You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:08 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:48 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02759
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAndrosterone sulfate
DescriptionAndrosterone sulfate (Andros-S) is the most abundant 5 alpha-reduced androgen metabolite in serum (PMID 8380602 ). Androsterone sulfate is clinically recognized as one of the major androgen metabolites found in urine. It is a cognate substrate for human dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase, which catalyzes the transfer of the sulfonate group from 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) (PMID 14573603 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3alpha-Sulfate-5alpha-androstan-17-oneHMDB
5alpha-Androsterone sulfateHMDB
5alpha-Androsterone sulphateHMDB
Andros-SHMDB
Androsterone 3alpha-sulfateHMDB
Androsterone 3alpha-sulphateHMDB
Androsterone monosulfateHMDB
Androsterone monosulphateHMDB
Androsterone sulphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC19H30O5S
Average Molecular Weight370.504
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight370.18139476
IUPAC Name[(1S,2S,5R,7S,10R,11S,15S)-2,15-dimethyl-14-oxotetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-yl]oxidanesulfonic acid
Traditional Namedheas
CAS Registry Number2479-86-9
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC[C@@]2([H])C[C@@H](CC[C@]12C)OS(O)(=O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H30O5S/c1-18-9-7-13(24-25(21,22)23)11-12(18)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(20)19(15,2)10-8-16(14)18/h12-16H,3-11H2,1-2H3,(H,21,22,23)/t12-,13+,14-,15-,16-,18-,19-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=ZMITXKRGXGRMKS-HLUDHZFRSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sulfated steroids. These are sterol lipids containing a sulfate group attached to the steroid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSulfated steroids
Direct ParentSulfated steroids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sulfated steroid
  • 3-sulfated steroid
  • Sulfated steroid skeleton
  • Androstane-skeleton
  • Oxosteroid
  • 17-oxosteroid
  • Sulfuric acid monoester
  • Sulfuric acid ester
  • Alkyl sulfate
  • Sulfate-ester
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Drug or steroid metabolite
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Waste products
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0048 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.45ALOGPS
logP3.82ChemAxon
logS-4.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area80.67 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity93.8 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.01 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Adipose Tissue
  • Adrenal Cortex
  • Adrenal Gland
  • Adrenal Medulla
  • Epidermis
  • Gonads
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Muscle
  • Testes
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Androgen and Estrogen MetabolismSMP00068map00150
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified11.1 (0.80-21.4) uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.39 (0.0069-0.81) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023062
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID140383
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02759
Metagene LinkHMDB02759
METLIN ID3559
PubChem Compound159663
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferencePelzer, Helmut; Staib, Wolfgang. Conjugated steroids. I. High-voltage paper electrophoresis of conjugated 17-keto steroids. Clinica Chimica Acta (1957), 2 407-15.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Chang HJ, Shi R, Rehse P, Lin SX: Identifying androsterone (ADT) as a cognate substrate for human dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase (DHEA-ST) important for steroid homeostasis: structure of the enzyme-ADT complex. J Biol Chem. 2004 Jan 23;279(4):2689-96. Epub 2003 Oct 21. [14573603 ]
  2. Zwicker H, Rittmaster RS: Androsterone sulfate: physiology and clinical significance in hirsute women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Jan;76(1):112-6. [8380602 ]
  3. PLAGER JE: THE BINDING OF ANDROSTERONE SULFATE, ETHIOCHOLANOLONE SULFATE, AND DEHYDROISOANDROSTERONE SULFATE BY HUMAN PLASMA PROTEIN. J Clin Invest. 1965 Jul;44:1234-9. [14328399 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of many hormones, neurotransmitters, drugs and xenobiotic compounds. Sulfonation increases the water solubility of most compounds, and therefore their renal excretion, but it can also result in bioactivation to form active metabolites. Sulfates hydroxysteroids like DHEA. Isoform 1 preferentially sulfonates cholesterol, and isoform 2 avidly sulfonates pregnenolone but not cholesterol.
Gene Name:
SULT2B1
Uniprot ID:
O00204
Molecular weight:
39598.595
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Conversion of sulfated steroid precursors to estrogens during pregnancy.
Gene Name:
STS
Uniprot ID:
P08842
Molecular weight:
65491.72