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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2014-04-11 22:16:54 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 09:40:38 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0061652
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB61652
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-hydroxyhexanoic acid
DescriptionDL-3-Hydroxy caproic acid, also known as 3-hydroxycaproate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain hydroxy acids and derivatives. These are hydroxy acids with a 6 to 12 carbon atoms long side chain. DL-3-Hydroxy caproic acid is soluble (in water) and a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). DL-3-Hydroxy caproic acid can be converted into ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Hydroxycaproic acidChEBI
3-HydroxycaproateGenerator
DL-3-Hydroxy caproateGenerator
3-HydroxyhexanoateMeSH
Chemical FormulaC6H12O3
Average Molecular Weight132.1577
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight132.07864425
IUPAC Name3-hydroxyhexanoic acid
Traditional Name3-hydroxyhexanoic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CCCC(O)CC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H12O3/c1-2-3-5(7)4-6(8)9/h5,7H,2-4H2,1H3,(H,8,9)
InChI KeyHPMGFDVTYHWBAG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain hydroxy acids and derivatives. These are hydroxy acids with a 6 to 12 carbon atoms long side chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassHydroxy acids and derivatives
Sub ClassMedium-chain hydroxy acids and derivatives
Direct ParentMedium-chain hydroxy acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain hydroxy acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxide
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Not Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility133 g/LALOGPS
logP0.57ALOGPS
logP0.58ChemAxon
logS0ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.67ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity32.59 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability14.02 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-100ee7006e58dd6e08bdView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-009i-9330000000-5a1f5b24235b7a70fabaView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-4900000000-30c4baaade5df779cf3cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-014i-9500000000-06179b271a6a30ebe612View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-9366020b55f98c4b99ccView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-4900000000-a533a34c41cfa927da37View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0910-9500000000-218ad0956f77277b5f51View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9000000000-41e464de754e27c83f07View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified20 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified6-510 uMChildren (1-13 years old)Male3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Synthase Deficiency details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Metastatic melanoma
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Synthase Deficiency
  1. Thompson GN, Hsu BY, Pitt JJ, Treacy E, Stanley CA: Fasting hypoketotic coma in a child with deficiency of mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase. N Engl J Med. 1997 Oct 23;337(17):1203-7. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199710233371704. [PubMed:9337379 ]
Metastatic melanoma
  1. Frankel AE, Coughlin LA, Kim J, Froehlich TW, Xie Y, Frenkel EP, Koh AY: Metagenomic Shotgun Sequencing and Unbiased Metabolomic Profiling Identify Specific Human Gut Microbiota and Metabolites Associated with Immune Checkpoint Therapy Efficacy in Melanoma Patients. Neoplasia. 2017 Oct;19(10):848-855. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2017.08.004. Epub 2017 Sep 15. [PubMed:28923537 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 605911 (3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Synthase Deficiency)
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound151492
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID37035
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. The AOCS Lipid Library [Link]