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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:43:54 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000126
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0002722
  • HMDB00126
  • HMDB02722
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGlycerol 3-phosphate
DescriptionGlycerol 3-phosphate is a chemical intermediate in the glycolysis metabolic pathway. It is commonly confused with the similarly named glycerate 3-phosphate or glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Glycerol 3-phosphate is produced from glycerol, the triose sugar backbone of triglycerides and glycerophospholipids, by the enzyme glycerol kinase. Glycerol 3-phospate may then be converted by dehydrogenation to dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) by the enzyme glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. DHAP can then be rearranged into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GA3P) by triose phosphate isomerase (TIM), and feed into glycolysis. The glycerol 3-phosphate shuttle is used to rapidly regenerate NAD+ in the brain and skeletal muscle cells of mammals (wikipedia).
Structure
Data?1563860634
Synonyms
ValueSource
(R)-Glycerol 1-phosphateChEBI
D-(Glycerol 1-phosphate)ChEBI
D-Glycerol 1-phosphateChEBI
Glycerol-3-phosphateChEBI
Glycerophosphoric acidChEBI
L-(Glycerol 3-phosphate)ChEBI
Phosphoric acid mono-((R)-2,3-dihydroxy-propyl) esterChEBI
Phosphorsaeure-mono-((R)-2,3-dihydroxy-propylester)ChEBI
sn-GLYCEROL-3-phosphATEChEBI
sn-Gro-1-pChEBI
(R)-Glycerol 1-phosphoric acidGenerator
D-(Glycerol 1-phosphoric acid)Generator
D-Glycerol 1-phosphoric acidGenerator
Glycerol-3-phosphoric acidGenerator
GlycerophosphateGenerator
L-(Glycerol 3-phosphoric acid)Generator
Phosphate mono-((R)-2,3-dihydroxy-propyl) esterGenerator
sn-GLYCEROL-3-phosphoric acidGenerator
Glycerol 3-phosphoric acidGenerator
1-(Dihydrogen phosphate) glycerolHMDB
1-GlycerophosphateHMDB
1-GlycerophosphorateHMDB
1-Glycerophosphoric acidHMDB
3-GlycerophosphateHMDB
a-GlycerophosphateHMDB
a-GlycerophosphorateHMDB
a-Glycerophosphoric acidHMDB
a-PhosphoglycerolHMDB
alpha-GlycerophosphateHMDB
alpha-GlycerophosphorateHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acidHMDB
alpha-PhosphoglycerolHMDB
Dihydrogen a-glycerophosphateHMDB
DL-a-Glycerol phosphateHMDB
DL-a-GlycerophosphateHMDB
DL-a-GlycerophosphorateHMDB
DL-a-Glycerophosphoric acidHMDB
DL-a-Glyceryl phosphateHMDB
DL-alpha-Glycerol phosphateHMDB
DL-alpha-GlycerophosphateHMDB
DL-alpha-GlycerophosphorateHMDB
DL-alpha-Glycerophosphoric acidHMDB
DL-alpha-Glyceryl phosphateHMDB
DL-Glycerol 1-phosphateHMDB
DL-Glycerol 3-phosphateHMDB
Glycerol 1-phosphateHMDB
Glycerol a-phosphateHMDB
Glycerol monophosphateHMDB
GlycerophosphorateHMDB
Glycerophosphoric acid IHMDB
Glyceryl phosphateHMDB
sn-Glycerol 3-phosphateHMDB
1-PhosphoglycerolHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, (DL)-isomerHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, (R)-isomerHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, (S)-isomerHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, 1,2,3-propanetriol-1-(18)O,3-(dihydrogen phosphate)-labeledHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, 1,2,3-propanetriol-2-(18)O,3-(dihydrogen phosphate)-labeledHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, fe saltHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, fe(+3) salt (3:2)HMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, calcium saltHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, disodium saltHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, disodium salt (+-)-isomerHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, disodium salt hexahydrate(+-)-isomerHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, monocalcium saltHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, monocalcium salt (S)-isomerHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, monomagnesium saltHMDB
alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, sodium saltHMDB
Disodium glycerophosphateHMDB
Sodium glycerophosphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H9O6P
Average Molecular Weight172.0737
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight172.013674532
IUPAC Name[(2R)-2,3-dihydroxypropoxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional Name3-phosphoglycerol
CAS Registry Number57-03-4
SMILES
OC[C@@H](O)COP(O)(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H9O6P/c4-1-3(5)2-9-10(6,7)8/h3-5H,1-2H2,(H2,6,7,8)/t3-/m1/s1
InChI KeyAWUCVROLDVIAJX-GSVOUGTGSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycerophosphates. Glycerophosphates are compounds containing a glycerol linked to a phosphate group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphates
Direct ParentGlycerophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sn-glycerol-3-phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Organoleptic effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point102 - 104 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1000 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility30.6 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-2ChemAxon
logS-0.75ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.51ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area107.22 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.39 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.58 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0uea-0932000000-726f422c76a193edf232JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0uea-0932000000-726f422c76a193edf232JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0zgj-1976000000-019de1fa6314b95ef7feJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01ot-9300000000-a435ec7fb966f8ddc1a2JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0230-9080000000-9f48133c7a08fb549acdJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0002-9200000000-bf06c1d1e56cb8853243JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00kr-9200000000-ffce45222cab00a0c302JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001j-9000000000-7689cca8f9c9a12d9e75JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0902000000-00e3a7e1ee10fbd8b03eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-1a40c90fd2eb656ddf5cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-f9bc5f552db38767c437JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0920000000-72f8b96355726dd3a5b1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0901000000-2c3a8ed438d7ca0fa049JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-a3549fb5ec2675fbf615JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-096e2ba9a6ef6fd20d88JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0930000000-171708905bad289d6031JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0925110000-c1ced10d34f533b3fa1fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-4ee8a36492a451beda75JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-de2aacfb81476c7755e5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0900000000-dd342482ade09e9ce749JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0fkc-0917520000-d61e6034525ac5f7588dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-d537d3f23f3d9a789c20JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0900000000-2f1ca45b50402f6e62dfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0udi-0009000000-5606781224d6ab5caed3JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0pi0-1900000000-75b6ed57a4c9cd6378b4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0a59-6900000000-1c46fbda1468f6fd803cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a5c-9400000000-305e9a2554d8c3274f32JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-007o-9000000000-d11ad04a048c3dca25deJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-00mo-9000000000-7b779b4be184b5b26b6aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-5900000000-297dbde751110233eca5JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Prostate
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified30.0 +/- 3.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified13.48 +/- 7.10 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified5.30 +/- 2.20 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified6.33 +/- 3.24 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
SalivaDetected and Quantified14.80 +/- 11.37 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleAlzheimer's disease details
SalivaDetected and Quantified18.18 +/- 11.57 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleFrontotemporal lobe dementia details
SalivaDetected and Quantified19.83 +/- 10.17 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothLewy body disease details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothBladder cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Colorectal cancer
  1. Sinha R, Ahn J, Sampson JN, Shi J, Yu G, Xiong X, Hayes RB, Goedert JJ: Fecal Microbiota, Fecal Metabolome, and Colorectal Cancer Interrelations. PLoS One. 2016 Mar 25;11(3):e0152126. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152126. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27015276 ]
  2. Brown DG, Rao S, Weir TL, O'Malia J, Bazan M, Brown RJ, Ryan EP: Metabolomics and metabolic pathway networks from human colorectal cancers, adjacent mucosa, and stool. Cancer Metab. 2016 Jun 6;4:11. doi: 10.1186/s40170-016-0151-y. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27275383 ]
Alzheimer's disease
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Frontotemporal dementia
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Lewy body disease
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDDB02515
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021800
KNApSAcK IDC00007288
Chemspider ID388308
KEGG Compound IDC00093
BioCyc IDGLYCEROL-3P
BiGG ID137383
Wikipedia LinkGlycerol 3-phosphate
METLIN ID5161
PubChem Compound439162
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15978
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference Rios-Mercadillo, Victor M.; Whitesides, George M. Enzymic synthesis of sn-glycerol 3-phosphate. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1979), 101(19), 5828-9.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Slomiany BL, Piotrowski J, Mojtahed H, Slomiany A: Ebrotidine effect on the proteolytic and lipolytic activities of Helicobacter pylori. Gen Pharmacol. 1992 Mar;23(2):203-6. [PubMed:1639232 ]
  2. Guminski T: Some glycolytic enzymes in normal cerebrospinal fluid, brain tissue and blood plasma of infants. Clin Chim Acta. 1976 Aug 16;71(1):61-6. [PubMed:134854 ]
  3. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 17 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GPD2
Uniprot ID:
P43304
Molecular weight:
80851.99
Reactions
Glycerol 3-phosphate + a quinone → Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + a quinoldetails
Glycerol 3-phosphate + FAD → Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Specific function:
Key enzyme in the regulation of glycerol uptake and metabolism (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GK2
Uniprot ID:
Q14410
Molecular weight:
60593.32
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol → ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Specific function:
Key enzyme in the regulation of glycerol uptake and metabolism.
Gene Name:
GK
Uniprot ID:
P32189
Molecular weight:
57488.675
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol → ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GPD1
Uniprot ID:
P21695
Molecular weight:
37567.4
Reactions
Glycerol 3-phosphate + NAD → Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + NADHdetails
Glycerol 3-phosphate + NAD → Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Esterifies acyl-group from acyl-ACP to the sn-1 position of glycerol-3-phosphate, an essential step in glycerolipid biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
GPAM
Uniprot ID:
Q9HCL2
Molecular weight:
93793.895
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + Glycerol 3-phosphate → Coenzyme A + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphatedetails
Acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + Glycerol 3-phosphate → 1-Acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + Acyl-carrier proteindetails
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Specific function:
Key enzyme in the regulation of glycerol uptake and metabolism.
Gene Name:
GK3P
Uniprot ID:
Q14409
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol → ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Esterifies acyl-group from acyl-ACP to the sn-1 position of glycerol-3-phosphate, an essential step in glycerolipid biosynthesis. Active against both saturated and unsaturated long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs.
Gene Name:
AGPAT6
Uniprot ID:
Q86UL3
Molecular weight:
52070.605
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + Glycerol 3-phosphate → Coenzyme A + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphatedetails
Acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + Glycerol 3-phosphate → 1-Acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + Acyl-carrier proteindetails
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Functions in the biosynthesis of the anionic phospholipids phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PGS1
Uniprot ID:
Q32NB8
Molecular weight:
62729.745
Reactions
CDP-diacylglycerol + Glycerol 3-phosphate → Cytidine monophosphate + 3(3-sn-phosphatidyl)-sn-glycerol 1-phosphatedetails
CDP-diacylglycerol + Glycerol 3-phosphate → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphatidylglycerophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in regulating cardiac sodium current; decreased enzymatic activity with resulting increased levels of glycerol 3-phosphate activating the DPD1L-dependent SCN5A phosphorylation pathway, may ultimately lead to decreased sodium current; cardiac sodium current may also be reduced due to alterations of NAD(H) balance induced by DPD1L.
Gene Name:
GPD1L
Uniprot ID:
Q8N335
Molecular weight:
38418.44
Reactions
Glycerol 3-phosphate + NAD → Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + NADHdetails
Glycerol 3-phosphate + NAD → Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Esterifies acyl-group from acyl-ACP to the sn-1 position of glycerol-3-phosphate, an essential step in glycerolipid biosynthesis. Overexpression activates the mTOR pathway.
Gene Name:
AGPAT9
Uniprot ID:
Q53EU6
Molecular weight:
48704.805
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + Glycerol 3-phosphate → Coenzyme A + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphatedetails
Acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + Glycerol 3-phosphate → 1-Acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + Acyl-carrier proteindetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 17 proteins in total.