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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2013-07-04 18:57:59 UTC
Update Date2017-12-20 20:31:08 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB60762
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-ene-Valproic acid CoA
Description4-ene-Valproic acid CoA is a metabolite of valproic acid. Valproic acid (VPA) is a chemical compound and an acid that has found clinical use as an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing drug, primarily in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and, less commonly, major depression. It is also used to treat migraine headaches and schizophrenia. VPA is a liquid at room temperature, but it can be reacted with a base such as sodium hydroxide to form the salt sodium valproate, which is a solid. (Wikipedia)
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC29H48N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight891.714
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight891.204023371
IUPAC Name(2S)-4-({[({[(2S,3R,4S,5S)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-2-hydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-[2-({2-[(2-propylpent-4-enoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}-C-hydroxycarbonimidoyl)ethyl]butanimidic acid
Traditional Name(2S)-4-[({[(2S,3R,4S,5S)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]-2-hydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-[2-({2-[(2-propylpent-4-enoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}-C-hydroxycarbonimidoyl)ethyl]butanimidic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl coas. These are acyl-CoAs carrying a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Chemical reaction:

    Biochemical process:


Biological location:


  Biofluid and excreta:

  Organ and components:


Route of exposure:




Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility6.03 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.97ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count19ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area370.61 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count25ChemAxon
Refractivity200.9 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability83.47 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0079-1981000120-826d6c9707c7e9f2e0efView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-1971000000-78cd01fa3173476cc1fdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2940000000-3a9115cdd34c2d886ef0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-010r-3900031440-b2ac297fa7320f6dfb64View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-4901010010-061ed96b523c7a0e28a6View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-5900100000-fe53796526f000bef8b4View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Valproic Acid Metabolism PathwayThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDNot Available
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider IDNot Available
      KEGG Compound IDNot Available
      BioCyc IDNot Available
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      METLIN IDNot Available
      PubChem CompoundNot Available
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General References
      1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
      2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
      3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
      4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
      5. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.