You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-08-16 03:09:13 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000010
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00010
  • HMDB04990
  • HMDB04991
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Methoxyestrone
Description2-methoxyestrone is a steroid derivative that is a byproduct of estrone and 2-hydroxyestrone metabolism. It is part of the androgen and estrogen metabolic pathway. The acid ionization constant (pKa) of 2-methoxyestrone is 10.81 (PMID: 516114 ). 2-Methoxyestrone can be metabolized to a sulfated derivative (2-Methoxyestrone 3-sulfate) via steroid sulfotransferase (EC 2.8.2.15). It can also be glucuronidated to 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide by UDP glucuronosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.17).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-(8S,9S,13S,14S)-3-Hydroxy-2-methoxy-13-methyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-oneHMDB
2-Hydroxyestrone 2-methyl etherHMDB
2-Methoxy-17-oxoestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-3-olHMDB
2-Methoxy-3-hydroxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-oneHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methoxy-estra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-oneHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-oneHMDB
Methoxy-estroneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC19H24O3
Average Molecular Weight300.3921
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight300.172544634
IUPAC Name(1S,10R,11S,15S)-5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-15-methyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadeca-2(7),3,5-trien-14-one
Traditional Name2-methoxyestrone
CAS Registry Number362-08-3
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@]1([H])C3=C(CC[C@@]21[H])C=C(O)C(OC)=C3
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H24O3/c1-19-8-7-12-13(15(19)5-6-18(19)21)4-3-11-9-16(20)17(22-2)10-14(11)12/h9-10,12-13,15,20H,3-8H2,1-2H3/t12-,13+,15-,19-/m0/s1
InChI KeyWHEUWNKSCXYKBU-QPWUGHHJSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as estrogens and derivatives. These are steroids with a structure containing a 3-hydroxylated estrane.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Direct ParentEstrogens and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Estrogen-skeleton
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 17-oxosteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Phenanthrene
  • Tetralin
  • Anisole
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Ketone
  • Ether
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point187.0 - 189.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0075 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.5ALOGPS
logP4.15ChemAxon
logS-4.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.29ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area46.53 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity85.55 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability34.34 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 MEOX; 1 TMS)splash10-0v00-3962100000-dc012225743e8174ee72View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 MEOX; 1 TMS)splash10-0ufr-4962100000-5be9e66baad9de695043View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0119000000-0bdc31d3bf6c50adcb9bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-0920000000-5046a6edcda6f0db50bbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0fa9-1900000000-dcf45f9d507508937962View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.005 (0.004-0.006) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.025 (0.02-0.03) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothProlactinoma details
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease References
    Prolactinoma
    1. Lee SH, Nam SY, Chung BC: Altered profile of endogenous steroids in the urine of patients with prolactinoma. Clin Biochem. 1998 Oct;31(7):529-35. [PubMed:9812172 ]
    Associated OMIM IDs
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
    FoodDB IDFDB021868
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    Chemspider ID389515
    KEGG Compound IDC05299
    BioCyc IDESTRONE-SULFATE
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia LinkNot Available
    NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0000010
    METLIN ID2578
    PubChem Compound440624
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI ID1189
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceStoelwinder, Johannes; Moers, Nicolaas Elisabeth Cornelis. Process for the preparation 2-substituted derivatives of estrone and estradiol.PCT Int. Appl. (2006), 40 pp.
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
    General References
    1. Lee SH, Nam SY, Chung BC: Altered profile of endogenous steroids in the urine of patients with prolactinoma. Clin Biochem. 1998 Oct;31(7):529-35. [PubMed:9812172 ]
    2. Longcope C, Flood C, Femino A, Williams KI: Metabolism of 2-methoxyestrone in normal men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1983 Aug;57(2):277-82. [PubMed:6863476 ]
    3. Ball P, Reu G, Schwab J, Knuppen R: Radioimmunoassay of 2-hydroxyesterone and 2-methoxyestrone in human urine. Steroids. 1979 May;33(5):563-76. [PubMed:462497 ]
    4. Lewis KM, Archer RD: pKa values of estrone, 17 beta-estradiol and 2-methoxyestrone. Steroids. 1979 Nov;34(5):485-99. [PubMed:516114 ]
    5. (). S. Kraychy, T. F. Gallagher. 2-Methoxyestrone, A Metabolite of Estradiol-17β in the Human. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79 (3), pp 754–754. .
    6. (). Miyazaki M, Fishman J. Isomeric aryl monsulfates of estrogen catechols. J Org Chem. 1968 Feb;33(2):662-4. .
    7. (). Shimada, K. et al., J. Chromatogr., 1979, 178, 350, (HPLC). .
    8. (). Gelbke, H.P. et al., Steroids, 1973, 21, 205, (synthesis, PMR). .
    9. (). Douglas GH, Walk CR, Smith H. Totally synthetic steroid hormones. V. (+ -)-2,3-Dimethoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-beta-ol and some congeners. J Med Chem. 1966 Jan;9(1):27-9.. .

    Enzymes

    General function:
    Involved in magnesium ion binding
    Specific function:
    Catalyzes the O-methylation, and thereby the inactivation, of catecholamine neurotransmitters and catechol hormones. Also shortens the biological half-lives of certain neuroactive drugs, like L-DOPA, alpha-methyl DOPA and isoproterenol.
    Gene Name:
    COMT
    Uniprot ID:
    P21964
    Molecular weight:
    30036.77
    Reactions
    2-Hydroxyestrone + S-Adenosylmethionine → 2-Methoxyestrone + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B28
    Uniprot ID:
    Q9BY64
    Molecular weight:
    38742.9
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B4
    Uniprot ID:
    P06133
    Molecular weight:
    60512.035
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A4
    Uniprot ID:
    P22310
    Molecular weight:
    60024.535
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B10
    Uniprot ID:
    P36537
    Molecular weight:
    60773.485
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B7
    Uniprot ID:
    P16662
    Molecular weight:
    60720.15
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B15
    Uniprot ID:
    P54855
    Molecular weight:
    61035.815
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
    Gene Name:
    UGT2A1
    Uniprot ID:
    Q9Y4X1
    Molecular weight:
    60771.605
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A1
    Uniprot ID:
    P22309
    Molecular weight:
    59590.91
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A9
    Uniprot ID:
    O60656
    Molecular weight:
    59940.495
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A8
    Uniprot ID:
    Q9HAW9
    Molecular weight:
    59741.035
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A3
    Uniprot ID:
    P35503
    Molecular weight:
    60337.835
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A10
    Uniprot ID:
    Q9HAW8
    Molecular weight:
    59809.075
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B17
    Uniprot ID:
    O75795
    Molecular weight:
    61094.915
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A6
    Uniprot ID:
    P19224
    Molecular weight:
    60750.215
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A5
    Uniprot ID:
    P35504
    Molecular weight:
    60070.565
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
    Gene Name:
    UGT2B11
    Uniprot ID:
    O75310
    Molecular weight:
    61037.8
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A7
    Uniprot ID:
    Q9HAW7
    Molecular weight:
    59818.315
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in androgen binding
    Specific function:
    Functions as an androgen transport protein, but may also be involved in receptor mediated processes. Each dimer binds one molecule of steroid. Specific for 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone, testosterone, and 17-beta-estradiol. Regulates the plasma metabolic clearance rate of steroid hormones by controlling their plasma concentration
    Gene Name:
    SHBG
    Uniprot ID:
    P04278
    Molecular weight:
    43778.8
    References
    1. Philip A, Murphy BE: Relative binding of certain steroids of low polarity to human sex hormone-binding globulin: strong binding of 2-methoxyestrone, a steroid lacking the 17 beta-OH group. Steroids. 1986 Jun;47(6):373-9. [PubMed:3617115 ]
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
    Gene Name:
    UGT2A3
    Uniprot ID:
    Q6UWM9
    Molecular weight:
    60253.94
    Reactions
    2-Methoxyestrone + Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid → 2-Methoxyestrone 3-glucuronide + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    Not Available
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A10
    Uniprot ID:
    Q5DT02
    Molecular weight:
    59809.1
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    Not Available
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A8
    Uniprot ID:
    Q5DSZ6
    Molecular weight:
    59741.0
    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    Not Available
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A7
    Uniprot ID:
    Q5DSZ7
    Molecular weight:
    59818.3