You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:46 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01052
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA
Description(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA is s metabolite of 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase (EC 3.1.2.4 ) during beta-alanine metabolism (KEGG 00410), propanoate metabolism (KEGG 00640), and valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation (KEGG 00280). Deficiencies of this enzyme in valine degradation can result in hypotonia, poor feeding, motor delay, and subsequent neurological regression in infancy, episodes of ketoacidosis and Leigh-like changes in the basal ganglia on a magnetic resonance imaging scan (PMID 17160907 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionyl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-isobutyryl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-isobutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC25H42N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight853.623
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight853.151987801
IUPAC Name{[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number319440-43-2
SMILES
CC(CO)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OCC1OC(C(O)C1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C25H42N7O18P3S/c1-13(8-33)24(38)54-7-6-27-15(34)4-5-28-22(37)19(36)25(2,3)10-47-53(44,45)50-52(42,43)46-9-14-18(49-51(39,40)41)17(35)23(48-14)32-12-31-16-20(26)29-11-30-21(16)32/h11-14,17-19,23,33,35-36H,4-10H2,1-3H3,(H,27,34)(H,28,37)(H,42,43)(H,44,45)(H2,26,29,30)(H2,39,40,41)
InChI KeyInChIKey=WWEOGFZEFHPUAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty amide
  • Saccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid biosynthesis, Fatty acid transport
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.14 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.56ALOGPS
logP-7ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity183.18 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability74.9 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000120-c718f8aabcd5b3328193View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-1913000000-86eb8b4e6cdee60b559aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2911000000-2d6f48b3506835c89ffdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00o9-9730140560-056ac34ed9b661751c57View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3920110010-37a68eba22e3eecc9757View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-e33bac5e5de19c7b719bView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
2-Methyl-3-Hydroxybutryl CoA Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00137Not Available
3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase DeficiencySMP00138Not Available
3-hydroxyisobutyric acid dehydrogenase deficiencySMP00521Not Available
3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduriaSMP00522Not Available
3-Methylcrotonyl Coa Carboxylase Deficiency Type ISMP00237Not Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type ISMP00139Not Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type IIISMP00140Not Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type IVSMP00141Not Available
Beta-Ketothiolase DeficiencySMP00173Not Available
Isobutyryl-coa dehydrogenase deficiencySMP00523Not Available
Isovaleric acidemiaSMP00524Not Available
Isovaleric AciduriaSMP00238Not Available
Maple Syrup Urine DiseaseSMP00199Not Available
Methylmalonate Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00384Not Available
Methylmalonic AciduriaSMP00200Not Available
Propionic AcidemiaSMP00236Not Available
Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine DegradationSMP00032map00280
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022393
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID86
KEGG Compound IDC06000
BioCyc ID3-HYDROXY-ISOBUTYRYL-COA
BiGG ID47176
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01052
Metagene LinkHMDB01052
METLIN ID453
PubChem Compound88
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28259
References
Synthesis ReferenceHawes, John W.; Harper, Edwin T. Synthesis of methacrylyl-CoA and (R)- and (S)-3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA. Methods in Enzymology (2000), 324(Branched-Chain Amino Acids), 73-79.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Loupatty FJ, Clayton PT, Ruiter JP, Ofman R, Ijlst L, Brown GK, Thorburn DR, Harris RA, Duran M, Desousa C, Krywawych S, Heales SJ, Wanders RJ: Mutations in the gene encoding 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase results in progressive infantile neurodegeneration. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Jan;80(1):195-9. Epub 2006 Nov 30. [17160907 ]
  2. Lehnert W, Sass JO: Glutaconyl-CoA is the main toxic agent in glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (glutaric aciduria type I). Med Hypotheses. 2005;65(2):330-3. [15922108 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA (HIBYL-CoA), a saline catabolite. Has high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Could be an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Also hydrolyzes 3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
HIBCH
Uniprot ID:
Q6NVY1
Molecular weight:
43481.935
Reactions
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciddetails
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciddetails