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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 20:05:03 UTC
Update Date2018-03-12 21:59:01 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0035140
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB35140
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-Abscisic acid
Description(S)-(+)-Abscisic acid, also known as abscisic acid or (S)-abscisate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as abscisic acids and derivatives. These are terpene compounds containing the abscisic acid moiety, which is characterized by a 3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid attached to the C1 carbon of a 4-oxocyclohex-2-ene moiety (S)-(+)-Abscisic acid exists as a solid and is considered to be practically insoluble (in water) and relatively neutral. Within the cell, (S)-(+)-abscisic acid is primarily located in the cytoplasm and membrane (predicted from logP) (S)-(+)-Abscisic acid can be converted into (S)-2-trans-abscisic acid D-glucopyranosyl ester and (S)-2-trans-abscisic acid beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester. Outside of the human body, (S)-(+)-abscisic acid can be found in a number of food items such as common pea, garden tomato (var.), brassicas, and yellow wax bean. This makes (S)-(+)-abscisic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(7E,9E)-(6S)-6-Hydroxy-3-oxo-11-apo-epsilon-caroten-11-Oic acidChEBI
2-trans-(+)-ABAChEBI
(7E,9E)-(6S)-6-Hydroxy-3-oxo-11-apo-epsilon-caroten-11-OateGenerator
(S)-AbscisateGenerator
(+)-Abscisic acidHMDB
(+)-Abscisin IIHMDB
(+)-cis-Abscisic acidHMDB
(S)-(+)-Abscisic acidHMDB
2-cis,4-trans-Abscisic acidHMDB
ABAHMDB
ABKHMDB
AbscisateHMDB
Abscisic acidHMDB
cis-Abscisic acidHMDB
cis-trans-(+)-Abscissic acidHMDB
Dormin (abscission factor)HMDB
DorminHMDB
Chemical FormulaC15H20O4
Average Molecular Weight264.3169
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight264.136159128
IUPAC Name(2E,4E)-5-[(1S)-1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-yl]-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid
Traditional Name(S)-(+)-abscisic acid
CAS Registry Number21293-29-8
SMILES
OC(=O)\C=C(/C)\C=C\[C@@]1(O)C(C)=CC(=O)CC1(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C15H20O4/c1-10(7-13(17)18)5-6-15(19)11(2)8-12(16)9-14(15,3)4/h5-8,19H,9H2,1-4H3,(H,17,18)/b6-5+,10-7+/t15-/m1/s1
InChI KeyJLIDBLDQVAYHNE-IBPUIESWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as abscisic acids and derivatives. These are terpene compounds containing the abscisic aci moiety, which is characterized by a 3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid attached to the C1 carbon of a 4-oxocyclohex-2-ene moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassSesquiterpenoids
Direct ParentAbscisic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Abscisic acid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point160 - 161 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.18 g/LALOGPS
logP1.88ALOGPS
logP2.09ChemAxon
logS-3.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.74ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity74.98 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability28.33 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-014s-9450000000-afb61831d6a0af012708View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0096-7139000000-5edf01db0ed23b0bca61View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014j-1090000000-e4208a39777c310ac058View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-1009-3490000000-fef752f7126772f49b3fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052u-9500000000-bd11f5d74e205224d2b2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03xr-0190000000-acb6b959597c80571e92View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03xr-2190000000-8165ea079f93ecd06918View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0zg0-9440000000-9647ed01c7d8cc906ad5View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB013776
KNApSAcK IDC00000134
Chemspider ID4642916
KEGG Compound IDC06082
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5702609
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID18743
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .
  6. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.