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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:44 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:29 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02250
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDodecanoylcarnitine
DescriptionDodecanoylcarnitine is an acylcarnitine is present in fatty acid oxidation disorders such as long-chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiency, and carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency. (PMID 12828998 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(-)-LauroylcarnitineChEBI
(3R)-3-(Dodecanoyloxy)-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoateChEBI
(R)-DodecanoylcarnitineChEBI
Dodecanoyl-L-carnitineChEBI
L-Carnitine dodecanoyl esterChEBI
Lauroyl-L(-)-carnitinChEBI
Lauroyl-L-carnitineChEBI
LauroylcarnitineChEBI
O-C12:0-L-CarnitineChEBI
O-Dodecanoyl-R-carnitineChEBI
(3R)-3-Dodecanoyloxy-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoic acidGenerator
(3R)-3-(Dodecanoyloxy)-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoic acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC19H37NO4
Average Molecular Weight343.5014
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight343.272258677
IUPAC Name(3R)-3-(dodecanoyloxy)-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Name(-)-lauroylcarnitine
CAS Registry Number25518-54-1
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)O[C@H](CC([O-])=O)C[N+](C)(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H37NO4/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-19(23)24-17(15-18(21)22)16-20(2,3)4/h17H,5-16H2,1-4H3/t17-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=FUJLYHJROOYKRA-QGZVFWFLSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl carnitines. These are organic compounds containing a fatty acid with the carboxylic acid attached to carnitine through an ester bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acid esters
Direct ParentAcyl carnitines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyl-carnitine
  • Carnitine
  • Acyl choline
  • Choline
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid catabolism, Fatty acid transport, Energy production
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.85e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.03ALOGPS
logP0.26ChemAxon
logS-7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.43 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count16ChemAxon
Refractivity118.67 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability41.88 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.1 +/- 0.03 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.052 +/- 0.004 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.038 (0.005-0.069) uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.02 (0.01-0.04) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.032 +/- 0.002 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothCeliac disease details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.124 (0.090-0.162) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothVery long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (vLCAD) details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Very Long Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
  1. Costa CG, Struys EA, Bootsma A, ten Brink HJ, Dorland L, Tavares de Almeida I, Duran M, Jakobs C: Quantitative analysis of plasma acylcarnitines using gas chromatography chemical ionization mass fragmentography. J Lipid Res. 1997 Jan;38(1):173-82. [9034211 ]
Celiac disease
  1. Bene J, Komlosi K, Gasztonyi B, Juhasz M, Tulassay Z, Melegh B: Plasma carnitine ester profile in adult celiac disease patients maintained on long-term gluten free diet. World J Gastroenterol. 2005 Nov 14;11(42):6671-5. [16425363 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022928
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID147288
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02250
Metagene LinkHMDB02250
METLIN ID6573
PubChem Compound168381
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Moder M, Kiessling A, Loster H, Bruggemann L: The pattern of urinary acylcarnitines determined by electrospray mass spectrometry: a new tool in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2003 Jan;375(2):200-10. Epub 2003 Jan 4. [12560963 ]
  2. Shigematsu Y, Hirano S, Hata I, Tanaka Y, Sudo M, Tajima T, Sakura N, Yamaguchi S, Takayanagi M: Selective screening for fatty acid oxidation disorders by tandem mass spectrometry: difficulties in practical discrimination. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):63-72. [12828998 ]
  3. Morrow RJ, Rose ME: Isolation of acylcarnitines from urine: a comparison of methods and application to long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Clin Chim Acta. 1992 Oct 15;211(1-2):73-81. [1468155 ]
  4. Vianey-Saban C, Divry P, Brivet M, Nada M, Zabot MT, Mathieu M, Roe C: Mitochondrial very-long-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: clinical characteristics and diagnostic considerations in 30 patients. Clin Chim Acta. 1998 Jan 12;269(1):43-62. [9498103 ]