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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP00194
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 5426
Name Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 3
Synonyms
  1. Alkaline phosphodiesterase I
  2. CD203c antigen
  3. E-NPP 3
  4. NPPase
  5. Nucleotide pyrophosphatase
  6. PD-Ibeta
  7. Phosphodiesterase I beta
  8. Phosphodiesterase I/nucleotide pyrophosphatase 3
Gene Name ENPP3
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in catalytic activity
Specific Function Cleaves a variety of phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds including deoxynucleotides, nucleotide sugars, and NAD (By similarity).
Pathways
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Purine metabolism
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
Reactions
A dinucleotide + Water → mononucleotides details
Dinucleotide + Water → Mononucleotide details
NAD + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + beta-nicotinamide D-ribonucleotide details
FAD + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Flavin Mononucleotide details
Uridine diphosphate glucose + Water → Uridine 5'-monophosphate + Glucose 1-phosphate details
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Oat gum + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate details
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotide details
Dephospho-CoA + Water → Pantetheine 4'-phosphate + Adenosine monophosphate details
GO Classification
Biological Process
nucleoside triphosphate catabolic process
immune response
Cellular Component
perinuclear region of cytoplasm
extracellular region
integral to plasma membrane
Function
ion binding
cation binding
metal ion binding
binding
catalytic activity
hydrolase activity
pattern binding
polysaccharide binding
receptor activity
transmembrane receptor activity
scavenger receptor activity
molecular transducer activity
signal transducer activity
nucleic acid binding
Molecular Function
nucleic acid binding
nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphatase activity
metal ion binding
NADH pyrophosphatase activity
nucleotide diphosphatase activity
phosphodiesterase I activity
polysaccharide binding
scavenger receptor activity
Process
metabolic process
immune system process
immune response
Cellular Location
  1. Secreted
  2. Membrane
  3. Single-pass type II membrane protein (Potential)
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 6
Locus 6q22
SNPs ENPP3
Gene Sequence
>2628 bp
ATGGAATCTACGTTGACTTTAGCAACGGAACAACCTGTTAAGAAGAACACTCTTAAGAAA
TATAAAATAGCTTGCATTGTTCTTCTTGCTTTGCTGGTGATCATGTCACTTGGATTAGGC
CTGGGGCTTGGACTCAGGAAACTGGAAAAGCAAGGCAGCTGCAGGAAGAAGTGCTTTGAT
GCATCATTTAGAGGACTGGAGAACTGCCGGTGTGATGTGGCATGTAAAGACCGAGGTGAT
TGCTGCTGGGATTTTGAAGACACCTGTGTGGAATCAACTCGAATATGGATGTGCAATAAA
TTTCGTTGTGGAGAGACCAGATTAGAGGCCAGCCTTTGCTCTTGTTCAGATGACTGTTTG
CAGAAGAAAGATTGCTGTGCTGACTATAAGAGTGTTTGCCAAGGAGAAACCTCATGGCTG
GAAGAAAACTGTGACACAGCCCAGCAGTCTCAGTGCCCAGAAGGGTTTGACCTGCCACCA
GTTATCTTGTTTTCTATGGATGGATTTAGAGCTGAATATTTATACACATGGGATACTTTA
ATGCCAAATATCAATAAACTGAAAACATGTGGAATTCATTCAAAATACATGAGAGCTATG
TATCCTACCAAAACCTTCCCAAATCATTACACCATTGTCACGGGCTTGTATCCAGAGTCA
CATGGCATCATTGACAATAATATGTATGATGTAAATCTCAACAAGAATTTTTCACTTTCT
TCAAAGGAACAAAATAATCCAGCCTGGTGGCATGGGCAACCAATGTGGCTGACAGCAATG
TATCAAGGTTTAAAAGCCGCTACCTACTTTTGGCCCGGATCAGAAGTGGCTATAAATGGC
