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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:29:18 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14639
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDarifenacin
DescriptionDarifenacin (Enablex, Novartis) is a medication used to treat urinary incontinence.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-1-(2-(2,3-dihydro-5-Benzofuranyl)ethyl)-alpha,alpha-diphenyl-3-pyrrolidineacetamideChEBI
(S)-1-(2-(2,3-dihydro-5-Benzofuranyl)ethyl)-a,a-diphenyl-3-pyrrolidineacetamideGenerator
(S)-1-(2-(2,3-dihydro-5-Benzofuranyl)ethyl)-α,α-diphenyl-3-pyrrolidineacetamideGenerator
Chemical FormulaC28H30N2O2
Average Molecular Weight426.55
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight426.230728214
IUPAC Name2-[(3S)-1-[2-(2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-5-yl)ethyl]pyrrolidin-3-yl]-2,2-diphenylacetamide
Traditional Namedarifenacin
CAS Registry Number133099-04-4
SMILES
NC(=O)C([C@@H]1CCN(CCC2=CC3=C(OCC3)C=C2)C1)(C1=CC=CC=C1)C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C28H30N2O2/c29-27(31)28(23-7-3-1-4-8-23,24-9-5-2-6-10-24)25-14-17-30(20-25)16-13-21-11-12-26-22(19-21)15-18-32-26/h1-12,19,25H,13-18,20H2,(H2,29,31)/t25-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=HXGBXQDTNZMWGS-RUZDIDTESA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as diphenylmethanes. These are compounds containing a diphenylmethane moiety, which consists of a methane wherein two hydrogen atoms are replaced by two phenyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassDiphenylmethanes
Direct ParentDiphenylmethanes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Diphenylmethane
  • Phenylacetamide
  • Phenylpropylamine
  • Phenethylamine
  • Benzofuran
  • Aralkylamine
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • N-alkylpyrrolidine
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Primary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Muscarinic Antagonists
  • Urinary antispasmodics
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.98e-04 g/LNot Available
LogP4.5Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000298 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.35ALOGPS
logP4.54ChemAxon
logS-6.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)16.21ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.11ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area55.56 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity128.37 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability48.54 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00496
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00496
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-2 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-1 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00496
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID392054
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDarifenacin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14639
Metagene LinkHMDB14639
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound444031
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID391960
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Skerjanec A: The clinical pharmacokinetics of darifenacin. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2006;45(4):325-50. [16584282 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular weight:
55768.94
References
  1. Skerjanec A: The clinical pharmacokinetics of darifenacin. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2006;45(4):325-50. [16584282 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is Pi turnover
Gene Name:
CHRM3
Uniprot ID:
P20309
Molecular weight:
66127.4
References
  1. Bharucha AE, Ravi K, Zinsmeister AR: Comparison of selective M3 and nonselective muscarinic receptor antagonists on gastrointestinal transit and bowel habits in humans. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 Jul;299(1):G215-9. Epub 2010 Apr 15. [20395537 ]
  2. Bozkurt TE, Sahin-Erdemli I: M(1) and M(3) muscarinic receptors are involved in the release of urinary bladder-derived relaxant factor. Pharmacol Res. 2009 May;59(5):300-5. Epub 2009 Feb 5. [19416629 ]
  3. Jha S, Parsons M: Treatment of overactive bladder in the aging population: focus on darifenacin. Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(4):309-16. [18046909 ]
  4. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is Pi turnover
Gene Name:
CHRM1
Uniprot ID:
P11229
Molecular weight:
51420.4
References
  1. Jha S, Parsons M: Treatment of overactive bladder in the aging population: focus on darifenacin. Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(4):309-16. [18046909 ]
  2. Moriya H, Takagi Y, Nakanishi T, Hayashi M, Tani T, Hirotsu I: Affinity profiles of various muscarinic antagonists for cloned human muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtypes and mAChRs in rat heart and submandibular gland. Life Sci. 1999;64(25):2351-8. [10374898 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is adenylate cyclase inhibition
Gene Name:
CHRM2
Uniprot ID:
P08172
Molecular weight:
51714.6
References
  1. Jha S, Parsons M: Treatment of overactive bladder in the aging population: focus on darifenacin. Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(4):309-16. [18046909 ]
  2. Moriya H, Takagi Y, Nakanishi T, Hayashi M, Tani T, Hirotsu I: Affinity profiles of various muscarinic antagonists for cloned human muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtypes and mAChRs in rat heart and submandibular gland. Life Sci. 1999;64(25):2351-8. [10374898 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is inhibition of adenylate cyclase
Gene Name:
CHRM4
Uniprot ID:
P08173
Molecular weight:
53048.7
References
  1. Jha S, Parsons M: Treatment of overactive bladder in the aging population: focus on darifenacin. Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(4):309-16. [18046909 ]
  2. Moriya H, Takagi Y, Nakanishi T, Hayashi M, Tani T, Hirotsu I: Affinity profiles of various muscarinic antagonists for cloned human muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtypes and mAChRs in rat heart and submandibular gland. Life Sci. 1999;64(25):2351-8. [10374898 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is Pi turnover
Gene Name:
CHRM5
Uniprot ID:
P08912
Molecular weight:
60073.2
References
  1. Moriya H, Takagi Y, Nakanishi T, Hayashi M, Tani T, Hirotsu I: Affinity profiles of various muscarinic antagonists for cloned human muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtypes and mAChRs in rat heart and submandibular gland. Life Sci. 1999;64(25):2351-8. [10374898 ]
  2. Jha S, Parsons M: Treatment of overactive bladder in the aging population: focus on darifenacin. Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(4):309-16. [18046909 ]