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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:14 UTC
Update Date2019-01-11 19:17:15 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002845
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02845
Metabolite Identification
Common NameHexanoyl-CoA
DescriptionHexanoyl-CoA, also known as hexanoyl-coenzyme A or caproyl-CoA, is a medium-chain fatty acyl-CoA having hexanoyl as the acyl group. Hexanoyl-CoA is slightly soluble (in water) and an extremely strong acidic compound (based on its pKa). Within the cell, hexanoyl-CoA is primarily located in the membrane (predicted from logP). It can also be found in the extracellular space. Hexanoyl-CoA exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. In humans, hexanoyl-CoA is involved in the biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids as well as in ceramide formation. Hexanoyl-CoA is also involved in few metabolic disorders, such as fatty acid elongation in mitochondria, mitochondrial beta-oxidation of medium chain saturated fatty acids, and mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short chain saturated fatty acids.
Structure
Data?1547234235
Synonyms
ValueSource
Caproyl-CoAChEBI
Caproyl-coenzyme AChEBI
coenzyme A, S-HexanoateChEBI
Hexanoyl-coenzyme AChEBI
N-Hexanoyl-CoAChEBI
N-Hexanoyl-coenzyme AChEBI
S-Hexanoyl-CoAChEBI
S-Hexanoyl-coenzym-aChEBI
S-Hexanoyl-coenzyme AChEBI
coenzyme A, S-Hexanoic acidGenerator
CoA(6:0)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H46N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight865.677
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight865.188373307
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-2-({[({[(3R)-3-[(2-{[2-(hexanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Namehexanoyl-coa
CAS Registry Number5060-32-2
SMILES
CCCCCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H46N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-18(36)55-11-10-29-17(35)8-9-30-25(39)22(38)27(2,3)13-48-54(45,46)51-53(43,44)47-12-16-21(50-52(40,41)42)20(37)26(49-16)34-15-33-19-23(28)31-14-32-24(19)34/h14-16,20-22,26,37-38H,4-13H2,1-3H3,(H,29,35)(H,30,39)(H,43,44)(H,45,46)(H2,28,31,32)(H2,40,41,42)/t16-,20-,21-,22+,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyOEXFMSFODMQEPE-HDRQGHTBSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl coas. These are acyl-CoAs carrying a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.67 g/LALOGPS
logP0.07ALOGPS
logP-3.8ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count24ChemAxon
Refractivity190.64 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability80.88 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000j-1931000110-940fe882d4b8cefb1914View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0079-1921000000-de60fcd8bc6f0c9bf08dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0079-1910000000-29936f42a08315dcc8ffView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-01rt-7911042450-6db5d278813c82f99785View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-4901110010-64b9e09e0fd795b938c8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-8900100000-f1097e6a0dd8990fbfb7View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB02563
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023074
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID395736
KEGG Compound IDC05270
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID459
PubChem Compound449118
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27540
References
Synthesis ReferencePullman, Maynard E. Convenient and versatile method for the purification of CoA thiol esters. Analytical Biochemistry (1973), 54(1), 188-98.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Dugan RE, Schmidt MJ, Hoganson GE, Steele J, Gilles BA, Shug AL: High-performance liquid chromatography of coenzyme A esters formed by transesterification of short-chain acylcarnitines: diagnosis of acidemias by urinary analysis. Anal Biochem. 1987 Feb 1;160(2):275-80. [PubMed:3578754 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 112 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
Reactions
Hexanoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxooctanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
Reactions
Hexanoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxooctanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
Reactions
Hexanoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxooctanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in valine and pyrimidine metabolism. Binds fatty acyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ALDH6A1
Uniprot ID:
Q02252
Molecular weight:
57839.31
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADL
Uniprot ID:
P28330
Molecular weight:
47655.275
Reactions
Hexanoyl-CoA + FAD → trans-2-Hexenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADS
Uniprot ID:
P16219
Molecular weight:
44296.705
Reactions
Hexanoyl-CoA + FAD → trans-2-Hexenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
Reactions
Hexanoyl-CoA + FAD → trans-2-Hexenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. Isoform 1 shows highest activity against medium-chain fatty acyl-CoAs and activity decreases with increasing chain length. Isoform 2 is active against a much broader range of substrates and shows activity towards very long-chain acyl-CoAs. Isoform 2 is twice as active as isoform 1 against 16-hydroxy-palmitoyl-CoA and is 25% more active against 1,16-hexadecanodioyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q15067
Molecular weight:
70135.205
Reactions
Hexanoyl-CoA + FAD → trans-2-Hexenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
IVD
Uniprot ID:
P26440
Molecular weight:
43055.325

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 112 proteins in total.