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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2008-12-10 02:07:44 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 10:13:29 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0011334
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB11334
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePC(P-18:1(9Z)/P-18:1(9Z))
DescriptionPC(P-18:1(9Z)/P-18:1(9Z)) is a phosphatidylcholine (PC or GPCho). It is a glycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylcholine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. As is the case with diacylglycerols, glycerophosphocholines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the C-1 and C-2 positions. Fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. PC(P-18:1(9Z)/P-18:1(9Z)), in particular, consists of two chains of plasmalogen 18:1n9 at the C-1 and C-2 positions. The plasmalogen 18:1n9 moieties are derived from animal fats, liver and kidney. Phospholipids, are ubiquitous in nature and are key components of the lipid bilayer of cells, as well as being involved in metabolism and signaling.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2R)-2,3-Bis[(1Z,9Z)-octadeca-1,9-dien-1-yloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylazaniumyl)ethyl phosphoric acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC44H84NO6P
Average Molecular Weight754.131
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight753.603626427
IUPAC Name(2R)-2,3-bis[(1Z,9Z)-octadeca-1,9-dien-1-yloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylazaniumyl)ethyl phosphate
Traditional Name(2R)-2,3-bis[(1Z,9Z)-octadeca-1,9-dien-1-yloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@](CO\C=C/CCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCC)(COP([O-])(=O)OCC[N+](C)(C)C)O\C=C/CCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C44H84NO6P/c1-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-20-22-24-26-28-30-32-34-36-39-48-42-44(43-51-52(46,47)50-41-38-45(3,4)5)49-40-37-35-33-31-29-27-25-23-21-19-17-15-13-11-9-7-2/h20-23,36-37,39-40,44H,6-19,24-35,38,41-43H2,1-5H3/b22-20-,23-21-,39-36-,40-37-/t44-/m1/s1
InChI KeyWBQMXDUFWFHART-DZZHLSRZSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycerophosphocholines. These are lipids containing a glycerol moiety carrying a phosphocholine at the 3-position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphocholines
Direct ParentGlycerophosphocholines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycero-3-phosphocholine
  • Phosphocholine
  • Glycerol vinyl ether
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Amine
  • Organic salt
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP6.56ALOGPS
logP9.95ChemAxon
logS-7.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area77.05 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count40ChemAxon
Refractivity237.18 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability93.42 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified44.5 (37.6-53.3) uMNewborn (0-30 days old)Not Available
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified212 (183-244) uMInfant (0-1 year old)Not Available
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified267.03(66.1) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified250.7 +/- 47.2 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected and Quantified0.84 +/- 2 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified1.46 +/- 2.13 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.200 +/- 0.031 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • Zerihun T. Dame, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.016 (0.0021-0.045) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified220.75(59.14) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothHeart failure with preserved ejection fraction details
BloodDetected and Quantified192.7 +/- 50.0 uMChildren (1-13 years old)Both
Obesity
    • Metabolomics reve...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified233.6 +/- 68.4 uMChildren (1-13 years old)Both
Obesity
    • Metabolomics reve...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified155.673 (140.706) uMAdult (>18 years old)FemalePregnancy with fetus having congenital heart defect details
BloodDetected and Quantified279.018 (74.520) uMAdult (>18 years old)FemalePregnancy details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Newborn (0-30 days old)Not Specified
Premature neonates
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Newborn (0-30 days old)Not Specified
Premature neonates
details
Predicted Concentrations
BiospecimenValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0.001 +/- 0.001 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Most Probable)Calculated using MetaboAnalyst
Blood1.017 +/- 0.881 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Upper Limit)Calculated using MetaboAnalyst
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Pregnancy
  1. Bahado-Singh RO, Ertl R, Mandal R, Bjorndahl TC, Syngelaki A, Han B, Dong E, Liu PB, Alpay-Savasan Z, Wishart DS, Nicolaides KH: Metabolomic prediction of fetal congenital heart defect in the first trimester. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Sep;211(3):240.e1-240.e14. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.03.056. Epub 2014 Apr 1. [PubMed:24704061 ]
Obesity
  1. Simone Wahl, Christina Holzapfel, Zhonghao Yu, Michaela Breier, Ivan Kondofersky, Christiane Fuchs, Paula Singmann, Cornelia Prehn, Jerzy Adamski, Harald Grallert, Thomas Illig, Rui Wang-Sattler, Thomas Reinehr (2013). Metabolomics reveals determinants of weight loss during lifestyle intervention in obese children. Metabolomics.
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem CompoundNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 44 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. This isozyme hydrolyzes more efficiently L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine than L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine, L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylethanolamine, or L-alpha-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol. May be involved in the production of lung surfactant, the remodeling or regulation of cardiac muscle.
Gene Name:
PLA2G5
Uniprot ID:
P39877
Molecular weight:
15674.065
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Hydrolyzes phosphatidylglycerol versus phosphatidylcholine with a 15-fold preference.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2F
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZM2
Molecular weight:
23256.29
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G1B
Uniprot ID:
P04054
Molecular weight:
16359.535
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a powerful potency for releasing arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids. Prefers phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine liposomes to those of phosphatidylserine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G10
Uniprot ID:
O15496
Molecular weight:
18153.04
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZK7
Molecular weight:
15988.525
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Does not exhibit detectable activity toward sn-2-arachidonoyl- or linoleoyl-phosphatidylcholine or -phosphatidylethanolamine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G12A
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZM1
Molecular weight:
21066.99
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylcholine-sterol O-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Central enzyme in the extracellular metabolism of plasma lipoproteins. Synthesized mainly in the liver and secreted into plasma where it converts cholesterol and phosphatidylcholines (lecithins) to cholesteryl esters and lysophosphatidylcholines on the surface of high and low density lipoproteins (HDLs and LDLs). The cholesterol ester is then transported back to the liver. Has a preference for plasma 16:0-18:2 or 18:O-18:2 phosphatidylcholines. Also produced in the brain by primary astrocytes, and esterifies free cholesterol on nascent APOE-containing lipoproteins secreted from glia and influences cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) APOE- and APOA1 levels. Together with APOE and the cholesterol transporter ABCA1, plays a key role in the maturation of glial-derived, nascent lipoproteins. Required for remodeling high-density lipoprotein particles into their spherical forms.
Gene Name:
LCAT
Uniprot ID:
P04180
Molecular weight:
49577.545
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
Thought to participate in the regulation of the phospholipid metabolism in biomembranes including eicosanoid biosynthesis. Catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2A
Uniprot ID:
P14555
Molecular weight:
16082.525
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine is more efficiently hydrolyzed than the other phospholipids examined.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2D
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNK4
Molecular weight:
16546.1

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 44 proteins in total.