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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 19:06:19 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0014568
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB14568
Metabolite Identification
Common NameHyoscyamine
DescriptionHyoscyamine is a chemical compound, a tropane alkaloid it is the levo-isomer to atropine. It is a secondary metabolite of some plants, particularly henbane (Hyoscamus niger.). Hyoscyamine is used to provide symptomatic relief to various gastrointestinal disorders including spasms, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, colic and cystitis. It has also been used to relieve some heart problems, control some of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, as well as for control of respiratory secretions in end of life care.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(-)-AtropineChEBI
(-)-HyoscyamineChEBI
(S)-(-)-HyoscyamineChEBI
[3(S)-endo]-alpha-(Hydroxymethyl)benzeneacetic acid 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl esterChEBI
DaturineChEBI
DuboisineChEBI
L-HyoscyamineChEBI
L-Tropine tropateChEBI
Tropine, (-)-tropateChEBI
[3(S)-endo]-a-(Hydroxymethyl)benzeneacetate 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl esterGenerator
[3(S)-endo]-a-(Hydroxymethyl)benzeneacetic acid 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl esterGenerator
[3(S)-endo]-alpha-(Hydroxymethyl)benzeneacetate 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl esterGenerator
[3(S)-endo]-α-(hydroxymethyl)benzeneacetate 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl esterGenerator
[3(S)-endo]-α-(hydroxymethyl)benzeneacetic acid 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl esterGenerator
L-Tropine tropic acidGenerator
Tropine, (-)-tropic acidGenerator
(leo)-AtropineHMDB
(leo)-HyoscyamineHMDB
(S)-(leo)-HyoscyamineHMDB
(S)AtropineHMDB
HyocyamineHMDB
L-AtropineHMDB
L-HyopscyamineHMDB
L-HyoscamineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC17H23NO3
Average Molecular Weight289.3694
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight289.167793607
IUPAC Name(1R,3R,5S)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl (2S)-3-hydroxy-2-phenylpropanoate
Traditional Namelevbid
CAS Registry Number101-31-5
SMILES
CN1[C@H]2CC[C@@H]1C[C@@H](C2)OC(=O)[C@H](CO)C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C17H23NO3/c1-18-13-7-8-14(18)10-15(9-13)21-17(20)16(11-19)12-5-3-2-4-6-12/h2-6,13-16,19H,7-11H2,1H3/t13-,14+,15+,16-/m1/s1
InChI KeyRKUNBYITZUJHSG-FXUDXRNXSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as tropane alkaloids. These are organic compounds containing the nitrogenous bicyclic alkaloid parent N-Methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassAlkaloids and derivatives
Sub ClassTropane alkaloids
Direct ParentTropane alkaloids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Tropane alkaloid
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Piperidine
  • Benzenoid
  • N-alkylpyrrolidine
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Route of exposure:

  Parenteral:

  Enteral:

Role

Industrial application:

  Pharmaceutical industry:

    Cardiovascular drug:

Biological role:

Indirect biological role:

Physiological effect

Health effect:

  Health condition:

    Gastrointestinal disorders:

    Nervous system disorders:

    General disorders and administration site conditions:

    Psychiatric disorders:

    Eye disorders:

  Observation:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point141 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.52 g/LNot Available
LogP1.8Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.52 g/LALOGPS
logP2.19ALOGPS
logP1.57ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.15ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.39ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area49.77 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity80.82 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability31.74 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-5900000000-f705f96b0219dcd47d66View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-4900000000-d0c3228da9df55297f7bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-006x-6951100000-43127e046c478d2643e1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-006x-6951100000-43127e046c478d2643e1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00dl-0790000000-b3809a4d9f3d53472626View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-1920000000-5cf6a284aa0360bfa6f5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0g02-2900000000-03a359b67b71a8d41b5aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0490000000-42268e6db552a2d85a66View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-05g3-1960000000-db1243e11ae5ea609f09View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00bc-5900000000-3453e9ae42b1ccba243cView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-00di-9810000000-bdd60b3a23f97899d426View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
No entries found
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00424 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00424 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-3 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-2 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00424
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID10246417
KEGG Compound IDC02046
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkHyoscyamine
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem CompoundNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17486
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is Pi turnover
Gene Name:
CHRM3
Uniprot ID:
P20309
Molecular weight:
66127.4
References
  1. Lysikova M, Havlas Z, Tucek S: Interactions between allosteric modulators and 4-DAMP and other antagonists at muscarinic receptors: potential significance of the distance between the N and carboxyl C atoms in the molecules of antagonists. Neurochem Res. 2001 Apr;26(4):383-94. [PubMed:11495349 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is Pi turnover
Gene Name:
CHRM1
Uniprot ID:
P11229
Molecular weight:
51420.4
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Huang XP, Williams FE, Peseckis SM, Messer WS Jr: Pharmacological characterization of human m1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors with double mutations at the junction of TM VI and the third extracellular domain. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Sep;286(3):1129-39. [PubMed:9732369 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is adenylate cyclase inhibition
Gene Name:
CHRM2
Uniprot ID:
P08172
Molecular weight:
51714.6
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Lysikova M, Havlas Z, Tucek S: Interactions between allosteric modulators and 4-DAMP and other antagonists at muscarinic receptors: potential significance of the distance between the N and carboxyl C atoms in the molecules of antagonists. Neurochem Res. 2001 Apr;26(4):383-94. [PubMed:11495349 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is inhibition of adenylate cyclase
Gene Name:
CHRM4
Uniprot ID:
P08173
Molecular weight:
53048.7
References
  1. Lysikova M, Havlas Z, Tucek S: Interactions between allosteric modulators and 4-DAMP and other antagonists at muscarinic receptors: potential significance of the distance between the N and carboxyl C atoms in the molecules of antagonists. Neurochem Res. 2001 Apr;26(4):383-94. [PubMed:11495349 ]