Human Metabolome Database Version 3.5

Showing metabocard for Carbon dioxide (HMDB01967)

Record Information
Version 3.5
Creation Date 2006-05-22 08:17:29 -0600
Update Date 2013-02-08 11:21:39 -0700
HMDB ID HMDB01967
Secondary Accession Numbers None
Metabolite Identification
Common Name Carbon dioxide
Description Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals. Carbon dioxide is produced during respiration by all animals, fungi and microorganisms that depend on living and decaying plants for food, either directly or indirectly. It is, therefore, a major component of the carbon cycle. Additionally, carbon dioxide is used by plants during photosynthesis to make sugars which may either be consumed again in respiration or used as the raw material to produce polysaccharides such as starch and cellulose, proteins and the wide variety of other organic compounds required for plant growth and development. When inhaled at concentrations much higher than usual atmospheric levels, it can produce a sour taste in the mouth and a stinging sensation in the nose and throat. These effects result from the gas dissolving in the mucous membranes and saliva, forming a weak solution of carbonic acid. Carbon dioxide is used by the food industry, the oil industry, and the chemical industry. Carbon dioxide is used to produce carbonated soft drinks and soda water. Traditionally, the carbonation in beer and sparkling wine comes about through natural fermentation, but some manufacturers carbonate these drinks artificially.
Structure Thumb
Download: MOL | SDF | PDB | SMILES | InChI
Display: 2D Structure | 3D Structure
Synonyms
  1. Carbon oxide
  2. Carbon-12 dioxide
  3. Carbonic acid anhydride
  4. Carbonic acid gas
  5. Carbonic anhydride
Chemical Formula CO2
Average Molecular Weight 44.0095
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight 43.989829244
IUPAC Name methanedione
Traditional IUPAC Name carbon dioxide
CAS Registry Number 124-38-9
SMILES O=C=O
InChI Identifier InChI=1S/CO2/c2-1-3
InChI Key CURLTUGMZLYLDI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Kingdom Organic Compounds
Super Class Aliphatic Acyclic Compounds
Class N/A
Sub Class N/A
Other Descriptors
  • a small molecule(Cyc)
  • carbon oxide(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • N/A
Direct Parent Aliphatic Acyclic Compounds
Ontology
Status Detected and Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Osmolyte, enzyme cofactor, signalling
  • Waste products
Application Not Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
  • Peroxisome
Physical Properties
State Liquid
Experimental Properties
Property Value Reference
Melting Point -56.5 °C Not Available
Boiling Point Not Available Not Available
Water Solubility 1.48 mg/mL at 25 °C Not Available
LogP 0.83 HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
Property Value Source
LogP -0.63 ALOGPS
LogP -0.28 ChemAxon
LogS 0.63 ALOGPS
Hydrogen Acceptor Count 2 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count 0 ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area 34.14 A2 ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count 0 ChemAxon
Refractivity 6.38 ChemAxon
Polarizability 2.57 ChemAxon
Formal Charge 0 ChemAxon
Physiological Charge 0 ChemAxon
Spectra
Not Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
  • Peroxisome
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Pathways
Name SMPDB Link KEGG Link
Glycine and Serine Metabolism SMP00004 map00260 Link_out
Ketone Body Metabolism SMP00071 map00072 Link_out
Histidine Metabolism SMP00044 map00340 Link_out
Methionine Metabolism SMP00033 map00270 Link_out
Ammonia Recycling SMP00009 map00910 Link_out
Citric Acid Cycle SMP00057 map00020 Link_out
Pentose Phosphate Pathway SMP00031 map00030 Link_out
Threonine and 2-Oxobutanoate Degradation SMP00452 Not Available
Vitamin K Metabolism SMP00464 Not Available
Carnitine Synthesis SMP00465 Not Available
Transfer of Acetyl Groups into Mitochondria SMP00466 Not Available
Catecholamine Biosynthesis SMP00012 map00350 Link_out
Spermidine and Spermine Biosynthesis SMP00445 Not Available
Folate Metabolism SMP00053 map00670 Link_out
Normal Concentrations
Biofluid Status Value Age Sex Condition Reference
Blood Detected and Quantified
25600.0 +/- 1430.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Female Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
17000.00 (11100.0-21200.0) uM Newborn (0-30 days old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
20900.0 +/- 1100.0 uM Children (1-13 year old) Not Specified Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
21600.0 +/- 600.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Male Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Urine Expected but not Quantified
Not Applicable Not Available Not Available Normal
  • Not Applicable
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References None
Associated OMIM IDs None
DrugBank ID Not Available
DrugBank Metabolite ID DBMET00423 Link_out
Phenol Explorer Compound ID Not Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID Not Available
FoodDB ID FDB014084
KNApSAcK ID Not Available
Chemspider ID 274 Link_out
KEGG Compound ID C00011 Link_out
BioCyc ID Not Available
BiGG ID 33506 Link_out
Wikipedia Link Carbon Dioxide Link_out
NuGOwiki Link HMDB01967 Link_out
Metagene Link HMDB01967 Link_out
METLIN ID 3199 Link_out
PubChem Compound 280 Link_out
PDB ID CO2 Link_out
ChEBI ID 16526 Link_out
References
Synthesis Reference Callahan, Richard A. Process and apparatus for producing liquid carbon dioxide. U.S. (1993), 11 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Download (PDF)
General References Not Available

Enzymes

Show all enzymes and transporters Important Only showing the first 50 enzymes. There are 107 enzymes in total.

Name: Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit beta, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Pyruvic acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 2-(a-Hydroxyethyl)thiamine diphosphate + Carbon dioxide details
Pyruvic acid + Enzyme N6-(lipoyl)lysine unknown [Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] S-acetyldihydrolipoyllysine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: PDHB
Uniprot ID: P11177 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Malonyl-CoA unknown Acetyl-CoA + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: MLYCD
Uniprot ID: O95822 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 5-aminolevulinate synthase, erythroid-specific, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Succinyl-CoA + Glycine unknown 5-Aminolevulinic acid + Coenzyme A + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: ALAS2
Uniprot ID: P22557 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 5-aminolevulinate synthase, nonspecific, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Succinyl-CoA + Glycine unknown 5-Aminolevulinic acid + Coenzyme A + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: ALAS1
Uniprot ID: P13196 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Fatty acid synthase
Reactions:
Acetyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] unknown Acetoacetyl-[acp] + Carbon dioxide + Acyl-carrier protein details
Dodecanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] unknown 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-[acp] + Carbon dioxide + Acyl-carrier protein details
Butyryl-[acp] + Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] unknown 3-Oxohexanoyl-[acp] + Carbon dioxide + Acyl-carrier protein details
Hexanoyl-[acp] + Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] unknown 3-Oxooctanoyl-[acp] + Carbon dioxide + Acyl-carrier protein details
Octanoyl-[acp] + Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] unknown 3-Oxodecanoyl-[acp] + Carbon dioxide + Acyl-carrier protein details
Decanoyl-[acp] + Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] unknown 3-Oxododecanoyl-[acp] + Carbon dioxide + Acyl-carrier protein details
Tetradecanoyl-[acp] + Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] unknown 3-Oxohexadecanoyl-[acp] + Carbon dioxide + Acyl-carrier protein details
Gene Name: FASN
Uniprot ID: P49327 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit alpha, somatic form, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Pyruvic acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 2-(a-Hydroxyethyl)thiamine diphosphate + Carbon dioxide details
Pyruvic acid + Enzyme N6-(lipoyl)lysine unknown [Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] S-acetyldihydrolipoyllysine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: PDHA1
Uniprot ID: P08559 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit alpha, testis-specific form, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Pyruvic acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 2-(a-Hydroxyethyl)thiamine diphosphate + Carbon dioxide details
Pyruvic acid + Enzyme N6-(lipoyl)lysine unknown [Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] S-acetyldihydrolipoyllysine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: PDHA2
Uniprot ID: P29803 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Methylmalonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [acylating], mitochondrial
Reactions:
Malonic semialdehyde + Coenzyme A + NAD unknown Acetyl-CoA + Carbon dioxide + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Malonic semialdehyde + Coenzyme A + NADP unknown Acetyl-CoA + Carbon dioxide + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion details
(S)-Methylmalonic acid semialdehyde + Coenzyme A + NAD unknown Propionyl-CoA + Carbon dioxide + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Gene Name: ALDH6A1
Uniprot ID: Q02252 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: DLD
Uniprot ID: P09622 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, mitochondrial
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: DLAT
Uniprot ID: P10515 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Tyrosinase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: TYR
Uniprot ID: P14679 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Glutaryl-CoA + FAD unknown FADH + (E)-but-2-enoyl-CoA + Carbon dioxide details
Glutaryl-CoA + Electron-transferring flavoprotein unknown (E)-but-2-enoyl-CoA + Reduced electron-transferring flavoprotein + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: GCDH
Uniprot ID: Q92947 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Lysosomal acid lipase/cholesteryl ester hydrolase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: LIPA
Uniprot ID: P38571 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase
Reactions:
Uroporphyrinogen III unknown Coproporphyrinogen III + Carbon dioxide details
Uroporphyrinogen I unknown Coproporphyrinogen I + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: UROD
Uniprot ID: P06132 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Coproporphyrinogen-III oxidase, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Coproporphyrinogen III + Oxygen unknown Protoporphyrinogen IX + Carbon dioxide + Water details
Gene Name: CPOX
Uniprot ID: P36551 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate-6-semialdehyde decarboxylase
Reactions:
2-Amino-3-carboxymuconic acid semialdehyde unknown 2-Aminomuconic acid semialdehyde + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: ACMSD
Uniprot ID: Q8TDX5 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Methylsterol monooxygenase 1
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: MSMO1
Uniprot ID: Q15800 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Sterol-4-alpha-carboxylate 3-dehydrogenase, decarboxylating
Reactions:
4a-Carboxy-4b-methyl-5a-cholesta-8,24-dien-3b-ol + NADP unknown 3-Keto-4-methylzymosterol + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: NSDHL
Uniprot ID: Q15738 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phytanoyl-CoA dioxygenase, peroxisomal
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PHYH
Uniprot ID: O14832 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase
Reactions:
L-Tryptophan unknown Tryptamine + Carbon dioxide details
L-Phenylalanine unknown Phenylethylamine + Carbon dioxide details
L-Tyrosine unknown Tyramine + Carbon dioxide details
L-Histidine unknown Histamine + Carbon dioxide details
L-Dopa unknown Dopamine + Carbon dioxide details
Oxitriptan unknown Serotonin + Carbon dioxide details
5-Hydroxykynurenamine + Carbon dioxide unknown 5-Hydroxykynurenine details
Gene Name: DDC
Uniprot ID: P20711 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Peroxiredoxin-6
Reactions:
L-Phenylalanine + Oxygen unknown 2-Phenylacetamide + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: PRDX6
Uniprot ID: P30041 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subunit beta, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Alpha-ketoisovaleric acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 2-Methyl-1-hydroxypropyl-ThPP + Carbon dioxide details
Ketoleucine + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 3-Methyl-1-hydroxybutyl-ThPP + Carbon dioxide details
3-Methyl-2-oxovaleric acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 2-Methyl-1-hydroxybutyl-ThPP + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: BCKDHB
Uniprot ID: P21953 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subunit alpha, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Alpha-ketoisovaleric acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 2-Methyl-1-hydroxypropyl-ThPP + Carbon dioxide details
Ketoleucine + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 3-Methyl-1-hydroxybutyl-ThPP + Carbon dioxide details
3-Methyl-2-oxovaleric acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 2-Methyl-1-hydroxybutyl-ThPP + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: BCKDHA
Uniprot ID: P12694 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-2
Reactions:
L-Proline + Oxoglutaric acid + Oxygen unknown 4-Hydroxyproline + Succinic acid + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: P4HA2
Uniprot ID: O15460 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-1
Reactions:
L-Proline + Oxoglutaric acid + Oxygen unknown 4-Hydroxyproline + Succinic acid + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: P4HA1
Uniprot ID: P13674 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Nicotinate-nucleotide pyrophosphorylase [carboxylating]
Reactions:
nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotide + Pyrophosphate + Carbon dioxide unknown Quinolinic acid + Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate details
Gene Name: QPRT
Uniprot ID: Q15274 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Carbamoyl-phosphate synthase [ammonia], mitochondrial
Reactions:
Adenosine triphosphate + Ammonia + Carbon dioxide + Water unknown ADP + Phosphoric acid + Carbamoyl phosphate details
Gene Name: CPS1
Uniprot ID: P31327 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Gamma-butyrobetaine dioxygenase
Reactions:
4-Trimethylammoniobutanoic acid + Oxoglutaric acid + Oxygen unknown L-Carnitine + Succinic acid + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: BBOX1
Uniprot ID: O75936 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase proenzyme
Reactions:
S-Adenosylmethionine + Hydrogen Ion unknown S-Adenosylmethioninamine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: AMD1
Uniprot ID: P17707 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Oxoglutaric acid + Thiamine pyrophosphate unknown 3-Carboxy-1-hydroxypropylthiamine diphosphate + Carbon dioxide details
Oxoadipic acid + Coenzyme A + NAD unknown Glutaryl-CoA + Carbon dioxide + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Oxoadipic acid + Enzyme N6-(lipoyl)lysine unknown [Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue succinyltransferase] S-glutaryldihydrolipoyllysine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: OGDH
Uniprot ID: Q02218 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Procollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 1
Reactions:
Protein lysine + Oxoglutaric acid + Oxygen unknown Procollagen 5-hydroxy-L-lysine + Succinic acid + Carbon dioxide + Water details
Gene Name: PLOD1
Uniprot ID: Q02809 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Procollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 2
Reactions:
Protein lysine + Oxoglutaric acid + Oxygen unknown Procollagen 5-hydroxy-L-lysine + Succinic acid + Carbon dioxide + Water details
Gene Name: PLOD2
Uniprot ID: O00469 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Procollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 3
Reactions:
Protein lysine + Oxoglutaric acid + Oxygen unknown Procollagen 5-hydroxy-L-lysine + Succinic acid + Carbon dioxide + Water details
Gene Name: PLOD3
Uniprot ID: O60568 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Liver carboxylesterase 1
Reactions:
Capecitabine + Water unknown 5'-Deoxy-5-fluorocytidine + 1-Pentanol + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: CES1
Uniprot ID: P23141 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Cocaine esterase
Reactions:
Capecitabine + Water unknown 5'-Deoxy-5-fluorocytidine + 1-Pentanol + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: CES2
Uniprot ID: O00748 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Beta-ureidopropionase
Reactions:
Ureidopropionic acid + Water unknown Beta-Alanine + Carbon dioxide + Ammonia details
Ureidoisobutyric acid + Water unknown 3-Aminoisobutanoic acid + Carbon dioxide + Ammonia details
alpha-Fluoro-beta-ureidopropionic acid + Water unknown alpha-Fluoro-beta-alanine + Carbon dioxide + Ammonia details
Gene Name: UPB1
Uniprot ID: Q9UBR1 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Aminomethyltransferase, mitochondrial
Reactions:
Glycine + Tetrahydrofolic acid + NAD unknown 5,10-Methylene-THF + Ammonia + Carbon dioxide + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Gene Name: AMT
Uniprot ID: P48728 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Glutamate decarboxylase 2
Reactions:
L-Glutamic acid unknown Gamma-Aminobutyric acid + Carbon dioxide details
L-Aspartic acid unknown Beta-Alanine + Carbon dioxide details
Cysteic acid unknown Taurine + Carbon dioxide details
3-Sulfinoalanine unknown Hypotaurine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: GAD2
Uniprot ID: Q05329 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Glutamate decarboxylase 1
Reactions:
L-Glutamic acid unknown Gamma-Aminobutyric acid + Carbon dioxide details
L-Aspartic acid unknown Beta-Alanine + Carbon dioxide details
Cysteic acid unknown Taurine + Carbon dioxide details
3-Sulfinoalanine unknown Hypotaurine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: GAD1
Uniprot ID: Q99259 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase 1
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: GGT1
Uniprot ID: P19440 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Pyruvate kinase isozymes M1/M2
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PKM
Uniprot ID: P14618 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Pyruvate kinase isozymes R/L
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PKLR
Uniprot ID: P30613 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Glycine dehydrogenase [decarboxylating], mitochondrial
Reactions:
Glycine + Lipoylprotein unknown S-Aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: GLDC
Uniprot ID: P23378 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase
Reactions:
Phenylpyruvic acid + Oxygen unknown Ortho-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid + Carbon dioxide details
4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid + Oxygen unknown Homogentisic acid + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: HPD
Uniprot ID: P32754 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 3-keto-steroid reductase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: HSD17B7
Uniprot ID: P56937 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: NADP-dependent malic enzyme
Reactions:
L-Malic acid + NADP unknown Pyruvic acid + Carbon dioxide + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion details
Gene Name: ME1
Uniprot ID: P48163 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: NADP-dependent malic enzyme, mitochondrial
Reactions:
L-Malic acid + NADP unknown Pyruvic acid + Carbon dioxide + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion details
Gene Name: ME3
Uniprot ID: Q16798 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: NAD-dependent malic enzyme, mitochondrial
Reactions:
L-Malic acid + NAD unknown Pyruvic acid + Carbon dioxide + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
Gene Name: ME2
Uniprot ID: P23368 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Histidine decarboxylase
Reactions:
L-Histidine unknown Histamine + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: HDC
Uniprot ID: P19113 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Serine palmitoyltransferase 1
Reactions:
hexadecanoyl-CoA + L-Serine unknown 3-Dehydrosphinganine + Coenzyme A + Carbon dioxide details
Gene Name: SPTLC1
Uniprot ID: O15269 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA