaphroditism due to 5-alpha-reductase deficiency in a Turkish village. Am J Med. 1986 Aug;81(2):267-74. [3740084 ]
  5. Kodama M, Kodama T, Yoshida M, Totania R, Aoki K: Hormonal status of breast cancer. II. Abnormal urinary steroid excretion. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1975 Jun;54(6):1275-82. [1133844 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transformation of the potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) into the less active form, 5-alpha-androstan-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol). Also has some 20-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. The biotransformation of the pesticide chlordecone (kepone) to its corresponding alcohol leads to increased biliary excretion of the pesticide and concomitant reduction of its neurotoxicity since bile is the major excretory route.
Gene Name:
AKR1C4
Uniprot ID:
P17516
Molecular weight:
37094.57
Reactions
Tetrahydrocorticosterone + NAD → 11b,21-Dihydroxy-5b-pregnane-3,20-dione + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Tetrahydrocorticosterone + NADP → 11b,21-Dihydroxy-5b-pregnane-3,20-dione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of cortisol to the inactive metabolite cortisone. Modulates intracellular glucocorticoid levels, thus protecting the nonselective mineralocorticoid receptor from occupation by glucocorticoids.
Gene Name:
HSD11B2
Uniprot ID:
P80365
Molecular weight:
44126.06
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes reversibly the conversion of cortisol to the inactive metabolite cortisone. Catalyzes reversibly the conversion of 7-ketocholesterol to 7-beta-hydroxycholesterol. In intact cells, the reaction runs only in one direction, from 7-ketocholesterol to 7-beta-hydroxycholesterol (By similarity).
Gene Name:
HSD11B1
Uniprot ID:
P28845
Molecular weight:
32400.665
Reactions
Tetrahydrocorticosterone + NADP → 3a,21-Dihydroxy-5b-pregnane-11,20-dione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails