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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 19:03:52 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001512
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01512
Metabolite Identification
Common NameThiamine triphosphate
DescriptionThiamine triphosphate is the triphosphate ester of thiamine. Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) was previously considered to be a specific neuroactive form of thiamine. However, it was recently shown that ThTP exists in bacteria, fungi, plants and animals suggesting a much more general cellular role. In particular, it seems to play a role in response to amino acid starvation. In mammals, ThTP is hydrolyzed by a specific thiamine triphosphatase. In Leigh's disease, this compound is present in decreased amounts in the brain due to a metabolic block in its formation.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Thiamin triphosphateChEBI
Thiamin triphosphoric acidGenerator
Thiamine triphosphoric acidGenerator
THTPHMDB
Triphosphate, thiaminMeSH
Triphosphate, thiamineMeSH
Chemical FormulaC12H20N4O10P3S
Average Molecular Weight505.294
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight505.011298106
IUPAC Name3-[(4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]-5-(2-{[hydroxy({[hydroxy(phosphonooxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}ethyl)-4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-3-ium
Traditional Namethiamin triphosphate
CAS Registry Number3475-65-8
SMILES
CC1=C(CCOP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)SC=[N+]1CC1=C(N)N=C(C)N=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C12H19N4O10P3S/c1-8-11(30-7-16(8)6-10-5-14-9(2)15-12(10)13)3-4-24-28(20,21)26-29(22,23)25-27(17,18)19/h5,7H,3-4,6H2,1-2H3,(H5-,13,14,15,17,18,19,20,21,22,23)/p+1
InChI KeyIWLROWZYZPNOFC-UHFFFAOYSA-O
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as thiamine phosphates. These are thiamine derivatives in which the hydroxyl group of the ethanol moiety is substituted by a phosphate group.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
Sub ClassDiazines
Direct ParentThiamine phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Thiamine-phosphate
  • 4,5-disubstituted 1,3-thiazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Imidolactam
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Thiazole
  • Azacycle
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic cation
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.37 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.49ALOGPS
logP-6.8ChemAxon
logS-3.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.9ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5.53ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area215.5 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count10ChemAxon
Refractivity106.02 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability41.52 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05bb-9674400000-b85f96fa15a79b807f57View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-1100090000-be999be10fb2a29960f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0k9i-3231970000-d7309409890edb94fbbdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052b-9820100000-7518cd452597a739fd3dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0000090000-7ac188b5e05c4f14c656View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-9000120000-50842bfa40a49ea4ede5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9320000000-6249c4331931f95b126cView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Thiamine MetabolismPw000036Pw000036 greyscalePw000036 simpleMap00730
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022666
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID496
KEGG Compound IDC03028
BioCyc IDCPD-611
BiGG ID41046
Wikipedia LinkThiamine triphosphate
METLIN ID3586
PubChem Compound511
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID9534
References
Synthesis ReferenceGrandfils C; Bettendorff L; de Rycker C; Schoffeniels E Synthesis of [gamma-32P]thiamine triphosphate. Analytical biochemistry (1988), 169(2), 274-8.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Kimura M, Itokawa Y: Determination of thiamine and its phosphate esters in human and rat blood by high-performance liquid chromatography with post-column derivatization. J Chromatogr. 1985 Sep 20;332:181-8. [PubMed:4055941 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in thiamin diphosphokinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the phosphorylation of thiamine to thiamine pyrophosphate. Can also catalyze the phosphorylation of pyrithiamine to pyrithiamine pyrophosphate.
Gene Name:
TPK1
Uniprot ID:
Q9H3S4
Molecular weight:
27265.05
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Thiamine pyrophosphate → ADP + Thiamine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in adenylate cyclase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolase highly specific for thiamine triphosphate (ThTP).
Gene Name:
THTPA
Uniprot ID:
Q9BU02
Molecular weight:
25565.685
Reactions
Thiamine triphosphate + Water → Thiamine pyrophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails