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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-13 00:43:18 UTC
Update Date2017-12-24 18:47:59 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003571
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03571
Metabolite Identification
Common NameLauroyl-CoA
DescriptionLauroyl-CoA, also known as dodecanoyl-CoA or C12:0-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl coas. These are acyl-CoAs carrying a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl chain. Thus, lauroyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. Lauroyl-CoA is slightly soluble (in water) and an extremely strong acidic compound (based on its pKa). Lauroyl-CoA has been primarily detected in urine. Within the cell, lauroyl-CoA is primarily located in the cytoplasm and peroxisome. Lauroyl-CoA exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to humans. Lauroyl-CoA and L-carnitine can be biosynthesized from dodecanoic acid and coenzyme A through the action of the enzyme carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 2, mitochondrial. In humans, lauroyl-CoA is involved in the fatty acid metabolism pathway, the Beta oxidation OF very long chain fatty acids pathway, and the adrenoleukodystrophy, X-linked pathway. Lauroyl-CoA is also involved in several metabolic disorders, some of which include de novo triacylglycerol biosynthesis TG(a-25:0/20:0/12:0) pathway, de novo triacylglycerol biosynthesis TG(22:0/17:0/12:0) pathway, de novo triacylglycerol biosynthesis TG(20:0/20:0/12:0) pathway, and de novo triacylglycerol biosynthesis TG(i-21:0/12:0/8:0) pathway.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
C12:0-CoAChEBI
coenzyme A, S-DodecanoateChEBI
Dodecanoyl-CoAChEBI
Dodecanoyl-coenzyme AChEBI
Lauroyl coenzyme AChEBI
Lauroyl-coenzyme AChEBI
coenzyme A, S-Dodecanoic acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC33H58N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight949.837
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight949.282273691
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-2-({[({[(3R)-3-[(2-{[2-(dodecanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Namelauroyl-coa
CAS Registry Number6244-92-4
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C33H58N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-24(42)61-17-16-35-23(41)14-15-36-31(45)28(44)33(2,3)19-54-60(51,52)57-59(49,50)53-18-22-27(56-58(46,47)48)26(43)32(55-22)40-21-39-25-29(34)37-20-38-30(25)40/h20-22,26-28,32,43-44H,4-19H2,1-3H3,(H,35,41)(H,36,45)(H,49,50)(H,51,52)(H2,34,37,38)(H2,46,47,48)/t22-,26-,27-,28+,32-/m1/s1
InChI KeyYMCXGHLSVALICC-GMHMEAMDSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl coas. These are acyl-CoAs carrying a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.59 g/LALOGPS
logP1.35ALOGPS
logP-2.3ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count30ChemAxon
Refractivity218.24 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability91.8 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1911101102-687968f22ae76ca547b2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0931300000-f614ebfa62da3b2be8e6View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1910102000-031217cf76abed1b705fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-003r-3922021304-259fa0e4c2115b5176b6View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-2901100001-efdce198394adecd9a34View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-7e1a4d11b2e1da20a826View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Peroxisome
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue Locations
  • Fibroblasts
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023198
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID145018
KEGG Compound IDC01832
BioCyc IDLAUROYLCOA-CPD
BiGG ID38504
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6959
PubChem Compound165436
PDB IDDCC
ChEBI ID15521
References
Synthesis ReferenceEaton, Simon; Turnbull, Douglass M.; Bartlett, Kim. Redox control of b-oxidation in rat liver mitochondria. European Journal of Biochemistry (1994), 220(3), 671-81.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Hunt MC, Ruiter J, Mooyer P, van Roermond CW, Ofman R, Ijlst L, Wanders RJ: Identification of fatty acid oxidation disorder patients with lowered acyl-CoA thioesterase activity in human skin fibroblasts. Eur J Clin Invest. 2005 Jan;35(1):38-46. [PubMed:15638818 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 112 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
Reactions
Lauroyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
Reactions
Lauroyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
Reactions
Lauroyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in valine and pyrimidine metabolism. Binds fatty acyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ALDH6A1
Uniprot ID:
Q02252
Molecular weight:
57839.31
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADL
Uniprot ID:
P28330
Molecular weight:
47655.275
Reactions
Lauroyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADS
Uniprot ID:
P16219
Molecular weight:
44296.705
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
Reactions
Lauroyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. Isoform 1 shows highest activity against medium-chain fatty acyl-CoAs and activity decreases with increasing chain length. Isoform 2 is active against a much broader range of substrates and shows activity towards very long-chain acyl-CoAs. Isoform 2 is twice as active as isoform 1 against 16-hydroxy-palmitoyl-CoA and is 25% more active against 1,16-hexadecanodioyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q15067
Molecular weight:
70135.205
Reactions
Lauroyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
IVD
Uniprot ID:
P26440
Molecular weight:
43055.325

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 112 proteins in total.