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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-13 07:51:53 UTC
Update Date2018-05-15 22:55:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003945
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0006533
  • HMDB03945
  • HMDB06533
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
Description(2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid metabolism, the substrate of the enzyme enoyl-CoA hydratase [EC:4.2.1.17]; (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA is also the substrate of the enzyme trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductase [EC:1.3.1.38], in the fatty acid elongation pathway in mitochondria. (PMID: 1278159 , KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(e)-C16:1 N-14-CoAHMDB
(e)-Hexadec-2-enoyl-CoA tetraanionHMDB
(e)-Hexadec-2-enoyl-coenzyme A tetraanionHMDB
(e)-Hexadec-2-enoyl-coenzyme A(4-)HMDB
trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA(4-)HMDB
trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-coenzyme A tetraanionHMDB
trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-coenzyme A(4-)HMDB
trans-C16:1 N-14-CoAHMDB
trans-Hexadec-2-enoyl-CoA(4-)HMDB
(2E)-Hexadecenoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoAHMDB
trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC37H64N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight1003.93
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1003.329225797
IUPAC Name{[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-2-[({[({3-[(2-{[2-(hexadec-2-enoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)methyl]-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-2-{[({3-[(2-{[2-(hexadec-2-enoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]methyl}-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number4460-95-1
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCC=CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OCC1OC(C(O)C1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C37H64N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-28(46)65-21-20-39-27(45)18-19-40-35(49)32(48)37(2,3)23-58-64(55,56)61-63(53,54)57-22-26-31(60-62(50,51)52)30(47)36(59-26)44-25-43-29-33(38)41-24-42-34(29)44/h16-17,24-26,30-32,36,47-48H,4-15,18-23H2,1-3H3,(H,39,45)(H,40,49)(H,53,54)(H,55,56)(H2,38,41,42)(H2,50,51,52)
InChI KeyJUPAQFRKPHPXLD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain 2-enoyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to a long-chain 2-enoyl chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain 2-enoyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Fatty amide
  • Imidolactam
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Oxolane
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP2.319Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.22 g/LALOGPS
logP2.38ALOGPS
logP0.83ChemAxon
logS-2.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count33ChemAxon
Refractivity237.74 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability100.03 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023264
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID26332261
KEGG Compound IDC05272
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID45474
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5118010
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID61526
References
Synthesis ReferenceAl-Arif, Adhid; Blecher, Melvin. Chemical synthesis of carnitine and coenzyme A esters of the b-substituted intermediates of hexadecanoic acid metabolism. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Lipids and Lipid Metabolism (1971), 248(3), 416-29.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Hinsch W, Klages C, Seubert W: On the mechanism of malonyl-CoA-independent fatty-acid synthesis. Different properties of the mitochondrial chain elongation and enoylCoA reductase in various tissues. Eur J Biochem. 1976 Apr 15;64(1):45-55. [PubMed:1278159 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 115 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in valine and pyrimidine metabolism. Binds fatty acyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ALDH6A1
Uniprot ID:
Q02252
Molecular weight:
57839.31
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADL
Uniprot ID:
P28330
Molecular weight:
47655.275
Reactions
hexadecanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADS
Uniprot ID:
P16219
Molecular weight:
44296.705
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
Reactions
hexadecanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. Isoform 1 shows highest activity against medium-chain fatty acyl-CoAs and activity decreases with increasing chain length. Isoform 2 is active against a much broader range of substrates and shows activity towards very long-chain acyl-CoAs. Isoform 2 is twice as active as isoform 1 against 16-hydroxy-palmitoyl-CoA and is 25% more active against 1,16-hexadecanodioyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q15067
Molecular weight:
70135.205
Reactions
hexadecanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
IVD
Uniprot ID:
P26440
Molecular weight:
43055.325

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 115 proteins in total.