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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 09:56:01 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000095
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00095
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCytidine monophosphate
DescriptionCytidine monophosphate, also known as 5'-cytidylic acid and abbreviated CMP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside cytidine. CMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase cytosine. Cytidine monophosphate (CMP) is derived from cytidine triphosphate (CTP) with subsequent loss of two phosphates. The synthesis of the pyrimidines CTP and UTP occurs in the cytoplasm and starts with the formation of carbamoyl phosphate from glutamine and CO2. Next, aspartate undergoes a condensation reaction with carbamoyl-phosphate to form orotic acid. In a subsequent cyclization reaction, the enzyme Aspartate carbamoyltransferase forms N-carbamoyl-aspartate which is converted into dihydroorotic acid by Dihydroorotase. The latter is converted to orotate by Dihydroorotate oxidase. Orotate is covalently linked with a phosphorylated ribosyl unit with Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (aka "PRPP transferase") catalyzing reaction, yielding orotidine monophosphate (OMP). Orotidine-5-phosphate is decarboxylated by Orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase to form uridine monophosphate (UMP). UMP is phosphorylated by two kinases to uridine triphosphate (UTP) via two sequential reactions with ATP. CTP is subsequently formed by amination of UTP by the catalytic activity of CTP synthetase. Cytosine monophosphate (CMP) and uridine monophosphate (UMP) have been prescribed for the treatment of neuromuscular affections in humans. Patients treated with CMP/UMP recover from altered neurological functions. Additionally, the administration of CMP/UMP appears to favour the entry of glucose in the muscle and CMP/UMP may be important in maintaining the level of hepatic glycogen constant during exercise. [PMID:18663991 ].
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Cytidine 5'-monophosphateChEBI
Cytidine-5'-monophosphateChEBI
CytidylateChEBI
Cytidylic acidChEBI
pCChEBI
Cytidine 5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
Cytidine monophosphoric acidGenerator
Cytidine-5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
5'-CMPHMDB
5-CytidylateHMDB
5-Cytidylic acidHMDB
CMPHMDB
Cytidine 5'-monophosphorateHMDB
Cytidine 5'-phosphateHMDB
Cytidine 5'-phosphorateHMDB
Cytidine 5'-phosphoric acidHMDB
Cytidine mono(dihydrogen phosphate)HMDB
Acid, cytidylicMeSH
Monophosphate, cytidineMeSH
2' CMPMeSH
2'-CMPMeSH
3' CMPMeSH
Acids, cytidylicMeSH
Cytidylic acidsMeSH
3'-CMPMeSH
Chemical FormulaC9H14N3O8P
Average Molecular Weight323.1965
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight323.051850951
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Namecytidine monophosphate
CAS Registry Number63-37-6
SMILES
NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H14N3O8P/c10-5-1-2-12(9(15)11-5)8-7(14)6(13)4(20-8)3-19-21(16,17)18/h1-2,4,6-8,13-14H,3H2,(H2,10,11,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t4-,6-,7-,8-/m1/s1
InChI KeyIERHLVCPSMICTF-XVFCMESISA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine ribonucleoside monophosphates. These are pyrimidine ribobucleotides with monophosphate group linked to the ribose moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine ribonucleoside monophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Imidolactam
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point233 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility16.3 g/LALOGPS
logP-2ALOGPS
logP-3.3ChemAxon
logS-1.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.23ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.62ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area175.14 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity65.42 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability26.89 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9511000000-b038dcf334a34dfe4149View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01ot-9414000000-5835e3555d5546f12c1fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-0902000000-617172aee10f02d2ad2bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-0900000000-ae1e8fc6db6222910637View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-2900000000-c9ec8c41f82341b9225eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0229-0409000000-f28cc32ecb27c7712081View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-03di-0902000000-9a79f63e713af4d035abView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-03di-1900000000-a5ef2297cb197b2d13e2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-00ba-9003000000-fed24d718a29a060134bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-00ba-9003000000-331ea098a652ec08d560View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-00ba-9003000000-fed24d718a29a060134bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-00ba-9003000000-331ea098a652ec08d560View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0229-0409000000-f28cc32ecb27c7712081View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-03di-0902000000-9a79f63e713af4d035abView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-03di-1900000000-25254e2c3fbbfd5e145bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0901000000-75b42cbe789350bd13b0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-4900000000-fa026ae4d1a84f43102eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-7900000000-5adaadd61efb1191857eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0200-9848000000-0ac0c37265bd767019b2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9200000000-5dd0a8c928cf323e5d75View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-73255a3373b4f1f51b4dView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
  • Golgi apparatus
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
  • Saliva
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
  • Prostate
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.27 +/- 0.75 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.0573 +/- 0.176 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.0965 +/- 0.0870 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Colorectal cancer
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.90 +/- 0.71 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleAlzheimer's disease details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.02 +/- 0.31 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleFrontotemporal lobe dementia details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.63 +/- 0.64 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothLewy body disease details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Alzheimer's disease
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Colorectal cancer
  1. Goedert JJ, Sampson JN, Moore SC, Xiao Q, Xiong X, Hayes RB, Ahn J, Shi J, Sinha R: Fecal metabolomics: assay performance and association with colorectal cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2014 Sep;35(9):2089-96. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu131. Epub 2014 Jul 18. [PubMed:25037050 ]
Frontotemporal dementia
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Lewy body disease
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB011882
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5901
KEGG Compound IDC00055
BioCyc IDCMP
BiGG ID33689
Wikipedia LinkCytidine monophosphate
METLIN ID5143
PubChem Compound6131
PDB IDC
ChEBI ID17361
References
Synthesis ReferenceZhou, Jingkang. Method for preparing cytidine 5'-monophosphate. Faming Zhuanli Shenqing Gongkai Shuomingshu (2005), 12 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
  2. Hirono A, Fujii H, Miyajima H, Kawakatsu T, Hiyoshi Y, Miwa S: Three families with hereditary hemolytic anemia and pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase deficiency: electrophoretic and kinetic studies. Clin Chim Acta. 1983 May 30;130(2):189-97. [PubMed:6307548 ]
  3. Okahira S, Nishikawa F, Nishikawa S, Akazawa T, Seya T, Matsumoto M: Interferon-beta induction through toll-like receptor 3 depends on double-stranded RNA structure. DNA Cell Biol. 2005 Oct;24(10):614-23. [PubMed:16225392 ]
  4. Daunter B, Newlands J: Seminal plasma biochemistry II: seminal plasma and spermatozoal cytidine monophosphate-sialic acid synthetase and sialyltransferase activities. Andrologia. 1981 May-Jun;13(3):215-24. [PubMed:6267956 ]
  5. Schmukler M, Jewett PB, Levy CC: The effects of polyamines on a residue-specific human plasma ribonuclease. J Biol Chem. 1975 Mar 25;250(6):2206-12. [PubMed:234961 ]
  6. Paglia DE, Valentine WN, Keitt AS, Brockway RA, Nakatani M: Pyrimidine nucleotidase deficiency with active dephosphorylation of dTMP: evidence for existence of thymidine nucleotidase in human erythrocytes. Blood. 1983 Nov;62(5):1147-9. [PubMed:6313098 ]
  7. Yates AJ, Warner JK: Behavior of sugar derivatives in procedures for ganglioside isolation. Lipids. 1984 Jul;19(7):562-9. [PubMed:6748871 ]
  8. Li YP, Curley G, Lopez M, Chavez M, Glew R, Aragon A, Kumar H, Baca OG: Protein-tyrosine phosphatase activity of Coxiella burnetii that inhibits human neutrophils. Acta Virol. 1996 Nov-Dec;40(5-6):263-72. [PubMed:9171454 ]
  9. Hirono A, Fujii H, Natori H, Kurokawa I, Miwa S: Chromatographic analysis of human erythrocyte pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase from five patients with pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase deficiency. Br J Haematol. 1987 Jan;65(1):35-41. [PubMed:3028466 ]
  10. Gella A, Ponce J, Cusso R, Durany N: Effect of the nucleotides CMP and UMP on exhaustion in exercise rats. J Physiol Biochem. 2008 Mar;64(1):9-17. [PubMed:18663991 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 39 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes extracellular nucleotides into membrane permeable nucleosides.
Gene Name:
NT5E
Uniprot ID:
P21589
Molecular weight:
57948.125
Reactions
Cytidine monophosphate + Water → Cytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes specific phosphoryl transfer from ATP to UMP and CMP.
Gene Name:
CMPK1
Uniprot ID:
P30085
Molecular weight:
20180.12
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cytidine monophosphate → ADP + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides. Helps to regulate adenosine levels (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NT5C1B
Uniprot ID:
Q96P26
Molecular weight:
68803.055
Reactions
Cytidine monophosphate + Water → Cytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides and has a broad substrate specificity. Helps to regulate adenosine levels in heart during ischemia and hypoxia.
Gene Name:
NT5C1A
Uniprot ID:
Q9BXI3
Molecular weight:
41020.145
Reactions
Cytidine monophosphate + Water → Cytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides, with a preference for dUMP and dTMP, intermediate activity towards dGMP, and low activity towards dCMP and dAMP.
Gene Name:
NT5C
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCD5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Cytidine monophosphate + Water → Cytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.
Gene Name:
NT5M
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPB1
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Cytidine monophosphate + Water → Cytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
CDP + Water → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Has a threefold preference for the hydrolysis of ATP over ADP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD3
Uniprot ID:
O75355
Molecular weight:
59104.76
Reactions
CDP + Water → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Phosphorylates uridine and cytidine to uridine monophosphate and cytidine monophosphate. Does not phosphorylate deoxyribonucleosides or purine ribonucleosides. Can use ATP or GTP as a phosphate donor. Can also phosphorylate cytidine and uridine nucleoside analogs such as 6-azauridine, 5-fluorouridine, 4-thiouridine, 5-bromouridine, N(4)-acetylcytidine, N(4)-benzoylcytidine, 5-fluorocytidine, 2-thiocytidine, 5-methylcytidine, and N(4)-anisoylcytidine.
Gene Name:
UCK1
Uniprot ID:
Q9HA47
Molecular weight:
22760.43
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cytidine → ADP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
Uridine triphosphate + Cytidine → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
Guanosine triphosphate + Cytidine → Guanosine diphosphate + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
Inosine triphosphate + Cytidine → IDP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
Deoxyadenosine triphosphate + Cytidine → dADP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
dGTP + Cytidine → dGDP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
Thymidine 5'-triphosphate + Cytidine → dTDP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
dCTP + Cytidine → dCDP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
Deoxyuridine triphosphate + Cytidine → dUDP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 39 proteins in total.