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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01178
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAdenosine diphosphate ribose
DescriptionAdenosine diphosphate ribose is a molecule formed into poly(ADP-ribose) or PAR chains by the enzyme poly ADP ribose polymerase or PARP. PARP is found in every cell nucleus. Its main role is to detect and signal single-strand DNA breaks (SSB) to the enzymatic machinery involved in the SSB repair. PARP activation is an immediate cellular response to metabolic, chemical, or radiation-induced DNA SSB damage. Once PARP detects a SSB, it binds to the DNA, and, after a structural change, begins the synthesis of a poly (ADP-ribose) chain (PAR) as a signal for the other DNA-repairing enzymes such as DNA ligase III (LigIII), DNA polymerase beta, and scaffolding proteins such as X-ray cross-complementing gene 1 (XRCC1). After repairing, the PAR chains are degraded via PAR glycohydrolase (PARG). ADP-ribose binds to and activates the TRPM2 ion channel. Adenosine diphosphate ribose is an intermediate in NAD metabolism. The enzyme NAD(P)+ nucleosidase [EC:3.2.2.6] catalyzes the production of this metabolite from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. This reaction is irreversible and occurs in the cytosol.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(Rib5)ppaHMDB
5-(Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphoryl)-D-riboseHMDB
a5'pp5RIbHMDB
Adenosine 5'-diphosphoriboseHMDB
AdoPPRibHMDB
ADP RiboseHMDB
ADP-D-RiboseHMDB
ADP-RibHMDB
ADP-RiboseHMDB
ADPriboseHMDB
D-Ribofuranos-5-yl-ADPHMDB
Ribose adenosine diphosphateHMDB
[5-(6-Aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methyl [hydroxy-[(3,4,5-trihydroxyoxolan-2-yl)methoxy]phosphoryl] hydrogen phosphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC15H23N5O14P2
Average Molecular Weight559.3157
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight559.071673493
IUPAC Name{[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}({hydroxy[(3,4,5-trihydroxyoxolan-2-yl)methoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphinic acid
Traditional Nameadp ribose
CAS Registry Number20762-30-5
SMILES
NC1=C2N=CN(C3OC(COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OCC4OC(O)C(O)C4O)C(O)C3O)C2=NC=N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C15H23N5O14P2/c16-12-7-13(18-3-17-12)20(4-19-7)14-10(23)8(21)5(32-14)1-30-35(26,27)34-36(28,29)31-2-6-9(22)11(24)15(25)33-6/h3-6,8-11,14-15,21-25H,1-2H2,(H,26,27)(H,28,29)(H2,16,17,18)
InChI KeyInChIKey=SRNWOUGRCWSEMX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine nucleotide sugars. These are purine nucleotides bound to a saccharide derivative through the terminal phosphate group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine nucleotide sugars
Direct ParentPurine nucleotide sugars
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine nucleotide sugar
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Saccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Hemiacetal
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Component of purine metabolism
  • Second messenger
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.61 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-6.7ChemAxon
logS-2.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count15ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area291.52 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity111.12 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability46.75 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Prostate
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
2-Hydroxyglutric Aciduria (D And L Form)SMP00136Not Available
4-Hydroxybutyric Aciduria/Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00243Not Available
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency (APRT)SMP00535Not Available
Adenosine Deaminase DeficiencySMP00144Not Available
Adenylosuccinate Lyase DeficiencySMP00167Not Available
AICA-RibosiduriaSMP00168Not Available
Azathioprine PathwaySMP00427Not Available
Glutamate MetabolismSMP00072map00250
Gout or Kelley-Seegmiller SyndromeSMP00365Not Available
HomocarnosinosisSMP00385Not Available
Hyperinsulinism-Hyperammonemia SyndromeSMP00339Not Available
Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome (LNS)SMP00364Not Available
Mercaptopurine PathwaySMP00428Not Available
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeSMP00536Not Available
Molybdenum Cofactor DeficiencySMP00203Not Available
Myoadenylate deaminase deficiencySMP00537Not Available
Nicotinate and Nicotinamide MetabolismSMP00048map00760
Purine MetabolismSMP00050map00230
Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase DeficiencySMP00210Not Available
Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiencySMP00567Not Available
Thioguanine PathwaySMP00430Not Available
Xanthine Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Xanthinuria)SMP00220Not Available
Xanthinuria type ISMP00512Not Available
Xanthinuria type IISMP00513Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022468
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID187
KEGG Compound IDC00301
BioCyc IDADENOSINE_DIPHOSPHATE_RIBOSE
BiGG ID34547
Wikipedia LinkAdenosine_diphosphate_ribose
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01178
Metagene LinkHMDB01178
METLIN ID6059
PubChem Compound192
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16960
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Hardie WD, Wright PE, Bernard GR: Effects of intravenous amphotericin B infusion on hemodynamics and airway mechanics in awake sheep. Chest. 1991 Feb;99(2):457-62. [1989809 ]
  2. Garcia-Szabo R, Kern DF, Malik AB: Pulmonary vascular response to thrombin: effects of thromboxane synthetase inhibition with OKY-046 and OKY-1581. Prostaglandins. 1984 Dec;28(6):851-66. [6543018 ]
  3. Vela-Navarrete R, Escribano-Burgos M, Farre AL, Garcia-Cardoso J, Manzarbeitia F, Carrasco C: Serenoa repens treatment modifies bax/bcl-2 index expression and caspase-3 activity in prostatic tissue from patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2005 Feb;173(2):507-10. [15643230 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes with similar activities ADP-ribose ADP-mannose, ADP-glucose, 8-oxo-GDP and 8-oxo-dGDP. Can also hydrolyze other nucleotide sugars with low activity.
Gene Name:
NUDT5
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKK9
Molecular weight:
24327.41
Reactions
Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphatedetails
Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes ADP-ribose (ADPR) to AMP and ribose 5'-phosphate.
Gene Name:
NUDT9
Uniprot ID:
Q9BW91
Molecular weight:
35448.725
Reactions
Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphatedetails
Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in NAD+ nucleosidase activity
Specific function:
Synthesizes cyclic ADP-ribose, a second messenger that elicits calcium release from intracellular stores. May be involved in pre-B-cell growth.
Gene Name:
BST1
Uniprot ID:
Q10588
Molecular weight:
35723.545
Reactions
NAD + Water → Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Niacinamidedetails
General function:
Involved in NAD+ nucleosidase activity
Specific function:
Synthesizes cyclic ADP-ribose, a second messenger for glucose-induced insulin secretion. Also has cADPr hydrolase activity. Also moonlights as a receptor in cells of the immune system.
Gene Name:
CD38
Uniprot ID:
P28907
Molecular weight:
34328.145
Reactions
NAD + Water → Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Niacinamidedetails
General function:
Involved in ion channel activity
Specific function:
Nonselective, voltage-independent cation channel mediating sodium and calcium ion influx in response to oxidative stress. Extracellular calcium passes through the channel and acts from the intracellular side as a positive regulator in channel activation. Activated by ADP-ribose, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), reactive nitrogen species and arachidonic acid. Inactivated by intracellular ATP. Confers susceptibility to cell death following oxidative stress. Isoform 2 does not seem to be regulated by ADPR. Has ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase activity.
Gene Name:
TRPM2
Uniprot ID:
O94759
Molecular weight:
171224.9
Reactions
Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reverse reaction of mono-ADP-ribosylation.
Gene Name:
ADPRH
Uniprot ID:
P54922
Molecular weight:
39506.34
Reactions
Protein-N(omega)-(ADP-D-ribosyl)-L-arginine + Water → Adenosine diphosphate ribose + protein-L-argininedetails
ADP-Ribosyl-L-arginine + Water → Adenosine diphosphate ribose + L-Argininedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes ADP-ribose, IDP-ribose, CDP-glycerol, CDP-choline and CDP-ethanolamine, but not other non-reducing ADP-sugars or CDP-glucose. May be involved in immune cell signaling as suggested by the second-messenger role of ADP-ribose, which activates TRPM2 as a mediator of oxidative/nitrosative stress (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ADPRM
Uniprot ID:
Q3LIE5
Molecular weight:
39529.105
Reactions
Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphatedetails
Adenosine diphosphate ribose + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphatedetails