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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 20:50:52 UTC
Update Date2018-05-19 23:35:25 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0035824
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB35824
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCarvone
DescriptionCarvone, also known as carvol or limonen-6-one, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as menthane monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenoids with a structure based on the o-, m-, or p-menthane backbone. P-menthane consists of the cyclohexane ring with a methyl group and a (2-methyl)-propyl group at the 1 and 4 ring position, respectively. The o- and m- menthanes are much rarer, and presumably arise by alkyl migration of p-menthanes. Carvone is slightly soluble (in water) and an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Carvone has been detected in multiple biofluids, such as saliva and urine. Within the cell, carvone is primarily located in the cytoplasm. Carvone exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-CarvoneChEBI
2-Methyl-5-(1-methyl-1-ethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-oneChEBI
2-Methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-oneChEBI
2-Methyl-5-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-2-enoneChEBI
2-Methyl-5-isopropenyl-2-cyclohexenoneChEBI
5-Isopropenyl-2-methylcyclohex-2-en-1-oneChEBI
CarvolChEBI
CarvonChEBI
KarvonChEBI
P-Mentha-6,8-dien-2-oneChEBI
Chemical FormulaC10H14O
Average Molecular Weight150.221
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight150.104465071
IUPAC Name2-methyl-5-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one
Traditional Namecarvone
CAS Registry Number22327-39-5
SMILES
CC(=C)C1CC=C(C)C(=O)C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H14O/c1-7(2)9-5-4-8(3)10(11)6-9/h4,9H,1,5-6H2,2-3H3
InChI KeyULDHMXUKGWMISQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as menthane monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenoids with a structure based on the o-, m-, or p-menthane backbone. P-menthane consists of the cyclohexane ring with a methyl group and a (2-methyl)-propyl group at the 1 and 4 ring position, respectively. The o- and m- menthanes are much rarer, and presumably arise by alkyl migration of p-menthanes.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassMonoterpenoids
Direct ParentMenthane monoterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Menthane monoterpenoid
  • Monocyclic monoterpenoid
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.16 g/LALOGPS
logP2.77ALOGPS
logP2.55ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity47.17 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.66 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f8c-9100000000-64d2436851c170c3898aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-3900000000-1935fc84143fcf43b855View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-4900000000-856f6fa492156b47d6abView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f8c-9100000000-64d2436851c170c3898aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-3900000000-1935fc84143fcf43b855View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-4900000000-856f6fa492156b47d6abView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0f8l-9200000000-0d07518eb09c4d6d7512View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-62861ac4cbf0b95e5069View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-5900000000-b282dcb5d4a98c3f852fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-1000-9100000000-0fd631d26260645c64aeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-97d37f99bcaf0ed7d108View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-1817a8dceee7a31df4e0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-001l-6900000000-581a45ee1ec95e201138View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0kai-9100000000-ea28fdf9d5478ea50fe2View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB014614
KNApSAcK IDC00035062
Chemspider ID21106424
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound7439
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID38265
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .
  6. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.