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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:04:52 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01510
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBupropion
DescriptionBupropion is a selective catecholamine (norepinephrine and dopamine) reuptake inhibitor. It has only a small effect on serotonin reuptake. It does not inhibit MAO. The antidepressant effect of bupropion is considered to be mediated by its dopaminergic and noradrenergic action. Bupropion has also been shown to act as a competitive alpha-3-beta-4- nicotinic antagonist, the alpha-3-beta-4-antagonism has been shown to interrupt addiction in studies of other drugs such as ibogaine. This alpha-3-beta-4-antagonism correlates quite well with the observed effect of interrupting addiction. A unicyclic, aminoketone antidepressant. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not well understood, but it does appear to block dopamine uptake. The hydrochloride is available as an aid to smoking cessation treatment; Bupropion is a selective catecholamine (norepinephrine and dopamine) reuptake inhibitor. It has only a small effect on serotonin reuptake. It does not inhibit MAO. The antidepressant effect of bupropion is considered to be mediated by its dopaminergic and noradrenergic action. Bupropion has also been shown to act as a competitive alpha-3-beta-4-nicotinic antagonist, the alpha-3-beta-4-antagonism has been shown to interrupt addiction in studies of other drugs such as ibogaine. This alpha-3-beta-4-antagonism correlates quite well with the observed effect of interrupting addiction. Bupropion (amfebutamone) (brand names Wellbutrin and Zyban) is an antidepressant of the aminoketone class, chemically unrelated to tricyclics or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It is similar in structure to the stimulant cathinone, and to phenethylamines in general. It is a chemical derivative of diethylpropion, an amphetamine-like substance used as an anorectic. Bupropion is both a dopamine reuptake inhibitor and a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. It is often used as a smoking cessation aid.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
WellbutrinChEMBL
Wellbutrin SRChEMBL
ZybanChEMBL
(+-)-BupropionHMDB
AmfebutamonaHMDB
AmfebutamoneHMDB
AmfebutamonumHMDB
WellbatrinHMDB
Chemical FormulaC13H18ClNO
Average Molecular Weight239.741
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight239.10769191
IUPAC Name2-(tert-butylamino)-1-(3-chlorophenyl)propan-1-one
Traditional Namebupropion
CAS Registry Number34841-39-9
SMILES
CC(NC(C)(C)C)C(=O)C1=CC(Cl)=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C13H18ClNO/c1-9(15-13(2,3)4)12(16)10-6-5-7-11(14)8-10/h5-9,15H,1-4H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=SNPPWIUOZRMYNY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acetophenones. These are organic compounds containing the acetophenone structure.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassAcetophenones
Direct ParentAcetophenones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenylpropane
  • Acetophenone
  • Aryl alkyl ketone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Benzoyl
  • Halobenzene
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl chloride
  • Alpha-aminoketone
  • Ketone
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.069 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.28ALOGPS
logP3.27ChemAxon
logS-3.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.29ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.22ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area29.1 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity67.7 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability25.93 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Brain
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-4 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-2 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022664
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID431
KEGG Compound IDC06860
BioCyc IDCPD-3481
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkBupropion HCl
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01510
Metagene LinkHMDB01510
METLIN ID1435
PubChem Compound444
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID3219
References
Synthesis ReferenceXia, Min; Xu, Bao-feng. Study on synthesis of the amfebutamone hydrochloride. Shandong Huagong (2003), 32(3), 3-5.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Mooney ME, Sofuoglu M: Bupropion for the treatment of nicotine withdrawal and craving. Expert Rev Neurother. 2006 Jul;6(7):965-81. [16831112 ]
  2. Hesse LM, Sakai Y, Vishnuvardhan D, Li AP, von Moltke LL, Greenblatt DJ: Effect of bupropion on CYP2B6 and CYP3A4 catalytic activity, immunoreactive protein and mRNA levels in primary human hepatocytes: comparison with rifampicin. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2003 Sep;55(9):1229-39. [14604466 ]
  3. Goodnick PJ: Pharmacokinetic optimisation of therapy with newer antidepressants. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1994 Oct;27(4):307-30. [7834966 ]
  4. Inoue T, Kitaichi Y, Koyama T: [Treatment strategy of refractory depression and its presynaptic mechanism of action] Nihon Shinkei Seishin Yakurigaku Zasshi. 2003 Feb;23(1):11-20. [12690637 ]
  5. Hu KQ, Tiyyagura L, Kanel G, Redeker AG: Acute hepatitis induced by bupropion. Dig Dis Sci. 2000 Sep;45(9):1872-3. [11052334 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidative deamination of biogenic and xenobiotic amines and has important functions in the metabolism of neuroactive and vasoactive amines in the central nervous system and peripheral tissues. MAOB preferentially degrades benzylamine and phenylethylamine.
Gene Name:
MAOB
Uniprot ID:
P27338
Molecular weight:
58762.475
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular weight:
55768.94
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase.
Gene Name:
CYP2B6
Uniprot ID:
P20813
Molecular weight:
56277.81
General function:
Involved in neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
Specific function:
Amine transporter. Terminates the action of dopamine by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals.
Gene Name:
SLC6A3
Uniprot ID:
Q01959
Molecular weight:
68494.255

Transporters

General function:
Involved in neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
Specific function:
Amine transporter. Terminates the action of noradrenaline by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals.
Gene Name:
SLC6A2
Uniprot ID:
P23975
Molecular weight:
69331.42