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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:10:05 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01201
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGuanosine diphosphate
DescriptionGuanosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate). A guanine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside guanosine. GDP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase guanine. GDP is the product of GTP dephosphorylation by GTPases, e.g. the G-proteins that are involved in signal transduction.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 5'-GDP
  2. GDP
  3. Guanosine 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate)
  4. Guanosine 5'-diphosphate
  5. Guanosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  6. Guanosine mono(trihydrogen diphosphate)
  7. Guanosine pyrophosphate
  8. Guanosine-5'-diphosphate
  9. Guanosine-diphosphate
  10. PpG
Chemical FormulaC10H15N5O11P2
Average Molecular Weight443.2005
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight443.024329371
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(2-amino-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro-1H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(2-amino-6-oxo-1H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number146-91-8
SMILES
NC1=NC2=C(N=CN2[C@@H]2O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]2O)C(=O)N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H15N5O11P2/c11-10-13-7-4(8(18)14-10)12-2-15(7)9-6(17)5(16)3(25-9)1-24-28(22,23)26-27(19,20)21/h2-3,5-6,9,16-17H,1H2,(H,22,23)(H2,19,20,21)(H3,11,13,14,18)/t3-,5-,6-,9-/m1/s1
InChI KeyQGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, Nucleotides, and Analogues
ClassPurine Nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine Ribonucleotides
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • Ribonucleotides(KEGG)
  • guanosine 5'-phosphate(ChEBI)
  • purine ribonucleoside 5'-diphosphate(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide Phosphate
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Organic Pyrophosphate
  • Oxolane
  • Pentose Monosaccharide
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Purine
  • Purinone
  • Pyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct ParentPurine Ribonucleoside Diphosphates
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Fructose and mannose metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Golgi apparatus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
water solubility4.44 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.5ALOGPS
logP-3.5ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic)1.97ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic)1.35ChemAxon
physiological charge-2ChemAxon
hydrogen acceptor count12ChemAxon
hydrogen donor count7ChemAxon
polar surface area248.28ChemAxon
rotatable bond count6ChemAxon
refractivity86.37ChemAxon
polarizability35.28ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraMS/MS1D NMR2D NMR
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Golgi apparatus
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Citric Acid CycleSMP00057map00020
GluconeogenesisSMP00128map00010
Purine MetabolismSMP00050map00230
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified15.0 +/- 2.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified18.0 +/- 8.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified1.86 +/- 0.027 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified2.11 +/- 1.93 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothRachialgia details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified4.05 +/- 0.03 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothSubarachnoid hemorrhage details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.99 +/- 1.32 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothEpilepsy details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified2.55 +/- 1.62 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Stroke
details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified2.59 +/- 1.77 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNeuroinfection details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. Pubmed: 15993662
Epilepsy
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. Pubmed: 15993662
Neuroinfection
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. Pubmed: 15993662
Rachialgia
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. Pubmed: 15993662
Stroke
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. Pubmed: 15993662
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022487
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID8630
KEGG Compound IDC00035
BioCyc IDGDP-4-DEHYDRO-6-DEOXY-D-MANNOSE
BiGG ID33599
Wikipedia LinkGDP
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01201
Metagene LinkHMDB01201
METLIN ID6077
PubChem Compound8977
PDB IDGDP
ChEBI ID17552
References
Synthesis ReferenceEdlin, Gordon; Donini, P. Synthesis of guanosine 5'-diphosphate, 2'-(or 3'-) diphosphate, and related nucleotides in a variety of physiological conditions. Journal of Biological Chemistry (1971), 246(13), 4371-3.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Chantin C, Bonin B, Boulieu R, Bory C: Liquid-chromatographic study of purine metabolism abnormalities in purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency. Clin Chem. 1996 Feb;42(2):326-8. Pubmed: 8595732

Only showing the first 50 proteins. There are 230 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate + Water → Guanosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
Guanosine triphosphate + Water → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate + Water → Guanosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Has a threefold preference for the hydrolysis of ATP over ADP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD3
Uniprot ID:
O75355
Molecular weight:
59104.76
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate + Water → Guanosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
Guanosine triphosphate + Water → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Phosphorylates uridine and cytidine to uridine monophosphate and cytidine monophosphate. Does not phosphorylate deoxyribonucleosides or purine ribonucleosides. Can use ATP or GTP as a phosphate donor. Can also phosphorylate cytidine and uridine nucleoside analogs such as 6-azauridine, 5-fluorouridine, 4-thiouridine, 5-bromouridine, N(4)-acetylcytidine, N(4)-benzoylcytidine, 5-fluorocytidine, 2-thiocytidine, 5-methylcytidine, and N(4)-anisoylcytidine.
Gene Name:
UCK1
Uniprot ID:
Q9HA47
Molecular weight:
22760.43
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Cytidine → Guanosine diphosphate + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
Guanosine triphosphate + Uridine → Guanosine diphosphate + Uridine 5'-monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NME4
Uniprot ID:
O00746
Molecular weight:
20658.45
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Guanosine diphosphate → ADP + Guanosine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in oxidation reduction
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides.
Gene Name:
RRM1
Uniprot ID:
P23921
Molecular weight:
90069.375
Reactions
dGDP + Thioredoxin disulfide + Water → Guanosine diphosphate + Thioredoxindetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Possesses nucleoside-diphosphate kinase, serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, geranyl and farnesyl pyrophosphate kinase, histidine protein kinase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities. Involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development, signal transduction, G protein-coupled receptor endocytosis, and gene expression. Required for neural development including neural patterning and cell fate determination.
Gene Name:
NME1
Uniprot ID:
P15531
Molecular weight:
17148.635
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Guanosine diphosphate → ADP + Guanosine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate.
Gene Name:
NME7
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y5B8
Molecular weight:
42491.365
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Guanosine diphosphate → ADP + Guanosine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. Inhibits Wnt signaling.
Gene Name:
RRM2
Uniprot ID:
P31350
Molecular weight:
44877.25
Reactions
dGDP + Thioredoxin disulfide + Water → Guanosine diphosphate + Thioredoxindetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Negatively regulates Rho activity by interacting with AKAP13/LBC. Acts as a transcriptional activator of the MYC gene; binds DNA non-specifically (PubMed:8392752). Exhibits histidine protein kinase activity.
Gene Name:
NME2
Uniprot ID:
P22392
Molecular weight:
30136.92
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Guanosine diphosphate → ADP + Guanosine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Probably has a role in normal hematopoiesis by inhibition of granulocyte differentiation and induction of apoptosis.
Gene Name:
NME3
Uniprot ID:
Q13232
Molecular weight:
19014.85
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Guanosine diphosphate → ADP + Guanosine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Inhibitor of p53-induced apoptosis.
Gene Name:
NME6
Uniprot ID:
O75414
Molecular weight:
22002.965
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Guanosine diphosphate → ADP + Guanosine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase acti
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of GDP-L-fucose from GTP and L-fucose-1-phosphate. Functions as a salvage pathway to reutilize L-fucose arising from the turnover of glycoproteins and glycolipids.
Gene Name:
FPGT
Uniprot ID:
O14772
Molecular weight:
37630.405
General function:
Involved in biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Mannosylates Man(2)GlcNAc(2)-dolichol diphosphate and Man(1)GlcNAc(2)-dolichol diphosphate to form Man(3)GlcNAc(2)-dolichol diphosphate.
Gene Name:
ALG2
Uniprot ID:
Q9H553
Molecular weight:
47091.075
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate mannose + D-Man-beta-(1->4)-D-GlcNAc-beta-(1->4)-D-GlcNAc-diphosphodolichol → Guanosine diphosphate + D-Man-alpha-(1->3)-D-Man-beta-(1->4)-D-GlcNAc-beta-(1->4)-GlcNAc-diphosphodolicholdetails
Guanosine diphosphate mannose + D-Man-alpha-(1->3)-D-Man-beta-(1->4)-D-GlcNAc-beta-(1->4)-D-GlcNAc-diphosphodolichol → Guanosine diphosphate + D-Man-alpha-(1->3)-(D-Man-alpha-(1->6))-D-Man-beta-(1->4)-D-GlcNAc-beta-(1->4)-D-GlcNAc-diphosphodolicholdetails
General function:
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis
Specific function:
Transfers mannose from GDP-mannose to dolichol monophosphate to form dolichol phosphate mannose (Dol-P-Man) which is the mannosyl donor in pathways leading to N-glycosylation, glycosyl phosphatidylinositol membrane anchoring, and O-mannosylation of proteins.
Gene Name:
DPM1
Uniprot ID:
O60762
Molecular weight:
29633.995
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate mannose + Dolichol-20 → Guanosine diphosphate + Dolichyl beta-D-mannosyl phosphatedetails
Guanosine diphosphate mannose + Dolichol-20 → Guanosine diphosphate + Dolichyl phosphate D-mannosedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Conversion of GDP-D-mannose to GDP-4-keto-6-D-deoxymannose.
Gene Name:
GMDS
Uniprot ID:
O60547
Molecular weight:
39053.295
General function:
Involved in galactoside 2-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Creates a soluble precursor oligosaccharide FuC-alpha ((1,2)Galbeta-) called the H antigen which is an essential substrate for the final step in the soluble A and B antigen synthesis pathway. H and Se enzymes fucosylate the same acceptor substrates but exhibit different Km values.
Gene Name:
FUT2
Uniprot ID:
Q10981
Molecular weight:
39016.84
Reactions
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramide → Guanosine diphosphate + alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramidedetails
General function:
Involved in galactoside 2-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Creates a soluble precursor oligosaccharide FuC-alpha ((1,2)Galbeta-) called the H antigen which is an essential substrate for the final step in the soluble A and B antigen synthesis pathway. H and Se enzymes fucosylate the same acceptor substrates but exhibit different Km values.
Gene Name:
FUT1
Uniprot ID:
P19526
Molecular weight:
41251.11
Reactions
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramide → Guanosine diphosphate + alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->3)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramidedetails
General function:
Involved in 6-phosphofructokinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the third step of glycolysis, the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate (F6P) by ATP to generate fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) and ADP.
Gene Name:
PFKP
Uniprot ID:
Q01813
Molecular weight:
85595.405
General function:
Involved in 6-phosphofructokinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the third step of glycolysis, the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate (F6P) by ATP to generate fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) and ADP.
Gene Name:
PFKL
Uniprot ID:
P17858
Molecular weight:
85017.825
General function:
Involved in 6-phosphofructokinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the third step of glycolysis, the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate (F6P) by ATP to generate fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) and ADP.
Gene Name:
PFKM
Uniprot ID:
P08237
Molecular weight:
85181.925
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. Stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio betwween the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival.
Gene Name:
PKM
Uniprot ID:
P14618
Molecular weight:
65930.14
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Pyruvic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoenolpyruvic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Plays a key role in glycolysis (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PKLR
Uniprot ID:
P30613
Molecular weight:
61829.575
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Pyruvic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoenolpyruvic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes preferentially nucleoside 5'-diphosphates, nucleoside 5'-triphosphates are hydrolyzed only to a minor extent. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP >> GDP = CDP = TDP, AMP, ADP, ATP and UMP are not substrates. Preferred substrates for isoform 2 are CTP, UDP, CDP, GTP and GDP, while isoform 1 utilizes UTP and TTP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD4
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y227
Molecular weight:
69419.915
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate + Water → Guanosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Might support glycosylation reactions in the Golgi apparatus and, when released from cells, might catalyze the hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides. Hydrolyzes preferentially nucleoside 5'-diphosphates, nucleoside 5'-triphosphates are hydrolyzed only to a minor extent, there is no hydrolysis of nucleoside 5'-monophosphates. The order of activity with different substrates is GDP > IDP >> UDP = CDP >> ADP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENTPD6
Uniprot ID:
O75354
Molecular weight:
51159.26
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate + Water → Guanosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Uridine diphosphatase (UDPase) that promotes protein N-glycosylation and ATP level regulation. UDP hydrolysis promotes protein N-glycosylation and folding in the endoplasmic reticulum, as well as elevated ATP consumption in the cytosol via an ATP hydrolysis cycle. Together with CMPK1 and AK1, constitutes an ATP hydrolysis cycle that converts ATP to AMP and results in a compensatory increase in aerobic glycolysis. Also hydrolyzes GDP and IDP but not any other nucleoside di-, mono- or triphosphates, nor thiamine pyrophosphate. Plays a key role in the AKT1-PTEN signaling pathway by promoting glycolysis in proliferating cells in response to phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENTPD5
Uniprot ID:
O75356
Molecular weight:
47516.985
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate + Water → Guanosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in adenylosuccinate synthase activity
Specific function:
Plays an important role in the de novo pathway and in the salvage pathway of purine nucleotide biosynthesis. Catalyzes the first committed step in the biosynthesis of AMP from IMP.
Gene Name:
ADSS
Uniprot ID:
P30520
Molecular weight:
50097.075
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Inosinic acid + L-Aspartic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric acid + Adenylsuccinic aciddetails
Guanosine triphosphate + Inosinic acid + L-Aspartic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric acid + N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMPdetails
General function:
Involved in adenylosuccinate synthase activity
Specific function:
Component of the purine nucleotide cycle (PNC), which interconverts IMP and AMP to regulate the nucleotide levels in various tissues, and which contributes to glycolysis and ammoniagenesis. Catalyzes the first committed step in the biosynthesis of AMP from IMP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ADSSL1
Uniprot ID:
Q8N142
Molecular weight:
50208.16
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Inosinic acid + L-Aspartic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric acid + Adenylsuccinic aciddetails
Guanosine triphosphate + Inosinic acid + L-Aspartic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric acid + N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMPdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the ATP- or GTP-dependent ligation of succinate and CoA to form succinyl-CoA. The nature of the beta subunit determines the nucleotide specificity (By similarity).
Gene Name:
SUCLG1
Uniprot ID:
P53597
Molecular weight:
36249.505
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Succinic acid + Coenzyme A → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric acid + Succinyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of oxaloacetate (OAA) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), the rate-limiting step in the metabolic pathway that produces glucose from lactate and other precursors derived from the citric acid cycle (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PCK2
Uniprot ID:
Q16822
Molecular weight:
47563.34
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Oxalacetic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoenolpyruvic acid + CO(2)details
Guanosine triphosphate + Oxalacetic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoenolpyruvic acid + Carbon dioxidedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the GTP-dependent ligation of succinate and CoA to form succinyl-CoA (By similarity).
Gene Name:
SUCLG2
Uniprot ID:
Q96I99
Molecular weight:
47731.605
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Succinic acid + Coenzyme A → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric acid + Succinyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of oxaloacetate (OAA) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), the rate-limiting step in the metabolic pathway that produces glucose from lactate and other precursors derived from the citric acid cycle.
Gene Name:
PCK1
Uniprot ID:
P35558
Molecular weight:
69193.975
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Oxalacetic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoenolpyruvic acid + CO(2)details
Guanosine triphosphate + Oxalacetic acid → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoenolpyruvic acid + Carbon dioxidedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Two step NADP-dependent conversion of GDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-mannose to GDP-fucose, involving an epimerase and a reductase reaction.
Gene Name:
TSTA3
Uniprot ID:
Q13630
Molecular weight:
35892.46
General function:
Involved in guanylate kinase activity
Specific function:
Essential for recycling GMP and indirectly, cGMP.
Gene Name:
GUK1
Uniprot ID:
Q16774
Molecular weight:
21725.41
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Guanosine monophosphate → ADP + Guanosine diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the ATP-dependent ligation of succinate and CoA to form succinyl-CoA (By similarity).
Gene Name:
SUCLA2
Uniprot ID:
Q9P2R7
Molecular weight:
50316.88
Reactions
Guanosine triphosphate + Succinic acid + Coenzyme A → Guanosine diphosphate + Phosphoric acid + Succinyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in fucosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
May catalyze alpha-1,3 glycosidic linkages involved in the expression of VIM-2, Lewis X/SSEA-1 and sialyl Lewis X antigens.
Gene Name:
FUT5
Uniprot ID:
Q11128
Molecular weight:
42988.655
Reactions
GDP-L-fucose + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R → Guanosine diphosphate + beta-D-galactosyl-(1->3)-(alpha-L-fucosyl-(1->4))-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-Rdetails
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rap1A, Rap1B and Rap2B GTPases. Does not interact with cAMP or cGMP
Gene Name:
RAPGEF2
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y4G8
Molecular weight:
167415.5
General function:
Involved in 3'-5'-exoribonuclease activity
Specific function:
RNA-binding protein implicated in numerous RNA metabolic processes. Hydrolyzes single-stranded polyribonucleotides processively in the 3'-to-5' direction. Mitochondrial intermembrane factor with RNA-processing exoribonulease activity. Component of the mitochondrial degradosome (mtEXO) complex, that degrades 3' overhang double-stranded RNA with a 3'-to-5' directionality in an ATP-dependent manner. Required for correct processing and polyadenylation of mitochondrial mRNAs. Plays a role as a cytoplasmic RNA import factor that mediates the translocation of small RNA components, like the 5S RNA, the RNA subunit of ribonuclease P and the mitochondrial RNA-processing (MRP) RNA, into the mitochondrial matrix. Plays a role in mitochondrial morphogenesis and respiration; regulates the expression of the electron transport chain (ETC) components at the mRNA and protein levels. In the cytoplasm, shows a 3'-to-5' exoribonuclease mediating mRNA degradation activity; degrades c-myc mRNA upon treatment with IFNB1/IFN-beta, resulting in a growth arrest in melanoma cells. Regulates the stability of specific mature miRNAs in melanoma cells; specifically and selectively degrades miR-221, preferentially. Plays also a role in RNA cell surveillance by cleaning up oxidized RNAs. Binds to the RNA subunit of ribonuclease P, MRP RNA and miR-221 microRNA.