TCCTTTCCTTCCATATACATGCCTTACAACGGAAGTGTCCCATTTGAAGAGAGGATTTCT
ACACTGTTAAAATGGCTGGACCTGCCCAAAGCTGAAAGACCCAGGTTTTATACCATGTAT
TTTGAAGAACCTGATTCCTCTGGACATGCAGGTGGACCAGTCAGTGCCAGAGTAATTAAA
GCCTTACAGGTAGTAGATCATGCTTTTGGGATGTTGATGGAAGGCCTGAAGCAGCGGAAT
TTGCACAACTGTGTCAATATCATCCTTCTGGCTGACCATGGAATGGACCAGACTTATTGT
AACAAGATGGAATACATGACTGATTATTTTCCCAGAATAAACTTCTTCTACATGTACGAA
GGGCCTGCCCCCCGCATCCGAGCTCATAATATACCTCATGACTTTTTTAGTTTTAATTCT
GAGGAAATTGTTAGAAACCTCAGTTGCCGAAAACCTGATCAGCATTTCAAGCCCTATTTG
ACTCCTGATTTGCCAAAGCGACTGCACTATGCCAAGAACGTCAGAATCGACAAAGTTCAT
CTCTTTGTGGATCAACAGTGGCTGGCTGTTAGGAGTAAATCAAATACAAATTGTGGAGGA
GGCAACCATGGTTATAACAATGAGTTTAGGAGCATGGAGGCTATCTTTCTGGCACATGGA
CCCAGTTTTAAAGAGAAGACTGAAGTTGAACCATTTGAAAATATTGAAGTCTATAACCTA
ATGTGTGATCTTCTACGCATTCAACCAGCACCAAACAATGGAACCCATGGTAGTTTAAAC
CATCTTCTGAAGGTGCCTTTTTATGAGCCATCCCATGCAGAGGAGGTGTCAAAGTTTTCT
GTTTGTGGCTTTGCTAATCCATTGCCCACAGAGTCTCTTGACTGTTTCTGCCCTCACCTA
CAAAATAGTACTCAGCTGGAACAAGTGAATCAGATGCTAAATCTCACCCAAGAAGAAATA
ACAGCAACAGTGAAAGTAAATTTGCCATTTGGGAGGCCTAGGGTACTGCAGAAGAACGTG
GACCACTGTCTCCTTTACCACAGGGAATATGTCAGTGGATTTGGAAAAGCTATGAGGATG
CCCATGTGGAGTTCATACACAGTCCCCCAGTTGGGAGACACATCGCCTCTGCCTCCCACT
GTCCCAGACTGTCTGCGGGCTGATGTCAGGGTTCCTCCTTCTGAGAGCCAAAAATGTTCC
TTCTATTTAGCAGACAAGAATATCACCCACGGCTTCCTCTATCCTCCTGCCAGCAATAGA
ACATCAGATAGCCAATATGATGCTTTAATTACTAGCAATTTGGTACCTATGTATGAAGAA
TTCAGAAAAATGTGGGACTACTTCCACAGTGTTCTTCTTATAAAACATGCCACAGAAAGA
AATGGAGTAAATGTGGTTAGTGGACCAATATTTGATTATAATTATGATGGCCATTTTGAT
GCTCCAGATGAAATTACCAAACATTTAGCCAACACTGATGTTCCCATCCCAACACACTAC
TTTGTGGTGCTGACCAGTTGTAAAAACAAGAGCCACACACCGGAAAACTGCCCTGGGTGG
CTGGATGTCCTACCCTTTATCATCCCTCACCGACCTACCAACGTGGAGAGCTGTCCTGAA
GGTAAACCAGAAGCTCTTTGGGTTGAAGAAAGATTTACAGCTCACATTGCCCGGGTCCGT
GATGTAGAACTTCTCACTGGGCTTGACTTCTATCAGGATAAAGTGCAGCCTGTCTCTGAA
ATTTTGCAACTAAAGACATATTTACCAACATTTGAAACCACTATTTAA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 875
Molecular Weight 100123.54
Theoretical pI 6.57
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 3
MESTLTLATEQPVKKNTLKKYKIACIVLLALLVIMSLGLGLGLGLRKLEKQGSCRKKCFD
ASFRGLENCRCDVACKDRGDCCWDFEDTCVESTRIWMCNKFRCGETRLEASLCSCSDDCL
QRKDCCADYKSVCQGETSWLEENCDTAQQSQCPEGFDLPPVILFSMDGFRAEYLYTWDTL
MPNINKLKTCGIHSKYMRAMYPTKTFPNHYTIVTGLYPESHGIIDNNMYDVNLNKNFSLS
SKEQNNPAWWHGQPMWLTAMYQGLKAATYFWPGSEVAINGSFPSIYMPYNGSVPFEERIS
TLLKWLDLPKAERPRFYTMYFEEPDSSGHAGGPVSARVIKALQVVDHAFGMLMEGLKQRN
LHNCVNIILLADHGMDQTYCNKMEYMTDYFPRINFFYMYEGPAPRIRAHNIPHDFFSFNS
EEIVRNLSCRKPDQHFKPYLTPDLPKRLHYAKNVRIDKVHLFVDQQWLAVRSKSNTNCGG
GNHGYNNEFRSMEAIFLAHGPSFKEKTEVEPFENIEVYNLMCDLLRIQPAPNNGTHGSLN
HLLKVPFYEPSHAEEVSKFSVCGFANPLPTESLDCFCPHLQNSTQLEQVNQMLNLTQEEI
TATVKVNLPFGRPRVLQKNVDHCLLYHREYVSGFGKAMRMPMWSSYTVPQLGDTSPLPPT
VPDCLRADVRVPPSESQKCSFYLADKNITHGFLYPPASNRTSDSQYDALITSNLVPMYEE
FRKMWDYFHSVLLIKHATERNGVNVVSGPIFDYNYDGHFDAPDEITKHLANTDVPIPTHY
FVVLTSCKNKSHTPENCPGWLDVLPFIIPHRPTNVESCPEGKPEALWVEERFTAHIARVR
DVELLTGLDFYQDKVQPVSEILQLKTYLPTFETTI
GenBank ID Protein 2465540
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID O14638
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name ENPP3_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID AF005632
GeneCard ID ENPP3
GenAtlas ID ENPP3
HGNC ID HGNC:3358
References
General References
  1. Mungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK, Edwards CA, Ashurst JL, Wilming L, Jones MC, Horton R, Hunt SE, Scott CE, Gilbert JG, Clamp ME, Bethel G, Milne S, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Andrews TD, Ashwell RI, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Banerjee R, Barker DJ, Barlow KF, Bates K, Beare DM, Beasley H, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bray-Allen S, Brook J, Brown AJ, Brown JY, Burford DC, Burrill W, Burton J, Carder C, Carter NP, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clark G, Clee CM, Clegg S, Cobley V, Collier RE, Collins JE, Colman LK, Corby NR, Coville GJ, Culley KM, Dhami P, Davies J, Dunn M, Earthrowl ME, Ellington AE, Evans KA, Faulkner L, Francis MD, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Ghori MJ, Gilby LM, Gillson CJ, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Grant M, Gribble S, Griffiths C, Griffiths M, Hall R, Halls KS, Hammond S, Harley JL, Hart EA, Heath PD, Heathcott R, Holmes SJ, Howden PJ, Howe KL, Howell GR, Huckle E, Humphray SJ, Humphries MD, Hunt AR, Johnson CM, Joy AA, Kay M, Keenan SJ, Kimberley AM, King A, Laird GK, Langford C, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Leversha M, Lloyd CR, Lloyd DM, Loveland JE, Lovell J, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Maslen GL, Matthews L, McCann OT, McLaren SJ, McLay K, McMurray A, Moore MJ, Mullikin JC, Niblett D, Nickerson T, Novik KL, Oliver K, Overton-Larty EK, Parker A, Patel R, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Phillimore B, Phillips S, Plumb RW, Porter KM, Ramsey Y, Ranby SA, Rice CM, Ross MT, Searle SM, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Skuce CD, Smith S, Smith M, Spraggon L, Squares SL, Steward CA, Sycamore N, Tamlyn-Hall G, Tester J, Theaker AJ, Thomas DW, Thorpe A, Tracey A, Tromans A, Tubby B, Wall M, Wallis JM, West AP, White SS, Whitehead SL, Whittaker H, Wild A, Willey DJ, Wilmer TE, Wood JM, Wray PW, Wyatt JC, Young L, Younger RM, Bentley DR, Coulson A, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Sulston JE, Dunham I, Rogers J, Beck S: The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6. Nature. 2003 Oct 23;425(6960):805-11. [PubMed:14574404 ]
  2. Bechtel S, Rosenfelder H, Duda A, Schmidt CP, Ernst U, Wellenreuther R, Mehrle A, Schuster C, Bahr A, Blocker H, Heubner D, Hoerlein A, Michel G, Wedler H, Kohrer K, Ottenwalder B, Poustka A, Wiemann S, Schupp I: The full-ORF clone resource of the German cDNA Consortium. BMC Genomics. 2007 Oct 31;8:399. [PubMed:17974005 ]
  3. Jin-Hua P, Goding JW, Nakamura H, Sano K: Molecular cloning and chromosomal localization of PD-Ibeta (PDNP3), a new member of the human phosphodiesterase I genes. Genomics. 1997 Oct 15;45(2):412-5. [PubMed:9344668 ]
  4. Yano Y, Hayashi Y, Sano K, Nagano H, Nakaji M, Seo Y, Ninomiya T, Yoon S, Yokozaki H, Kasuga M: Expression and localization of ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase I-1 (E-NPP1/PC-1) and -3 (E-NPP3/CD203c/PD-Ibeta/B10/gp130(RB13-6)) in inflammatory and neoplastic bile duct diseases. Cancer Lett. 2004 Apr 30;207(2):139-47. [PubMed:15072822 ]
  5. Buhring HJ, Seiffert M, Giesert C, Marxer A, Kanz L, Valent P, Sano K: The basophil activation marker defined by antibody 97A6 is identical to the ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 3. Blood. 2001 May 15;97(10):3303-5. [PubMed:11342463 ]
  6. Buhring HJ, Streble A, Valent P: The basophil-specific ectoenzyme E-NPP3 (CD203c) as a marker for cell activation and allergy diagnosis. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2004 Apr;133(4):317-29. Epub 2004 Mar 17. [PubMed:15031605 ]