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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:04:40 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01431
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePyridoxamine
DescriptionThe 4-aminomethyl form of vitamin B6. During transamination of amino acids, pyridoxal phosphate is transiently converted into pyridoxamine phosphate. -- Pubchem; Pyridoxamine is one of the compounds that can be called vitamin B6, along with Pyridoxal and Pyridoxine. -- Wikipedia.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-(AMINOMETHYL)-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-3-olChEBI
PMChEBI
2-Methyl-4-aminomethyl-5-hydroxymethyl-3-pyridinolHMDB
4-(Aminomethyl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-3-pyridinolHMDB
4-(Aminomethyl)-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-pyridinemethanolHMDB
PyridoxylamineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC8H12N2O2
Average Molecular Weight168.1931
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight168.089877638
IUPAC Name4-(aminomethyl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-3-ol
Traditional Namepyridoxamine
CAS Registry Number85-87-0
SMILES
CC1=C(O)C(CN)=C(CO)C=N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C8H12N2O2/c1-5-8(12)7(2-9)6(4-11)3-10-5/h3,11-12H,2,4,9H2,1H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=NHZMQXZHNVQTQA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyridoxamines. These are pyridoxal derivatives in which the pyridoxal moiety is substituted at position 2 by an amine.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassPyridines and derivatives
Sub ClassPyridoxamines
Direct ParentPyridoxamines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyridoxamine
  • Methylpyridine
  • Hydroxypyridine
  • Aralkylamine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic alcohol
  • Primary amine
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Vitamin B6 metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility815 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility29.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.2ALOGPS
logP-1.6ChemAxon
logS-0.76ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)7.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.82ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area79.37 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity45.76 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability17.53 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-001j-0590000000-a4bf9fe291241c903e3dView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-00di-9350000000-3b1415672e7ab22d5e64View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-001i-1490000000-7214a8743cbe260268ceView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-014i-0900000000-4ca97fcd886d80336a5cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-1900000000-499c48bce709456248bcView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0059-9200000000-aee74b4498be7c8cea6fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0900000000-f1da14360063a04c11b4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-014r-0900000000-f5aea0fa928eb266a79dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-00di-0900000000-bebad702dbdba57d61faView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-05fr-0900000000-7322846ca1b4d95b5b16View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-2900000000-da43b1a049d349d91831View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-6b5f1d606df91ae52eb4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-0gb9-0900000000-d5a16a4cdc19453ae9c7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-01b9-0900000000-3a1f853ce36bb047e05fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0uxr-0900000000-a1db882596b08c2987a7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0ue9-0900000000-b0f20e8503b963c8a31fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-001i-3900000000-b41efa32a572817ef0c9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0900000000-cd842fcc776d552a0f07View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-052r-0900000000-ae76358c88e1a1cf17dcView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0596-9600000000-eeec53c65ada2bc944b0View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Location
  • Prostate
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
HypophosphatasiaSMP00503Not Available
Vitamin B6 MetabolismSMP00017map00750
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.164 +/- 0.038 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021819
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID1023
KEGG Compound IDC00534
BioCyc IDPYRIDOXAMINE
BiGG ID35277
Wikipedia LinkPyridoxamine
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01431
Metagene LinkHMDB01431
METLIN ID238
PubChem Compound1052
PDB IDPXM
ChEBI ID16410
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. [19212411 ]
  2. Esteve-Romero J, Capella-Peiro ME, Monferrer-Pons L, Gil-Agusti M: Micellar liquid chromatography in clinical chemistry: application to the monitorization of B6 vitamins. Clin Chim Acta. 2004 Oct;348(1-2):69-77. [15369738 ]
  3. Berzas Nevado JJ, Murillo Pulgarin JA, Gomez Laguna MA: Determination of pyridoxamine in urine by matrix isopotential synchronous fluorescence spectrometry. Analyst. 1995 Jan;120(1):171-4. [7710125 ]
  4. Sharma SK, Dakshinamurti K: Determination of vitamin B6 vitamers and pyridoxic acid in biological samples. J Chromatogr. 1992 Jul 1;578(1):45-51. [1400785 ]
  5. Rokitzki L, Sagredos AN, Reuss F, Buchner M, Keul J: Acute changes in vitamin B6 status in endurance athletes before and after a marathon. Int J Sport Nutr. 1994 Jun;4(2):154-65. [8054960 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in pyridoxamine-phosphate oxidase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidation of either pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP) or pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate (PMP) into pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP).
Gene Name:
PNPO
Uniprot ID:
Q9NVS9
Molecular weight:
29987.79
Reactions
Pyridoxamine + Water + Oxygen → Pyridoxal + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
General function:
Involved in pyridoxal kinase activity
Specific function:
Required for synthesis of pyridoxal-5-phosphate from vitamin B6.
Gene Name:
PDXK
Uniprot ID:
O00764
Molecular weight:
35102.105
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Pyridoxamine → ADP + Pyridoxamine 5'-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Protein serine phosphatase that dephosphorylates 'Ser-3' in cofilin and probably also dephosphorylates phospho-serine residues in DSTN. Regulates cofilin-dependent actin cytoskeleton reorganization. Required for normal progress through mitosis and normal cytokinesis. Does not dephosphorylate phospho-threonines in LIMK1. Does not dephosphorylate peptides containing phospho-tyrosine. Pyridoxal phosphate phosphatase. Has some activity towards pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PMP) and pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP), with a highest activity with PLP followed by PNP.
Gene Name:
PDXP
Uniprot ID:
Q96GD0
Molecular weight:
31697.735
Reactions
Pyridoxamine + Phosphoric acid → Pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Phosphatase that has high activity toward pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). Also active at much lower level toward pyrophosphate, phosphoethanolamine (PEA), phosphocholine (PCho), phospho-l-tyrosine, fructose-6-phosphate, p-nitrophenyl phosphate, and h-glycerophosphate.
Gene Name:
PHOSPHO2
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCD6
Molecular weight:
27768.72
Reactions
Pyridoxamine + Phosphoric acid → Pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + Waterdetails