Record Information
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-05-29 19:30:24 UTC
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGDP-L-fucose
DescriptionGDP-L-fucose is a sugar nucleotide and a readily available source of fucose. Fucose is a deoxyhexose that is found in nearly all plant and animal species. The monosaccharide plays several important metabolic roles in complex carbohydrates and in glycoproteins. Fucosylated oligosaccharides are involved in cell-cell recognition, selectin-mediated leukocyte-endothelial adhesion, and mouse embryogenesis. They form the basis of the Lewis-type blood group antigens, are involved in the formation of atherosclerosis, and mediate host-bacterial interactions. A decrease in the availability of fucose is associated with leukocyte adhesion deficiency type-II disorder, and fucosylated glycoproteins have been implicated in memory processes. Fucose is made available during the synthesis of fucosylated glycolipids, oligosaccharides, and glycoproteins via a sugar nucleotide intermediate, specifically GDP-L-fucose. GTP-L-fucose pyrophosphorylase (GFPP, E. C. catalyzes the reversible condensation of guanosine triphosphate and beta-L-fucose-1-phosphate to form the nucleotide-sugar GDP-L-fucose. The enzyme functions primarily in the mammalian liver and kidney to salvage free L-fucose during the breakdown of glycolipids and glycoproteins. (PMID: 16086588 ).
  1. (6-deoxy-beta-L-galactopyranosyl) ester
  2. GDP Fucose
  3. GDP-beta-L-Fucose
  4. Guanosine diphosphate fucose
  5. Guanosine diphosphofucose
Chemical FormulaC16H25N5O15P2
Average Molecular Weight589.3417
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight589.082238179
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(2-amino-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro-1H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}({[hydroxy({[(3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy})phosphinic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(2-amino-6-oxo-1H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy({hydroxy[(3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)phosphinic acid
CAS Registry Number15839-70-0
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, Nucleotides, and Analogues
ClassPurine Nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine Nucleotide Sugars
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • Purine Ribonucleoside Diphosphates
  • 1,2 Diol
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Disaccharide Phosphate
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Mixed Pentose/Hexose Disaccharide
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Organic Pyrophosphate
  • Oxane
  • Oxolane
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Purine
  • Purinone
  • Pyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct ParentPurine Nucleotide Sugars
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
  • Endogenous
  • Component of Fructose and mannose metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Golgi apparatus
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
water solubility7.04 g/LALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic)1.93ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic)1.31ChemAxon
physiological charge-2ChemAxon
hydrogen acceptor count15ChemAxon
hydrogen donor count9ChemAxon
polar surface area307.2ChemAxon
rotatable bond count8ChemAxon
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Golgi apparatus
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
  • Intestine
  • Kidney
  • Neuron
  • Placenta
  • Platelet
  • Prostate
  • Skin
  • Spleen
Fructose and Mannose DegradationSMP00064map00051
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021816
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388350
KEGG Compound IDC00325
BiGG ID34623
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01095
Metagene LinkHMDB01095
PubChem Compound439211
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17009
Synthesis ReferenceYamamoto, Kenji; Maruyama, Takashi; Kumagai, Hidehiko; Tochikura, Tatsurokuro; Seno, Taiko; Yamaguchi, Hideo. Preparation of GDP-L-fucose by using microbial enzymes. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry (1984), 48(3), 823-4.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Qi H, Fournier A, Grenier J, Fillion C, Labrie Y, Labrie C: Isolation of the novel human guanine nucleotide exchange factor Src homology 3 domain-containing guanine nucleotide exchange factor (SGEF) and of C-terminal SGEF, an N-terminally truncated form of SGEF, the expression of which is regulated by androgen in prostate cancer cells. Endocrinology. 2003 May;144(5):1742-52. Pubmed: 12697679
  2. Quirk S, Seley KL: Substrate discrimination by the human GTP fucose pyrophosphorylase. Biochemistry. 2005 Aug 16;44(32):10854-63. Pubmed: 16086588
  3. Sawamura D, Abe R, Goto M, Akiyama M, Hemmi H, Akira S, Shimizu H: Direct injection of plasmid DNA into the skin induces dermatitis by activation of monocytes through toll-like receptor 9. J Gene Med. 2005 May;7(5):664-71. Pubmed: 15655803
  4. Sales ME, Sterin-Borda L, de Bracco MM, Rodriguez M, Narbaitz M, Borda E: IgA from HIV+ haemophilic patients triggers intracellular signals coupled to the cholinergic system of the intestine. Clin Exp Immunol. 1997 Nov;110(2):189-95. Pubmed: 9367401
  5. Palma AS, Morais VA, Coelho AV, Costa J: Effect of the manganese ion on human alpha3/4 fucosyltransferase III activity. Biometals. 2004 Feb;17(1):35-43. Pubmed: 14977360
  6. Yegorov YE, Kazimirchuk EV, Terekhov SM, Karachentsev DN, Shirokova EA, Khandazhinskaya AL, Meshcheryakova JA, Corey DR, Zelenin AV: Telomerase-dependent reactivation of DNA synthesis in macrophages implies alteration of telomeres. Cell Biol Int. 2002;26(12):1019-27. Pubmed: 12468377
  7. Coates SW Jr, Hogenauer C, Santa Ana CA, Rosenblatt RL, Emmett M, Fordtran JS: Inhibition of neutral sodium absorption by a prostaglandin analogue in patients with cystic fibrosis. Gastroenterology. 2004 Jul;127(1):65-72. Pubmed: 15236173
  8. Galiegue S, Mary S, Marchand J, Dussossoy D, Carriere D, Carayon P, Bouaboula M, Shire D, Le Fur G, Casellas P: Expression of central and peripheral cannabinoid receptors in human immune tissues and leukocyte subpopulations. Eur J Biochem. 1995 Aug 15;232(1):54-61. Pubmed: 7556170
  9. Anfossi G, Russo I, Massucco P, Mattiello L, Doronzo G, De Salve A, Trovati M: Impaired synthesis and action of antiaggregating cyclic nucleotides in platelets from obese subjects: possible role in platelet hyperactivation in obesity. Eur J Clin Invest. 2004 Jul;34(7):482-9. Pubmed: 15255785
  10. Rastaldi MP, Armelloni S, Berra S, Li M, Pesaresi M, Poczewski H, Langer B, Kerjaschki D, Henger A, Blattner SM, Kretzler M, Wanke R, D'Amico G: Glomerular podocytes possess the synaptic vesicle molecule Rab3A and its specific effector rabphilin-3a. Am J Pathol. 2003 Sep;163(3):889-99. Pubmed: 12937130
  11. Sibley CP, Hochberg A, Boime I: Bromo-adenosine stimulates choriogonadotropin production in JAr and cytotrophoblast cells: evidence for effects on two stages of differentiation. Mol Endocrinol. 1991 Apr;5(4):582-6. Pubmed: 1922090
  12. Rosenfeldt HM, Hobson JP, Milstien S, Spiegel S: The sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor EDG-1 is essential for platelet-derived growth factor-induced cell motility. Biochem Soc Trans. 2001 Nov;29(Pt 6):836-9. Pubmed: 11709084
  13. Huopaniemi L, Kolmer M, Niittymaki J, Pelto-Huikko M, Renkonen R: Inflammation-induced transcriptional regulation of Golgi transporters required for the synthesis of sulfo sLex glycan epitopes. Glycobiology. 2004 Dec;14(12):1285-94. Epub 2004 Jul 21. Pubmed: 15269183
  14. Noda K, Miyoshi E, Gu J, Gao CX, Nakahara S, Kitada T, Honke K, Suzuki K, Yoshihara H, Yoshikawa K, Kawano K, Tonetti M, Kasahara A, Hori M, Hayashi N, Taniguchi N: Relationship between elevated FX expression and increased production of GDP-L-fucose, a common donor substrate for fucosylation in human hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatoma cell lines. Cancer Res. 2003 Oct 1;63(19):6282-9. Pubmed: 14559815
  15. Jakob G, Mair J, Vorderwinkler KP, Judmaier G, Konig P, Zwierzina H, Pichler M, Puschendorf B: Clinical significance of urinary cyclic guanosine monophosphate in diagnosis of heart failure. Clin Chem. 1994 Jan;40(1):96-100. Pubmed: 8287551
  16. da Silva CD, Brunini TM, Reis PF, Moss MB, Santos SF, Roberts NB, Ellory JC, Mann GE, Mendes-Ribeiro AC: Effects of nutritional status on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway in platelets from hemodialysis patients. Kidney Int. 2005 Nov;68(5):2173-9. Pubmed: 16221216
  17. Andre M, Latado H, Felley-Bosco E: Inducible nitric oxide synthase-dependent stimulation of PKGI and phosphorylation of VASP in human embryonic kidney cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 2005 Feb 15;69(4):595-602. Epub 2004 Dec 22. Pubmed: 15670578
  18. Benitah SA, Frye M, Glogauer M, Watt FM: Stem cell depletion through epidermal deletion of Rac1. Science. 2005 Aug 5;309(5736):933-5. Pubmed: 16081735


Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Guanosine triphosphate + Fucose 1-phosphate unknown Pyrophosphate + GDP-L-fucosedetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramide unknown Guanosine diphosphate + alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramidedetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramide unknown Guanosine diphosphate + alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramidedetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + NADP unknown GDP-4-Dehydro-6-deoxy-D-mannose + NADPHdetails
GDP-L-fucose + NADP unknown GDP-4-Dehydro-6-deoxy-D-mannose + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R unknown Guanosine diphosphate + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-(alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->4))-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-Rdetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + N(4)-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->2)-alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->3)-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->2)-alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->6))-beta-D-mannosyl-(1->4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl)asparagine unknown Guanosine diphosphate + N(4)-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->2)-alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->3)-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->2)-alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->6))-beta-D-mannosyl-(1->4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->4)-(alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->6))-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl)asparaginedetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R unknown Guanosine diphosphate + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-(alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->4))-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-Rdetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + alpha-2,3-Neu-N-acetyl-1,4-beta-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R unknown Guanosine diphosphate + alpha-2,3-Neu-N-acetyl-1,4-beta-D-galactosyl-(alpha-1,3-L-fucosyl)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-Rdetails
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R unknown Guanosine diphosphate + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-(alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->4))-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-Rdetails