Gene Name:
PNPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCS8
Molecular weight:
85949.84
Reactions
RNA + Phosphoric acid → RNA + Guanosine diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in GTPase activator activity
Specific function:
Seems to play a role in the regulation of RhoA GTPase by guanine nucleotide-binding alpha-12 (GNA12) and alpha-13 (GNA13) subunits. Acts as GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for GNA12 and GNA13, and as guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RhoA GTPase. Activated G alpha 13/GNA13 stimulates the RhoGEF activity through interaction with the RGS-like domain. This GEF activity is inhibited by binding to activated GNA12
Gene Name:
ARHGEF1
Uniprot ID:
Q92888
Molecular weight:
102434.3
General function:
Involved in signal transducer activity
Specific function:
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement of GDP by GTP, and for G protein- effector interaction
Gene Name:
GNG2
Uniprot ID:
P59768
Molecular weight:
7850.0
General function:
Involved in GTP binding
Specific function:
Isoform B has an accelerated GEF-independent GDP/GTP exchange and an impaired GTP hydrolysis, which is restored partially by GTPase-activating proteins. It is able to bind to the GTPase-binding domain of PAK but not full-length PAK in a GTP- dependent manner, suggesting that the insertion does not completely abolish effector interaction
Gene Name:
RAC1
Uniprot ID:
P63000
Molecular weight:
21449.9
General function:
Involved in Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor activity
Specific function:
Inhibits GDP/GTP exchange reaction of RhoB. Interacts specifically with the GDP- and GTP-bound forms of post- translationally processed Rhob and Rhog proteins, both of which show a growth-regulated expression in mammalian cells. Stimulates the release of the GDP-bound but not the GTP-bound RhoB protein. Also inhibits the GDP/GTP exchange of RhoB but shows less ability to inhibit the dissociation of prebound GTP
Gene Name:
ARHGDIG
Uniprot ID:
Q99819
Molecular weight:
25097.8
General function:
Involved in signal transducer activity
Specific function:
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems. The G(s) protein is involved in hormonal regulation of adenylate cyclase:it activates the cyclase in response to beta-adrenergic stimuli
Gene Name:
GNAS
Uniprot ID:
P63092
Molecular weight:
45664.2
General function:
Involved in regulation of GTPase activity
Specific function:
Regulates the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of most Rab proteins by inhibiting the dissociation of GDP from them, and the subsequent binding of GTP to them
Gene Name:
GDI1
Uniprot ID:
P31150
Molecular weight:
50582.3
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that modulates the Rho family of GTPases. Promotes the conversion of some member of the Rho family GTPase from the GDP-bound to the GTP-bound form. Isoform 1 exhibits no activity toward RHOA, RAC1 or CDC42. Isoform 2 exhibits decreased GEF activity toward CDC42. Isoform 3 exhibits a weak but significant activity toward RAC1 and CDC42. Isoform 4 exhibits significant activity toward RHOA and CDC42. The truncated DBL oncogene is active toward RHOA, RAC1 and CDC42
Gene Name:
MCF2
Uniprot ID:
P10911
Molecular weight:
107672.4
General function:
Involved in GTP binding
Specific function:
Plasma membrane-associated small GTPase which cycles between an active GTP-bound and an inactive GDP-bound state. In active state binds to a variety of effector proteins to regulate cellular responses. Involved in epithelial cell polarization processes. Causes the formation of thin, actin-rich surface projections called filopodia
Gene Name:
CDC42
Uniprot ID:
P60953
Molecular weight:
21310.4
General function:
Involved in regulation of GTPase activity
Specific function:
Regulates the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of most Rab proteins by inhibiting the dissociation of GDP from them, and the subsequent binding of GTP to them
Gene Name:
GDI2
Uniprot ID:
P50395
Molecular weight:
50662.8
General function:
Involved in GTPase activator activity
Specific function:
Regulates the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of the Rho proteins by inhibiting the dissociation of GDP from them, and the subsequent binding of GTP to them
Gene Name:
ARHGDIA
Uniprot ID:
P52565
Molecular weight:
23206.9
General function:
Involved in GTPase activator activity
Specific function:
Regulates the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of the Rho proteins by inhibiting the dissociation of GDP from them, and the subsequent binding of GTP to them
Gene Name:
ARHGDIB
Uniprot ID:
P52566
Molecular weight:
22987.9
General function:
Involved in GTP binding
Specific function:
Plasma membrane-associated small GTPase which cycles between an active GTP-bound and inactive GDP-bound state. In active state binds to a variety of effector proteins to regulate cellular responses, such as secretory processes, phagocytose of apoptotic cells and epithelial cell polarization. Augments the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by NADPH oxidase
Gene Name:
RAC2
Uniprot ID:
P15153
Molecular weight:
21428.6

Only showing the first 50 proteins. There are 230 proteins in total.