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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP01757
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 7108
Name Collagen alpha-1(I) chain
Synonyms
  1. Alpha-1 type I collagen
Gene Name COL1A1
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in extracellular matrix structural constituent
Specific Function Type I collagen is a member of group I collagen (fibrillar forming collagen)
Pathways
  • Acenocoumarol Action Pathway
  • Alteplase Action Pathway
  • Aminocaproic Acid Action Pathway
  • Anistreplase Action Pathway
  • Aprotinin Action Pathway
  • Ardeparin Action Pathway
  • Argatroban Action Pathway
  • Bivalirudin Action Pathway
  • Coagulation
  • Dicoumarol Action Pathway
  • Dicumarol Action Pathway
  • Enoxaparin Action Pathway
  • Fondaparinux Action Pathway
  • Heparin Action Pathway
  • Lepirudin Action Pathway
  • Phenindione Action Pathway
  • Phenprocoumon Action Pathway
  • Reteplase Action Pathway
  • Streptokinase Action Pathway
  • Tenecteplase Action Pathway
  • Tranexamic Acid Action Pathway
  • Urokinase Action Pathway
  • Warfarin Action Pathway
  • Ximelagatran Action Pathway
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Component
extracellular region part
collagen
extracellular matrix part
Function
structural molecule activity
extracellular matrix structural constituent
Cellular Location
  1. Secreted
  2. extracellular space
  3. extracellular matrix
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:1
Locus 17q21.33
SNPs COL1A1
Gene Sequence
>4395 bp
ATGTTCAGCTTTGTGGACCTCCGGCTCCTGCTCCTCTTAGCGGCCACCGCCCTCCTGACG
CACGGCCAAGAGGAAGGCCAAGTCGAGGGCCAAGACGAAGACATCCCACCAATCACCTGC
GTACAGAACGGCCTCAGGTACCATGACCGAGACGTGTGGAAACCCGAGCCCTGCCGGATC
TGCGTCTGCGACAACGGCAAGGTGTTGTGCGATGACGTGATCTGTGACGAGACCAAGAAC
TGCCCCGGCGCCGAAGTCCCCGAGGGCGAGTGCTGTCCCGTCTGCCCCGACGGCTCAGAG
TCACCCACCGACCAAGAAACCACCGGCGTCGAGGGACCCAAGGGAGACACTGGCCCCCGA
GGCCCAAGGGGACCCGCAGGCCCCCCTGGCCGAGATGGCATCCCTGGACAGCCTGGACTT
CCCGGACCCCCCGGACCCCCCGGACCTCCCGGACCCCCTGGCCTCGGAGGAAACTTTGCT
CCCCAGCTGTCTTATGGCTATGATGAGAAATCAACCGGAGGAATTTCCGTGCCTGGCCCC
ATGGGTCCCTCTGGTCCTCGTGGTCTCCCTGGCCCCCCTGGTGCACCTGGTCCCCAAGGC
TTCCAAGGTCCCCCTGGTGAGCCTGGCGAGCCTGGAGCTTCAGGTCCCATGGGTCCCCGA
GGTCCCCCAGGTCCCCCTGGAAAGAATGGAGATGATGGGGAAGCTGGAAAACCTGGTCGT
CCTGGTGAGCGTGGGCCTCCTGGGCCTCAGGGTGCTCGAGGATTGCCCGGAACAGCTGGC
CTCCCTGGAATGAAGGGACACAGAGGTTTCAGTGGTTTGGATGGTGCCAAGGGAGATGCT
GGTCCTGCTGGTCCTAAGGGTGAGCCTGGCAGCCCTGGTGAAAATGGAGCTCCTGGTCAG
ATGGGCCCCCGTGGCCTGCCTGGTGAGAGAGGTCGCCCTGGAGCCCCTGGCCCTGCTGGT
GCTCGTGGAAATGATGGTGCTACTGGTGCTGCCGGGCCCCCTGGTCCCACCGGCCCCGCT
GGTCCTCCTGGCTTCCCTGGTGCTGTTGGTGCTAAGGGTGAAGCTGGTCCCCAAGGGCCC
CGAGGCTCTGAAGGTCCCCAGGGTGTGCGTGGTGAGCCTGGCCCCCCTGGCCCTGCTGGT
GCTGCTGGCCCTGCTGGAAACCCTGGTGCTGATGGACAGCCTGGTGCTAAAGGTGCCAAT
GGTGCTCCTGGTATTGCTGGTGCTCCTGGCTTCCCTGGTGCCCGAGGCCCCTCTGGACCC
CAGGGCCCCGGCGGCCCTCCTGGTCCCAAGGGTAACAGCGGTGAACCTGGTGCTCCTGGC
AGCAAAGGAGACACTGGTGCTAAGGGAGAGCCTGGCCCTGTTGGTGTTCAAGGACCCCCT
GGCCCTGCTGGAGAGGAAGGAAAGCGAGGAGCTCGAGGTGAACCCGGACCCACTGGCCTG
CCCGGACCCCCTGGCGAGCGTGGTGGACCTGGTAGCCGTGGTTTCCCTGGCGCAGATGGT
GTTGCTGGTCCCAAGGGTCCCGCTGGTGAACGTGGTTCTCCTGGCCCCGCTGGCCCCAAA
GGATCTCCTGGTGAAGCTGGTCGTCCCGGTGAAGCTGGTCTGCCTGGTGCCAAGGGTCTG
ACTGGAAGCCCTGGCAGCCCTGGTCCTGATGGCAAAACTGGCCCCCCTGGTCCCGCCGGT
CAAGATGGTCGCCCCGGACCCCCAGGCCCACCTGGTGCCCGTGGTCAGGCTGGTGTGATG
GGATTCCCTGGACCTAAAGGTGCTGCTGGAGAGCCCGGCAAGGCTGGAGAGCGAGGTGTT
CCCGGACCCCCTGGCGCTGTCGGTCCTGCTGGCAAAGATGGAGAGGCTGGAGCTCAGGGA
CCCCCTGGCCCTGCTGGTCCCGCTGGCGAGAGAGGTGAACAAGGCCCTGCTGGCTCCCCC
GGATTCCAGGGTCTCCCTGGTCCTGCTGGTCCTCCAGGTGAAGCAGGCAAACCTGGTGAA
CAGGGTGTTCCTGGAGACCTTGGCGCCCCTGGCCCCTCTGGAGCAAGAGGCGAGAGAGGT
TTCCCTGGCGAGCGTGGTGTGCAAGGTCCCCCTGGTCCTGCTGGACCCCGAGGGGCCAAC
GGTGCTCCCGGCAACGATGGTGCTAAGGGTGATGCTGGTGCCCCTGGAGCTCCCGGTAGC
CAGGGCGCCCCTGGCCTTCAGGGAATGCCTGGTGAACGTGGTGCAGCTGGTCTTCCAGGG
CCTAAGGGTGACAGAGGTGATGCTGGTCCCAAAGGTGCTGATGGCTCTCCTGGCAAAGAT
GGCGTCCGTGGTCTGACCGGCCCCATTGGTCCTCCTGGCCCTGCTGGTGCCCCTGGTGAC
AAGGGTGAAAGTGGTCCCAGCGGCCCTGCTGGTCCCACTGGAGCTCGTGGTGCCCCCGGA
GACCGTGGTGAGCCTGGTCCCCCCGGCCCTGCTGGCTTTGCTGGCCCCCCTGGTGCTGAC
GGCCAACCTGGTGCTAAAGGCGAACCTGGTGATGCTGGTGCCAAAGGCGATGCTGGTCCC
CCTGGGCCTGCCGGACCCGCTGGACCCCCTGGCCCCATTGGTAATGTTGGTGCTCCTGGA
GCCAAAGGTGCTCGCGGCAGCGCTGGTCCCCCTGGTGCTACTGGTTTCCCTGGTGCTGCT
GGCCGAGTCGGTCCTCCTGGCCCCTCTGGAAATGCTGGACCCCCTGGCCCTCCTGGTCCT
GCTGGCAAAGAAGGCGGCAAAGGTCCCCGTGGTGAGACTGGCCCTGCTGGACGTCCTGGT
GAAGTTGGTCCCCCTGGTCCCCCTGGCCCTGCTGGCGAGAAAGGATCCCCTGGTGCTGAT
GGTCCTGCTGGTGCTCCTGGTACTCCCGGGCCTCAAGGTATTGCTGGACAGCGTGGTGTG
GTCGGCCTGCCTGGTCAGAGAGGAGAGAGAGGCTTCCCTGGTCTTCCTGGCCCCTCTGGT
GAACCTGGCAAACAAGGTCCCTCTGGAGCAAGTGGTGAACGTGGTCCCCCCGGTCCCATG
GGCCCCCCTGGATTGGCTGGACCCCCTGGTGAATCTGGACGTGAGGGGGCTCCTGCTGCC
GAAGGTTCCCCTGGACGAGACGGTTCTCCTGGCGCCAAGGGTGACCGTGGTGAGACCGGC
CCCGCTGGACCCCCTGGTGCTCCTGGTGCTCCTGGTGCCCCTGGCCCCGTTGGCCCTGCT
GGCAAGAGTGGTGATCGTGGTGAGACTGGTCCTGCTGGTCCCGCCGGTCCCGTCGGCCCC
GTCGGCGCCCGTGGCCCCGCCGGACCCCAAGGCCCCCGTGGTGACAAGGGTGAGACAGGC
GAACAGGGCGACAGAGGCATAAAGGGTCACCGTGGCTTCTCTGGCCTCCAGGGTCCCCCT
GGCCCTCCTGGCTCTCCTGGTGAACAAGGTCCCTCTGGAGCCTCTGGTCCTGCTGGTCCC
CGAGGTCCCCCTGGCTCTGCTGGTGCTCCTGGCAAAGATGGACTCAACGGTCTCCCTGGC
CCCATTGGGCCCCCTGGTCCTCGCGGTCGCACTGGTGATGCTGGTCCTGTTGGTCCCCCC
GGCCCTCCTGGACCTCCTGGTCCCCCTGGTCCTCCCAGCGCTGGTTTCGACTTCAGCTTC
CTGCCCCAGCCACCTCAAGAGAAGGCTCACGATGGTGGCCGCTACTACCGGGCTGATGAT
GCCAATGTGGTTCGTGACCGTGACCTCGAGGTGGACACCACCCTCAAGAGCCTGAGCCAG
CAGATCGAGAACATCCGGAGCCCAGAGGGAAGCCGCAAGAACCCCGCCCGCACCTGCCGT
GACCTCAAGATGTGCCACTCTGACTGGAAGAGTGGAGAGTACTGGATTGACCCCAACCAA
GGCTGCAACCTGGATGCCATCAAAGTCTTCTGCAACATGGAGACTGGTGAGACCTGCGTG
TACCCCACTCAGCCCAGTGTGGCCCAGAAGAACTGGTACATCAGCAAGAACCCCAAGGAC
AAGAGGCATGTCTGGTTCGGCGAGAGCATGACCGATGGATTCCAGTTCGAGTATGGCGGC
CAGGGCTCCGACCCTGCCGATGTGGCCATCCAGCTGACCTTCCTGCGCCTGATGTCCACC
GAGGCCTCCCAGAACATCACCTACCACTGCAAGAACAGCGTGGCCTACATGGACCAGCAG
ACTGGCAACCTCAAGAAGGCCCTGCTCCTCAAGGGCTCCAACGAGATCGAGATCCGCGCC
GAGGGCAACAGCCGCTTCACCTACAGCGTCACTGTCGATGGCTGCACGAGTCACACCGGA
GCCTGGGGCAAGACAGTGATTGAATACAAAACCACCAAGTCCTCCCGCCTGCCCATCATC
GATGTGGCCCCCTTGGACGTTGGTGCCCCAGACCAGGAATTCGGCTTCGACGTTGGCCCT
GTCTGCTTCCTGTAA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 1464
Molecular Weight 138941.1
Theoretical pI 5.47
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • 1-22
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Collagen alpha-1(I) chain
MFSFVDLRLLLLLAATALLTHGQEEGQVEGQDEDIPPITCVQNGLRYHDRDVWKPEPCRI
CVCDNGKVLCDDVICDETKNCPGAEVPEGECCPVCPDGSESPTDQETTGVEGPKGDTGPR
GPRGPAGPPGRDGIPGQPGLPGPPGPPGPPGPPGLGGNFAPQLSYGYDEKSTGGISVPGP
MGPSGPRGLPGPPGAPGPQGFQGPPGEPGEPGASGPMGPRGPPGPPGKNGDDGEAGKPGR
PGERGPPGPQGARGLPGTAGLPGMKGHRGFSGLDGAKGDAGPAGPKGEPGSPGENGAPGQ
MGPRGLPGERGRPGAPGPAGARGNDGATGAAGPPGPTGPAGPPGFPGAVGAKGEAGPQGP
RGSEGPQGVRGEPGPPGPAGAAGPAGNPGADGQPGAKGANGAPGIAGAPGFPGARGPSGP
QGPGGPPGPKGNSGEPGAPGSKGDTGAKGEPGPVGVQGPPGPAGEEGKRGARGEPGPTGL
PGPPGERGGPGSRGFPGADGVAGPKGPAGERGSPGPAGPKGSPGEAGRPGEAGLPGAKGL
TGSPGSPGPDGKTGPPGPAGQDGRPGPPGPPGARGQAGVMGFPGPKGAAGEPGKAGERGV
PGPPGAVGPAGKDGEAGAQGPPGPAGPAGERGEQGPAGSPGFQGLPGPAGPPGEAGKPGE
QGVPGDLGAPGPSGARGERGFPGERGVQGPPGPAGPRGANGAPGNDGAKGDAGAPGAPGS
QGAPGLQGMPGERGAAGLPGPKGDRGDAGPKGADGSPGKDGVRGLTGPIGPPGPAGAPGD
KGESGPSGPAGPTGARGAPGDRGEPGPPGPAGFAGPPGADGQPGAKGEPGDAGAKGDAGP
PGPAGPAGPPGPIGNVGAPGAKGARGSAGPPGATGFPGAAGRVGPPGPSGNAGPPGPPGP
AGKEGGKGPRGETGPAGRPGEVGPPGPPGPAGEKGSPGADGPAGAPGTPGPQGIAGQRGV
VGLPGQRGERGFPGLPGPSGEPGKQGPSGASGERGPPGPMGPPGLAGPPGESGREGAPGA
EGSPGRDGSPGAKGDRGETGPAGPPGAPGAPGAPGPVGPAGKSGDRGETGPAGPTGPVGP
VGARGPAGPQGPRGDKGETGEQGDRGIKGHRGFSGLQGPPGPPGSPGEQGPSGASGPAGP
RGPPGSAGAPGKDGLNGLPGPIGPPGPRGRTGDAGPVGPPGPPGPPGPPGPPSAGFDFSF
LPQPPQEKAHDGGRYYRADDANVVRDRDLEVDTTLKSLSQQIENIRSPEGSRKNPARTCR
DLKMCHSDWKSGEYWIDPNQGCNLDAIKVFCNMETGETCVYPTQPSVAQKNWYISKNPKD
KRHVWFGESMTDGFQFEYGGQGSDPADVAIQLTFLRLMSTEASQNITYHCKNSVAYMDQQ
TGNLKKALLLQGSNEIEIRAEGNSRFTYSVTVDGCTSHTGAWGKTVIEYKTTKTSRLPII
DVAPLDVGAPDQEFGFDVGPVCFL
GenBank ID Protein 1418928
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P02452
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name CO1A1_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID Z74615
GeneCard ID COL1A1
GenAtlas ID COL1A1
HGNC ID HGNC:2197
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Stefanovic B, Stefanovic L, Schnabl B, Bataller R, Brenner DA: TRAM2 protein interacts with endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump Serca2b and is necessary for collagen type I synthesis. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Feb;24(4):1758-68. [PubMed:14749390 ]
  3. Korkko J, Ala-Kokko L, De Paepe A, Nuytinck L, Earley J, Prockop DJ: Analysis of the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes by PCR amplification and scanning by conformation-sensitive gel electrophoresis identifies only COL1A1 mutations in 15 patients with osteogenesis imperfecta type I: identification of common sequences of null-allele mutations. Am J Hum Genet. 1998 Jan;62(1):98-110. [PubMed:9443882 ]
  4. D'Alessio M, Bernard M, Pretorius PJ, de Wet W, Ramirez F: Complete nucleotide sequence of the region encompassing the first twenty-five exons of the human pro alpha 1(I) collagen gene (COL1A1) Gene. 1988 Jul 15;67(1):105-15. [PubMed:2843432 ]
  5. Tromp G, Kuivaniemi H, Stacey A, Shikata H, Baldwin CT, Jaenisch R, Prockop DJ: Structure of a full-length cDNA clone for the prepro alpha 1(I) chain of human type I procollagen. Biochem J. 1988 Aug 1;253(3):919-22. [PubMed:3178743 ]
  6. Chu ML, de Wet W, Bernard M, Ding JF, Morabito M, Myers J, Williams C, Ramirez F: Human pro alpha 1(I) collagen gene structure reveals evolutionary conservation of a pattern of introns and exons. Nature. 1984 Jul 26-Aug 1;310(5975):337-40. [PubMed:6462220 ]
  7. Rossouw CM, Vergeer WP, du Plooy SJ, Bernard MP, Ramirez F, de Wet WJ: DNA sequences in the first intron of the human pro-alpha 1(I) collagen gene enhance transcription. J Biol Chem. 1987 Nov 5;262(31):15151-7. [PubMed:2822714 ]
  8. Chu ML, de Wet W, Bernard M, Ramirez F: Fine structural analysis of the human pro-alpha 1 (I) collagen gene. Promoter structure, AluI repeats, and polymorphic transcripts. J Biol Chem. 1985 Feb 25;260(4):2315-20. [PubMed:2857713 ]
  9. Bornstein P, McKay J, Morishima JK, Devarayalu S, Gelinas RE: Regulatory elements in the first intron contribute to transcriptional control of the human alpha 1(I) collagen gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987 Dec;84(24):8869-73. [PubMed:3480516 ]
  10. Wirtz MK, Keene DR, Hori H, Glanville RW, Steinmann B, Rao VH, Hollister DW: In vivo and in vitro noncovalent association of excised alpha 1 (I) amino-terminal propeptides with mutant pN alpha 2(I) collagen chains in native mutant collagen in a case of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type VII. J Biol Chem. 1990 Apr 15;265(11):6312-7. [PubMed:2318855 ]
  11. Weil D, D'Alessio M, Ramirez F, de Wet W, Cole WG, Chan D, Bateman JF: A base substitution in the exon of a collagen gene causes alternative splicing and generates a structurally abnormal polypeptide in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VII. EMBO J. 1989 Jun;8(6):1705-10. [PubMed:2767050 ]
  12. Click EM, Bornstein P: Isolation and characterization of the cyanogen bromide peptides from the alpha 1 and alpha 2 chains of human skin collagen. Biochemistry. 1970 Nov 24;9(24):4699-706. [PubMed:5529814 ]
  13. Batge B, Notbohm H, Diebold J, Lehmann H, Bodo M, Deutzmann R, Muller PK: A critical crosslink region in human-bone-derived collagen type I. Specific cleavage site at residue Leu95. Eur J Biochem. 1990 Aug 28;192(1):153-9. [PubMed:2169412 ]
  14. Morgan PH, Jacobs HG, Segrest JP, Cunningham LW: A comparative study of glycopeptides derived from selected vertebrate collagens. A possible role of the carbohydrate in fibril formation. J Biol Chem. 1970 Oct 10;245(19):5042-8. [PubMed:4319110 ]
  15. Labhard ME, Hollister DW: Segmental amplification of the entire helical and telopeptide regions of the cDNA for human alpha 1 (I) collagen. Matrix. 1990 May;10(2):124-30. [PubMed:2374517 ]
  16. Bernard MP, Chu ML, Myers JC, Ramirez F, Eikenberry EF, Prockop DJ: Nucleotide sequences of complementary deoxyribonucleic acids for the pro alpha 1 chain of human type I procollagen. Statistical evaluation of structures that are conserved during evolution. Biochemistry. 1983 Oct 25;22(22):5213-23. [PubMed:6689127 ]
  17. Chu ML, Myers JC, Bernard MP, Ding JF, Ramirez F: Cloning and characterization of five overlapping cDNAs specific for the human pro alpha 1(I) collagen chain. Nucleic Acids Res. 1982 Oct 11;10(19):5925-34. [PubMed:6183642 ]
  18. Chu ML, Gargiulo V, Williams CJ, Ramirez F: Multiexon deletion in an osteogenesis imperfecta variant with increased type III collagen mRNA. J Biol Chem. 1985 Jan 25;260(2):691-4. [PubMed:2981843 ]
  19. Barsh GS, Roush CL, Bonadio J, Byers PH, Gelinas RE: Intron-mediated recombination may cause a deletion in an alpha 1 type I collagen chain in a lethal form of osteogenesis imperfecta. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 May;82(9):2870-4. [PubMed:3857621 ]
  20. Wallis GA, Starman BJ, Zinn AB, Byers PH: Variable expression of osteogenesis imperfecta in a nuclear family is explained by somatic mosaicism for a lethal point mutation in the alpha 1(I) gene (COL1A1) of type I collagen in a parent. Am J Hum Genet. 1990 Jun;46(6):1034-40. [PubMed:2339700 ]
  21. Forlino A, Zolezzi F, Valli M, Pignatti PF, Cetta G, Brunelli PC, Mottes M: Severe (type III) osteogenesis imperfecta due to glycine substitutions in the central domain of the collagen triple helix. Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Dec;3(12):2201-6. [PubMed:7881420 ]
  22. Chessler SD, Wallis GA, Byers PH: Mutations in the carboxyl-terminal propeptide of the pro alpha 1(I) chain of type I collagen result in defective chain association and produce lethal osteogenesis imperfecta. J Biol Chem. 1993 Aug 25;268(24):18218-25. [PubMed:8349697 ]
  23. Cohn DH, Apone S, Eyre DR, Starman BJ, Andreassen P, Charbonneau H, Nicholls AC, Pope FM, Byers PH: Substitution of cysteine for glycine within the carboxyl-terminal telopeptide of the alpha 1 chain of type I collagen produces mild osteogenesis imperfecta. J Biol Chem. 1988 Oct 15;263(29):14605-7. [PubMed:3170557 ]
  24. Makela JK, Raassina M, Virta A, Vuorio E: Human pro alpha 1(I) collagen: cDNA sequence for the C-propeptide domain. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988 Jan 11;16(1):349. [PubMed:3340531 ]
  25. Willing MC, Cohn DH, Byers PH: Frameshift mutation near the 3' end of the COL1A1 gene of type I collagen predicts an elongated Pro alpha 1(I) chain and results in osteogenesis imperfecta type I. J Clin Invest. 1990 Jan;85(1):282-90. [PubMed:2295701 ]
  26. Maatta A, Bornstein P, Penttinen RP: Highly conserved sequences in the 3'-untranslated region of the COL1A1 gene bind cell-specific nuclear proteins. FEBS Lett. 1991 Feb 11;279(1):9-13. [PubMed:1995349 ]
  27. Kuivaniemi H, Tromp G, Prockop DJ: Mutations in collagen genes: causes of rare and some common diseases in humans. FASEB J. 1991 Apr;5(7):2052-60. [PubMed:2010058 ]
  28. Kuivaniemi H, Tromp G, Prockop DJ: Mutations in fibrillar collagens (types I, II, III, and XI), fibril-associated collagen (type IX), and network-forming collagen (type X) cause a spectrum of diseases of bone, cartilage, and blood vessels. Hum Mutat. 1997;9(4):300-15. [PubMed:9101290 ]
  29. Byers PH, Wallis GA, Willing MC: Osteogenesis imperfecta: translation of mutation to phenotype. J Med Genet. 1991 Jul;28(7):433-42. [PubMed:1895312 ]
  30. Cohn DH, Byers PH, Steinmann B, Gelinas RE: Lethal osteogenesis imperfecta resulting from a single nucleotide change in one human pro alpha 1(I) collagen allele. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Aug;83(16):6045-7. [PubMed:3016737 ]
  31. Bateman JF, Chan D, Walker ID, Rogers JG, Cole WG: Lethal perinatal osteogenesis imperfecta due to the substitution of arginine for glycine at residue 391 of the alpha 1(I) chain of type I collagen. J Biol Chem. 1987 May 25;262(15):7021-7. [PubMed:3108247 ]
  32. Vogel BE, Minor RR, Freund M, Prockop DJ: A point mutation in a type I procollagen gene converts glycine 748 of the alpha 1 chain to cysteine and destabilizes the triple helix in a lethal variant of osteogenesis imperfecta. J Biol Chem. 1987 Oct 25;262(30):14737-44. [PubMed:3667599 ]
  33. Bateman JF, Lamande SR, Dahl HH, Chan D, Cole WG: Substitution of arginine for glycine 664 in the collagen alpha 1(I) chain in lethal perinatal osteogenesis imperfecta. Demonstration of the peptide defect by in vitro expression of the mutant cDNA. J Biol Chem. 1988 Aug 25;263(24):11627-30. [PubMed:3403550 ]
  34. Labhard ME, Wirtz MK, Pope FM, Nicholls AC, Hollister DW: A cysteine for glycine substitution at position 1017 in an alpha 1(I) chain of type I collagen in a patient with mild dominantly inherited osteogenesis imperfecta. Mol Biol Med. 1988 Dec;5(3):197-207. [PubMed:3244312 ]
  35. Patterson E, Smiley E, Bonadio J: RNA sequence analysis of a perinatal lethal osteogenesis imperfecta mutation. J Biol Chem. 1989 Jun 15;264(17):10083-7. [PubMed:2470760 ]
  36. Marini JC, Grange DK, Gottesman GS, Lewis MB, Koeplin DA: Osteogenesis imperfecta type IV. Detection of a point mutation in one alpha 1(I) collagen allele (COL1A1) by RNA/RNA hybrid analysis. J Biol Chem. 1989 Jul 15;264(20):11893-900. [PubMed:2745420 ]
  37. Lamande SR, Dahl HH, Cole WG, Bateman JF: Characterization of point mutations in the collagen COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes causing lethal perinatal osteogenesis imperfecta. J Biol Chem. 1989 Sep 25;264(27):15809-12. [PubMed:2777764 ]
  38. Pack M, Constantinou CD, Kalia K, Nielsen KB, Prockop DJ: Substitution of serine for alpha 1(I)-glycine 844 in a severe variant of osteogenesis imperfecta minimally destabilizes the triple helix of type I procollagen. The effects of glycine substitutions on thermal stability are either position of amino acid specific. J Biol Chem. 1989 Nov 25;264(33):19694-9. [PubMed:2511192 ]
  39. Constantinou CD, Nielsen KB, Prockop DJ: A lethal variant of osteogenesis imperfecta has a single base mutation that substitutes cysteine for glycine 904 of the alpha 1(I) chain of type I procollagen. The asymptomatic mother has an unidentified mutation producing an overmodified and unstable type I procollagen. J Clin Invest. 1989 Feb;83(2):574-84. [PubMed:2913053 ]
  40. Starman BJ, Eyre D, Charbonneau H, Harrylock M, Weis MA, Weiss L, Graham JM Jr, Byers PH: Osteogenesis imperfecta. The position of substitution for glycine by cysteine in the triple helical domain of the pro alpha 1(I) chains of type I collagen determines the clinical phenotype. J Clin Invest. 1989 Oct;84(4):1206-14. [PubMed:2794057 ]
  41. Westerhausen A, Kishi J, Prockop DJ: Mutations that substitute serine for glycine alpha 1-598 and glycine alpha 1-631 in type I procollagen. The effects on thermal unfolding of the triple helix are position-specific and demonstrate that the protein unfolds through a series of cooperative blocks. J Biol Chem. 1990 Aug 15;265(23):13995-4000. [PubMed:2116413 ]
  42. Wallis GA, Starman BJ, Schwartz MF, Byers PH: Substitution of arginine for glycine at position 847 in the triple-helical domain of the alpha 1 (I) chain of type I collagen produces lethal osteogenesis imperfecta. Molecules that contain one or two abnormal chains differ in stability and secretion. J Biol Chem. 1990 Oct 25;265(30):18628-33. [PubMed:2211725 ]
  43. Zhuang JP, Constantinou CD, Ganguly A, Prockop DJ: A single base mutation in type I procollagen (COL1A1) that converts glycine alpha 1-541 to aspartate in a lethal variant of osteogenesis imperfecta: detection of the mutation with a carbodiimide reaction of DNA heteroduplexes and direct sequencing of products of the PCR. Am J Hum Genet. 1991 Jun;48(6):1186-91. [PubMed:2035536 ]
  44. Steinmann B, Westerhausen A, Constantinou CD, Superti-Furga A, Prockop DJ: Substitution of cysteine for glycine-alpha 1-691 in the pro alpha 1(I) chain of type I procollagen in a proband with lethal osteogenesis imperfecta destabilizes the triple helix at a site C-terminal to the substitution. Biochem J. 1991 Nov 1;279 ( Pt 3):747-52. [PubMed:1953667 ]
  45. Kadler KE, Torre-Blanco A, Adachi E, Vogel BE, Hojima Y, Prockop DJ: A type I collagen with substitution of a cysteine for glycine-748 in the alpha 1(I) chain copolymerizes with normal type I collagen and can generate fractallike structures. Biochemistry. 1991 May 21;30(20):5081-8. [PubMed:2036375 ]
  46. Pruchno CJ, Cohn DH, Wallis GA, Willing MC, Starman BJ, Zhang XM, Byers PH: Osteogenesis imperfecta due to recurrent point mutations at CpG dinucleotides in the COL1A1 gene of type I collagen. Hum Genet. 1991 May;87(1):33-40. [PubMed:2037280 ]
  47. Valli M, Mottes M, Tenni R, Sangalli A, Gomez Lira M, Rossi A, Antoniazzi F, Cetta G, Pignatti PF: A de novo G to T transversion in a pro-alpha 1 (I) collagen gene for a moderate case of osteogenesis imperfecta. Substitution of cysteine for glycine 178 in the triple helical domain. J Biol Chem. 1991 Jan 25;266(3):1872-8. [PubMed:1988452 ]
  48. Tsuneyoshi T, Westerhausen A, Constantinou CD, Prockop DJ: Substitutions for glycine alpha 1-637 and glycine alpha 2-694 of type I procollagen in lethal osteogenesis imperfecta. The conformational strain on the triple helix introduced by a glycine substitution can be transmitted along the helix. J Biol Chem. 1991 Aug 25;266(24):15608-13. [PubMed:1874719 ]
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