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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01173
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name5'-Methylthioadenosine
Description5'-Methylthioadenosine (MTA) is a naturally occurring sulfur-containing nucleoside present in all mammalian tissues. It is produced from S-adenosylmethionine mainly through the polyamine biosynthetic pathway, where it behaves as a powerful inhibitory product. MTA is metabolized solely by MTA-phosphorylase, to yield 5-methylthioribose-1-phosphate and adenine, a crucial step in the methionine and purine salvage pathways, respectively. Evidence suggests that MTA can affect cellular processes in many ways. For instance, MTA has been shown to influence regulation of gene expression, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis (PMID 15313459 ). 5-Methylthioadenosine can be found in human urine. Elevated excretion appears in children with severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (PMID 3987052 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5'-Deoxy-5'-(methylthio)adenosineChEBI
5'-MethylthioadenosineChEBI
5-MethylthioadenosineChEBI
9-(5-S-Methyl-5-thio-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-amineChEBI
MethylthioadenosineChEBI
MTAChEBI
S-Methyl-5'-thioadenosineChEBI
ThiomethyladenosineChEBI
(2R,3R,4S,5S)-2-(6-Aminopurin-9-yl)-5-(methylsulphanylmethyl)oxolane-3,4-diolGenerator
9-(5-S-Methyl-5-thio-b-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-amineGenerator
9-(5-S-Methyl-5-thio-β-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-amineGenerator
1-(6-amino-9H-Purin-9-yl)-1-deoxy-5-S-methyl-5-thio-beta-D-ribofuranoseHMDB
1-(6-amino-9H-Purin-9-yl)-1-deoxy-5-S-methyl-5-thio-beta-delta-ribofuranoseHMDB
5'-(methylthio)-5'-DeoxyadenosineHMDB
5'-(methylthio)AdenosineHMDB
5'-S-Methyl-5'-thio-adenosineHMDB
5'-S-Methyl-5'-thioadenosineHMDB
S-Methyl-5-thioadenosineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC11H15N5O3S
Average Molecular Weight297.334
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight297.089560061
IUPAC Name(2R,3R,4S,5S)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-5-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]oxolane-3,4-diol
Traditional Namemethylthioadenosine
CAS Registry Number2457-80-9
SMILES
CSC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C11H15N5O3S/c1-20-2-5-7(17)8(18)11(19-5)16-4-15-6-9(12)13-3-14-10(6)16/h3-5,7-8,11,17-18H,2H2,1H3,(H2,12,13,14)/t5-,7-,8-,11-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=WUUGFSXJNOTRMR-IOSLPCCCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycosylamines. These are compounds consisting of an amine with a beta-N-glycosidic bond to a carbohydrate, thus forming a cyclic hemiaminal ether bond (alpha-amino ether).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Sub ClassGlycosyl compounds
Direct ParentGlycosylamines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Dialkylthioether
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Component of beta-Alanine metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility6.5 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.14ALOGPS
logP-0.61ChemAxon
logS-1.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.47ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area119.31 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity74.03 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability29.26 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-000i-0940000000-16b1106966ac98c7a107View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000j-0940000000-55655e7a0a6c8acba0f0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-1900000000-f37865ca2029a623ace7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-2900000000-ae0e3df9bf25c100940dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0002-0090000000-72139812c5b2ede077edView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0910000000-0c3d173f36272e3271ebView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-f3443ca133811f52c5d7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-49cc299525d7fca27818View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-000i-3900000000-39bebdcaa7ce2695465bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-76b935f4f0a78c15ca0eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-0002-4900000000-d8c0df43305b934d71dcView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-d3bfbeb6fb95e3768ef6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-001i-0910000000-56784be58ef9065f21f6View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
  • Platelet
  • Prostate
