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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-12 19:22:48 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:13 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03364
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameQuinone
DescriptionQuinone is also called 1,4-benzoquinone or cyclohexadienedione. Quinones are oxidized derivatives of aromatic compounds and are often readily made from reactive aromatic compounds with electron-donating substituents such as phenols and catechols, which increase the nucleophilicity of the ring and contributes to the large redox potential needed to break aromaticity. Derivatives of quinones are common constituents of biologically relevant molecules. Some serve as electron acceptors in electron transport chains such as those in photosynthesis (plastoquinone, phylloquinone), and aerobic respiration (ubiquinone). Quinone is a common constituent of biologically relevant molecules (e.g. Vitamin K1 is phylloquinone). A natural example of quinones as oxidizing agents is the spray of bombardier beetles. Hydroquinone is reacted with hydrogen peroxide to produce a fiery blast of steam, a strong deterent in the animal world.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1,4-BenzochinonChEBI
2,5-Cyclohexadiene-1,4-dioneChEBI
benzo-1,4-QuinoneChEBI
BenzoquinoneChEBI
P-BenzoquinoneChEBI
P-ChinonChEBI
QuinoneChEBI
1,4-BenzoquineHMDB
1,4-Cyclohexadiene dioxideHMDB
1,4-CyclohexadienedioneHMDB
1,4-DiossibenzeneHMDB
1,4-Dioxy-benzolHMDB
1,4-DioxybenzeneHMDB
2,5-Cyclohexadiene-1-4-dioneHMDB
benzo-ChinonHMDB
ChinonHMDB
ChinoneHMDB
Cyclohexadiene-1,4-dioneHMDB
CyclohexadienedioneHMDB
EldoquinHMDB
P-QuinoneHMDB
Para-benzoquinoneHMDB
Para-quinoneHMDB
Quinone1,4-benzoquinoneHMDB
Semiquinone anionHMDB
Semiquinone radicalsHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H4O2
Average Molecular Weight108.0948
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight108.021129372
IUPAC Namecyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione
Traditional Namequinone
CAS Registry Number106-51-4
SMILES
O=C1C=CC(=O)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H4O2/c7-5-1-2-6(8)4-3-5/h1-4H
InChI KeyInChIKey=AZQWKYJCGOJGHM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as p-benzoquinones. These are benzoquinones where the two C=O groups are attached at the 1- and 4-positions, respectively.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbonyl compounds
Sub ClassKetones
Direct ParentP-benzoquinones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • P-benzoquinone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Riboflavin metabolism
  • Component of Stilbene, coumarine and lignin biosynthesis
  • Component of Tyrosine metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point115.7 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility11.1 mg/mL at 18 °CNot Available
LogP0.20HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility45.4 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.21ALOGPS
logP1.02ChemAxon
logS-0.38ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area34.14 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity31.03 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability9.75 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-7900000000-fca2433f986ba378f8c9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00or-9000000000-6897ef153b4119e50cebView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-014u-9000000000-9bddbff45c6d0d3e0cf1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (JEOL JMS-D-3000) , Positivesplash10-0zgi-9500000000-c8bfbbc465fad7929f87View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0zgi-9200000000-8777cde0dbcbb2157cddView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Bone Marrow
  • Fibroblasts
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Neuron
  • Skeletal Muscle
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Beta Ureidopropionase DeficiencySMP00172Not Available
D-glyceric aciduraSMP00529Not Available
Dihydropyrimidinase DeficiencySMP00178Not Available
Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiencySMP00530Not Available
Glycerol Kinase DeficiencySMP00187Not Available
Glycerol Phosphate ShuttleSMP00124Not Available
Glycerolipid MetabolismSMP00039map00561
MNGIE (Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy)SMP00202Not Available
Pyrimidine MetabolismSMP00046map00240
Riboflavin MetabolismSMP00070map00740
UMP Synthase Deiciency (Orotic Aciduria)SMP00219Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB005755
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4489
KEGG Compound IDC00472
BioCyc IDCPD-8130
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkQuinone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03364
Metagene LinkHMDB03364
METLIN ID6905
PubChem Compound4650
PDB IDPLQ
ChEBI ID16509
References
Synthesis ReferenceHarman, Robert E.; Cason, James. The preparation of quinones from p-aminophenols obtained by electrolytic reduction of aromatic nitro compounds. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1952), 17 1058-62.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Kwasnicka-Crawford DA, Vincent SR: Role of a novel dual flavin reductase (NR1) and an associated histidine triad protein (DCS-1) in menadione-induced cytotoxicity. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Oct 21;336(2):565-71. [16140270 ]
  2. Fabiani R, De Bartolomeo A, Morozzi G: Involvement of oxygen free radicals in the serum-mediated increase of benzoquinone genotoxicity. Environ Mol Mutagen. 2005 Oct;46(3):156-63. [15920754 ]
  3. Gaskell M, McLuckie KI, Farmer PB: Comparison of the repair of DNA damage induced by the benzene metabolites hydroquinone and p-benzoquinone: a role for hydroquinone in benzene genotoxicity. Carcinogenesis. 2005 Mar;26(3):673-80. Epub 2004 Dec 23. [15618234 ]
  4. Bello RI, Gomez-Diaz C, Navarro F, Alcain FJ, Villalba JM: Expression of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 in HeLa cells: role of hydrogen peroxide and growth phase. J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 30;276(48):44379-84. Epub 2001 Sep 20. [11567026 ]
  5. Park S, Geddes TJ, Javitch JA, Kuhn DM: Dopamine prevents nitration of tyrosine hydroxylase by peroxynitrite and nitrogen dioxide: is nitrotyrosine formation an early step in dopamine neuronal damage? J Biol Chem. 2003 Aug 1;278(31):28736-42. Epub 2003 May 27. [12771134 ]
  6. Siegel D, Ryder J, Ross D: NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 expression in human bone marrow endothelial cells. Toxicol Lett. 2001 Dec 15;125(1-3):93-8. [11701227 ]
  7. Roberg K, Johansson U, Ollinger K: Lysosomal release of cathepsin D precedes relocation of cytochrome c and loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential during apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Dec;27(11-12):1228-37. [10641715 ]
  8. Yamazaki H, Shibata A, Suzuki M, Nakajima M, Shimada N, Guengerich FP, Yokoi T: Oxidation of troglitazone to a quinone-type metabolite catalyzed by cytochrome P-450 2C8 and P-450 3A4 in human liver microsomes. Drug Metab Dispos. 1999 Nov;27(11):1260-6. [10534310 ]
  9. He K, Woolf TF, Kindt EK, Fielder AE, Talaat RE: Troglitazone quinone formation catalyzed by human and rat CYP3A: an atypical CYP oxidation reaction. Biochem Pharmacol. 2001 Jul 15;62(2):191-8. [11389877 ]
  10. Soucek P: Cytochrome P450 destruction by quinones: comparison of effects in rat and human liver microsomes. Chem Biol Interact. 1999 Aug 1;121(3):223-36. [10462055 ]
  11. Xu L, Eiseman JL, Egorin MJ, D'Argenio DZ: Physiologically-based pharmacokinetics and molecular pharmacodynamics of 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin and its active metabolite in tumor-bearing mice. J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn. 2003 Jun;30(3):185-219. [14571691 ]
  12. He K, Talaat RE, Woolf TF: Incorporation of an oxygen from water into troglitazone quinone by cytochrome P450 and myeloperoxidase. Drug Metab Dispos. 2004 Apr;32(4):442-6. [15039298 ]
  13. Toyota T, Ueno Y: [Clinical effect and side effect of troglitazone] Nippon Rinsho. 2000 Feb;58(2):376-82. [10707561 ]
  14. Smith MT: The mechanism of benzene-induced leukemia: a hypothesis and speculations on the causes of leukemia. Environ Health Perspect. 1996 Dec;104 Suppl 6:1219-25. [9118896 ]
  15. Terman A, Neuzil J, Kagedal K, Ollinger K, Brunk UT: Decreased apoptotic response of inclusion-cell disease fibroblasts: a consequence of lysosomal enzyme missorting? Exp Cell Res. 2002 Mar 10;274(1):9-15. [11855852 ]
  16. Mu D, Medzihradszky KF, Adams GW, Mayer P, Hines WM, Burlingame AL, Smith AJ, Cai D, Klinman JP: Primary structures for a mammalian cellular and serum copper amine oxidase. J Biol Chem. 1994 Apr 1;269(13):9926-32. [8144587 ]
  17. Hasegawa T, Matsuzaki M, Takeda A, Kikuchi A, Furukawa K, Shibahara S, Itoyama Y: Increased dopamine and its metabolites in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells that express tyrosinase. J Neurochem. 2003 Oct;87(2):470-5. [14511124 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
This is a copper-containing oxidase that functions in the formation of pigments such as melanins and other polyphenolic compounds. Catalyzes the rate-limiting conversions of tyrosine to DOPA, DOPA to DOPA-quinone and possibly 5,6-dihydroxyindole to indole-5,6 quinone.
Gene Name:
TYR
Uniprot ID:
P14679
Molecular weight:
60392.69
Reactions
Hydroquinone + Oxygen → Quinone + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
The enzyme apparently serves as a quinone reductase in connection with conjugation reactions of hydroquinones involved in detoxification pathways as well as in biosynthetic processes such as the vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylation of glutamate residues in prothrombin synthesis.
Gene Name:
NQO2
Uniprot ID:
P16083
Molecular weight:
25918.4
General function:
Involved in copper ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the degradation of compounds such as putrescine, histamine, spermine, and spermidine, substances involved in allergic and immune responses, cell proliferation, tissue differentiation, tumor formation, and possibly apoptosis. Placental DAO is thought to play a role in the regulation of the female reproductive function.
Gene Name:
ABP1
Uniprot ID:
P19801
Molecular weight:
85377.1
General function:
Involved in copper ion binding
Specific function:
Cell adhesion protein that participates in lymphocyte recirculation by mediating the binding of lymphocytes to peripheral lymph node vascular endothelial cells in an L-selectin-independent fashion. Has a monoamine oxidase activity. May play a role in adipogenesis.
Gene Name:
AOC3
Uniprot ID:
Q16853
Molecular weight:
84621.27
General function:
Involved in copper ion binding
Specific function:
Has a monoamine oxidase activity with substrate specificity for 2-phenylethylamine and tryptamine. May play a role in adipogenesis. May be a critical modulator of signal transmission in retina.
Gene Name:
AOC2
Uniprot ID:
O75106
Molecular weight:
80515.11
General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Does not have alcohol dehydrogenase activity. Binds NADP and acts through a one-electron transfer process. Orthoquinones, such as 1,2-naphthoquinone or 9,10-phenanthrenequinone, are the best substrates (in vitro). May act in the detoxification of xenobiotics. Interacts with (AU)-rich elements (ARE) in the 3'-UTR of target mRNA species. Enhances the stability of mRNA coding for BCL2. NADPH binding interferes with mRNA binding.
Gene Name:
CRYZ
Uniprot ID:
Q08257
Molecular weight:
35206.36
Reactions
NADPH + Quinone → NADP + semiquinonedetails
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
The enzyme apparently serves as a quinone reductase in connection with conjugation reactions of hydroquinons involved in detoxification pathways as well as in biosynthetic processes such as the vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylation of glutamate residues in prothrombin synthesis.
Gene Name:
NQO1
Uniprot ID:
P15559
Molecular weight:
30867.405