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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:04:08 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01268
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01428
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-Fumarylacetoacetic acid
DescriptionFumarylacetoacetate is an intermediate in the metabolism of tyrosine. Fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) is an enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of 4-fumarylacetoacetate into fumarate and acetoacetate. FAH is the last enzyme in the tyrosine catabolism pathway. FAH deficiency is associated with Type 1 hereditary tyrosinemia.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
FumarylacetoacetoneChEBI
4-FumarylacetoacetateGenerator
(e)-4,6-dioxo-2-OctenedioateHMDB
(e)-4,6-dioxo-2-Octenedioic acidHMDB
4-Fumaryl-acetoacetateHMDB
FumarylacetoacetateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC8H8O6
Average Molecular Weight200.1455
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight200.032087988
IUPAC Name(2E)-4,6-dioxooct-2-enedioic acid
Traditional Name4-fumarylacetoacetic acid
CAS Registry Number28613-33-4
SMILES
OC(=O)CC(=O)CC(=O)\C=C\C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C8H8O6/c9-5(1-2-7(11)12)3-6(10)4-8(13)14/h1-2H,3-4H2,(H,11,12)(H,13,14)/b2-1+
InChI KeyInChIKey=GACSIVHAIFQKTC-OWOJBTEDSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain keto acids and derivatives. These are keto acids with a 6 to 12 carbon atoms long side chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassKeto acids and derivatives
Sub ClassMedium-chain keto acids and derivatives
Direct ParentMedium-chain keto acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain keto acid
  • 1,3-diketone
  • Beta-keto acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Beta-hydroxy ketone
  • Alpha,beta-unsaturated ketone
  • Enone
  • Acryloyl-group
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Tyrosine metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.65 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.19ALOGPS
logP0.4ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.05ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area108.74 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity44.4 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability17.28 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
AlkaptonuriaSMP00169Not Available
Disulfiram PathwaySMP00429Not Available
Dopamine beta-hydroxylase deficiencySMP00498Not Available
HawkinsinuriaSMP00190Not Available
Monoamine oxidase-a deficiency (MAO-A)SMP00533Not Available
Phenylalanine and Tyrosine MetabolismSMP00008map00360
PhenylketonuriaSMP00206Not Available
Tyrosine MetabolismSMP00006map00350
Tyrosinemia Type 2 (or Richner-Hanhart syndrome)SMP00369Not Available
Tyrosinemia Type 3 (TYRO3)SMP00370Not Available
Tyrosinemia Type ISMP00218Not Available
Tyrosinemia, transient, of the newbornSMP00494Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022522
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4444081
KEGG Compound IDC01061
BioCyc ID4-FUMARYL-ACETOACETATE
BiGG ID1485275
Wikipedia LinkFumarylacetoacetate
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01268
Metagene LinkHMDB01268
METLIN ID6123
PubChem Compound5280398
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID30907
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in fumarylacetoacetase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
FAH
Uniprot ID:
P16930
Molecular weight:
46373.97
Reactions
4-Fumarylacetoacetic acid + Water → Acetoacetic acid + Fumaric aciddetails
Acetoacetic acid + Fumaric acid → 4-Fumarylacetoacetic acid + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme showing minimal glutathione-conjugating activity with ethacrynic acid and 7-chloro-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and maleylacetoacetate isomerase activity. Has also low glutathione peroxidase activity with T-butyl and cumene hydroperoxides. Is able to catalyze the glutathione dependent oxygenation of dichloroacetic acid to glyoxylic acid.
Gene Name:
GSTZ1
Uniprot ID:
O43708
Molecular weight:
17895.68
Reactions
Maleylacetoacetic acid → 4-Fumarylacetoacetic aciddetails