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Cystathionine Beta-Synthase DeficiencySMP00177Not Available
Glycine N-methyltransferase DeficiencySMP00222Not Available
Homocystinuria-megaloblastic anemia due to defect in cobalamin metabolism, cblG complementation typeSMP00570Not Available
HypermethioninemiaSMP00341Not Available
Methionine Adenosyltransferase DeficiencySMP00221Not Available
Methionine MetabolismSMP00033map00270
Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Deficiency (MTHFRD)SMP00340Not Available
S-Adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) Hydrolase DeficiencySMP00214Not Available
Spermidine and Spermine BiosynthesisSMP00445Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.12 +/- 0.05 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.12 +/- 0.08 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.13 +/- 0.11 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022465
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388321
KEGG Compound IDC00170
BioCyc ID5-METHYLTHIOADENOSINE
BiGG ID34127
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01173
Metagene LinkHMDB01173
METLIN ID3425
PubChem Compound439176
PDB IDMTA
ChEBI ID17509
References
Synthesis ReferenceSufrin, Janice R.; Spiess, Arthur J.; Kramer, Debora L.; Libby, Paul R.; Porter, Carl W. Synthesis and antiproliferative effects of novel 5'-fluorinated analogs of 5'-deoxy-5'-(methylthio)adenosine. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (1989), 32(5), 997-1001.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. [19212411 ]
  2. Liebich HM, Di Stefano C, Wixforth A, Schmid HR: Quantitation of urinary nucleosides by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr A. 1997 Feb 28;763(1-2):193-7. [9129323 ]
  3. Avila MA, Garcia-Trevijano ER, Lu SC, Corrales FJ, Mato JM: Methylthioadenosine. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2004 Nov;36(11):2125-30. [15313459 ]
  4. Gerasimovskaya EV, Ahmad S, White CW, Jones PL, Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR: Extracellular ATP is an autocrine/paracrine regulator of hypoxia-induced adventitial fibroblast growth. Signaling through extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 and the Egr-1 transcription factor. J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 22;277(47):44638-50. Epub 2002 Sep 18. [12244041 ]
  5. Mills GC, Mills JS: Urinary excretion of methylthioadenosine in immunodeficient children. Clin Chim Acta. 1985 Mar 30;147(1):15-23. [3987052 ]
  6. Contreres JO, Dupuy E, Job B, Habib A, Bryckaert M, Rosa JP, Simoneau G, Herbert JM, Savi P, Levy-Toledano S: Effect of clopidogrel administration to healthy volunteers on platelet phosphorylation events triggered by ADP. Br J Haematol. 2003 Feb;120(4):633-42. [12588350 ]
  7. Mills GC, Schmalstieg FC, Goldblum RM: Urinary excretion of modified purines and nucleosides in immunodeficient children. Biochem Med. 1985 Aug;34(1):37-51. [4052062 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in spermine synthase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the production of spermine from spermidine and decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine (dcSAM).
Gene Name:
SMS
Uniprot ID:
P52788
Molecular weight:
35278.2
Reactions
S-Adenosylmethioninamine + Spermidine → 5'-Methylthioadenosine + Sperminedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the production of spermidine from putrescine and decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine (dcSAM). Has a strong preference for putrescine as substrate, and has very low activity towards 1,3-diaminopropane. Has extremely low activity towards spermidine.
Gene Name:
SRM
Uniprot ID:
P19623
Molecular weight:
33824.455
Reactions
S-Adenosylmethioninamine + Putrescine → 5'-Methylthioadenosine + Spermidinedetails
S-Adenosylmethioninamine + Spermidine → 5'-Methylthioadenosine + Sperminedetails
S-Adenosylmethioninamine + Cadaverine → 5'-Methylthioadenosine + Aminopropylcadaverinedetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring pentosyl groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible phosphorylation of S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine (MTA) to adenine and 5-methylthioribose-1-phosphate. Involved in the breakdown of MTA, a major by-product of polyamine biosynthesis. Responsible for the first step in the methionine salvage pathway after MTA has been generated from S-adenosylmethionine. Has broad substrate specificity with 6-aminopurine nucleosides as preferred substrates.
Gene Name:
MTAP
Uniprot ID:
Q13126
Molecular weight:
31235.76
Reactions
5'-Methylthioadenosine + Phosphoric acid → Adenine + 5-Methylthioribose 1-phosphatedetails